• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

AIDS In Africa

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐AIDS In Africa Introduction HIV/AIDS is a fatal disease of the human immune system currently affecting over thirty million people in the world. Thousands - even millions - of lives have been lost due to the devastating effects of the virus. The reasons for this are complex and often interlinked. HIV/AIDS, which kill more people that any other infectious disease is the fourth leading cause of death world-wide (Wagner 43). However, over %65 of all AIDS cases are in Africa (Frederickson and Kanabus 1) Africa is a continent of contrasts and diversity. Divided nearly in half by the equator, the land is separated into arid desert lands in the north and lush landscapes in the south. The southern region of the continent - known geographically as sub-Saharan Africa - is populated mainly by black Africans who are descendents of indigenous tribes that date back thousands of years. Sub-Saharan Africa is still at the forefront of media and popular conceptions of Africa. When the continent is recognized in the news, the most common image in Western or ?developed? countries is that of impoverished black Africa. This is mostly because of the more sensationalized news items of recent decades have involved civil wars, famines and droughts, extreme deprivation, and the AIDS crisis - all which have plagued sub - Saharan nations. ...read more.

Middle

HIV Is a Man-Made product perspective A number of conspiracy theorists have suggested that AIDS is actually a man-made disease. There is a close correlation between the rise of genetic engineering and mixing of viruses in the early 1970s. This connection persists in the form of the many unprecedented "emerging diseases" caused by "new viruses" that continue up to the present time. The earliest AIDS cases in America can be traced back to the time period when the hepatitis B experiment began at the New York Blood Centre. The inoculations ended in October 1979, less than two years before the official start of the epidemic. Ironically the vaccine was developed in chimpanzees - the primate now thought to contain the "ancestor" virus. There is also a concealed connection between the outbreak of AIDS in Africa and the widespread vaccine programs conducted by the World Health Organization in the 1970's in Central Africa, most notably the smallpox eradication program. In 1987, a London Times science writer Pearce Wright suggested that the smallpox vaccine program could have awakened a "dormant" AIDS virus infection in Africa. Another scientist and doctor by the name of Dr. Boyd E. Graves has suggested that AIDS was the culmination of biowarfare research conducted by the United States Government throughout the 20th century. ...read more.

Conclusion

These estimates are mostly derived from studies in the developed world. In developing countries, particularly those in sub-Saharan Africa, several factors such as circumcision practices, poor acceptance of condoms, and patters of sexual partner selection can increase the likelihood of heterosexual transmission to %20 or even higher (Wagner 124). In almost all of Africa, traditional forms of sex education delivered by older family members have lost their importance. At the same time, there are often strong sanctions against open discussion of sexual matters across adjacent generations. Nor have schools adequately taken up the task. In consequence, young people frequently learn about sex from their peers, and not always accurately. These patterns may be partly a function of gender differences in the devastating effects of HIV on the continent Conclusion The issue of HIV/AIDS in Africa is complex, but most of all; devastating. The perspectives as well as viewpoints on the issue are endless. Many differing opinions and theories exist on the origins, cause, and solutions to the infectious disease. However it is known fact that the exact origins of the virus still remain unknown and many individuals in developing nations are uneducated on the causes, risks, and preventions of the disease. With this lack of information, education, preventative measures, and adequate support from developed countries its no longer a surprise that HIV/AIDS remains the number one cause of death in Africa. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Cairo - Egypt, North Africa.

    There is always someone there in case of an emergency and a degree of security is provided as a result. * Anyone who has to look after the tomb or grave of a family member knows that it is hard to maintain them.

  2. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in the GMS poses a serious health problem with potentially disastrous ...

    Sustainable Development Department, FAO HIV and Development Programme, UNDP June 1998 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ACRONYMS 1. Introduction: Purpose and Scope 2. The interface between the rural institutional environment and HIV 2.1 The rural dimension of HIV 2.2 Rural susceptibility and vulnerability to HIV/AIDS 2.3 Why do

  1. Sao Paulo Research.

    According to the French naturalist Saint-Hilaire, who was visiting the city in that year, Sao Paulo had, then, more than 4000 houses and a population of about 25,000 people. The real urbanization of the city began in the 1870's, stimulated by the impressive industrialization of the first half of the

  2. How does lifestyle contribute to stress? Evaluate recent cross-cultural research.

    Modernisation has occurred among many Samoan groups; by comparing their catecholamine excretion level studies can show the stress outcomes of more modernised environments and lifestyles. The study described below showed how several interrelated factors influenced the stress level in people not just a single causal factor.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work