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WHY WAS THE SITE FOR QUARRY BANK MILL CHOSEN BY SAMUEL GREG?

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Introduction

WHY WAS THE SITE FOR QUARRY BANK MILL CHOSEN BY SAMUEL GREG? Samuel Greg, the son of Thomas Greg and Elizabeth Hyde, was born in Belfast in 1758. Samuel's father was a successful merchant and ship owner. His mother's family were also wealthy and into business. Her brother, Robert Hyde, was a merchant based in Manchester. He imported linen thread from Ireland and used weavers in Lancashire to turn it into cloth. Samuel Greg joined Robert Hyde's company in Manchester being orphaned. In 1780, Greg became a junior partner in his uncle's company. Hyde had left nearly �30,000 for Greg following his death at the time he was just 22. Influenced by Hyde, Greg set out to develop and erect a textile mill of his own. Evidently Samuel Greg had a number of issues which he had to tackle to get the most consistent and financially viable site. His first and foremost point of consideration was to find a location, which had to have an economical, reliable power source. ...read more.

Middle

The land was boggy, swampy, it was impossible for farmers to grow their crops and to generally farm on. Styal was reasonably close to both Manchester and Liverpool, both were in a radius of 30 miles. The Liverpool port was key for the source of his raw materials e.g., cotton via the canal. The high-speed flowing river Bollin provided the pre-eminent element of water power. This linked perfectly and significantly with Arkwright's water frame which, was powered by the river Bollin, halved the time and saved money in vastness. It used water to spin a set of spindles which twisted the fibres firmly together. The 15ft drop (weir) created an adequate force to turn the 32ft waterwheel which created sufficient power to turn the substantial amount of machines via cogs and gears. The headrace carried immense amounts of water which was linked to the weir dam. By seeing the weir first hand shows the actual force of the river. ...read more.

Conclusion

More people demanded cloth which meant supplementary cotton had to be imported. More people had to be employed, more machines were needed which meant more power. He never looked back; he expanded more than just his mill but his opportunity to create an empire of mills. He knew he had made the right choice, it was a risk worth taking. Concluding, I have scrutinized almost every aspect of the reasons behind Samuel Greg's choosing of site. Power source Cheap land Near Manchester/Liverpool The marshy land Greg chose for his mill had to be industrialized to get the optimum results. The river nearby could be easily diverted using the headrace and tail race to turn the Water wheel. The wheel then turned the spindles which conclusively created the woven cloth. The cloth was then sold. As far as employment was concerned people could be 'imported' from other towns, cities, or even countries. The transport was also a minor fact; turnpike roads had a toll but were easily accessible. But getting to Manchester and Liverpool was fairly significant, as a supply of raw materials and allocation. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ammad Iqbal 1 ...read more.

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