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CACHE 3 Childcare learning and development unit1

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

E1 The rights and welfare of a child are central to any practice, and it is necessary to realise that every child is an individual with needs and rights which need to be taken in to consideration when providing care for them. The Children?s Act 1989 states "the child?s welfare is paramount" This means that the setting must focus on the childs rights and the physical and emotional health of the child. They must observe and listen to the child and response to their needs and requests. The childs basic needs to food, warmth and play must be met. The United Nations Convention on Rights of the Child Sets out the childs rights to ,provision eg food and water, participation- to be heard, and protection from abuse. On a practical level in setting meeting these should be by ensuring that the child is in a safe and healthy environment with enough to eat and drink. The child should have the chance to play learn, and is helped to form caring and supportive relationships with the other children and the practitioners. The main aims of a setting in meeting these needs should be set out in a procedure and should be know by all staff, it may be similar to the following............. To meet all children's needs by providing high quality childcare within a warm, friendly, secure and stimulating atmosphere. All children and families will be treated equally regardless of race, gender, ethnicity or disability. We believe in an individual approach, enabling all children to develop and grow at their own pace. Good interaction between Practitioners, parents and children, helps to ensure each child's happiness and stability both at home and in the Childcare Centre. A daily curriculum that is carefully planned for each individual child based on the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) which ensures all children have the opportunity to develop through play. ...read more.

Middle

Self-esteem is needed life-long and we need to remember the important role we play to enhance or damage a child's self-esteem. E6 Its important to know and understand the settings policies on reporting and recording abuse or suspected abuse . If you notice a mark or injury on a child and their explanation seems defensive, unsure or implausible you should query the parents and record this in the accident and injury book. If the explanation provided by the parent is different to that of the child it should be reported to the designated person in the setting. If a child makes a disclosure to you or tells you something which gives you concern, you must reassure the child that they were right to tell you and that you believe them. Listen carefully but do not ask leading questions as it may jeopardise future proceedings. Tell the child that you will help them but do not promise to keep what they have told you a secret but explan that you will need to tell someone who is able to help them. Reasure the child that they are not in trouble but that they have done the right thing. Immediately after fill out a report detailing the time, date, what the child said ( a direct quote not an interpretation) and did and what you said and did. Sign and date the report, if injuries or marks are present draw a diagram noting there size and position. Its very important to keep this information confidentially to protect the child and their family from gossip, but also to safe guard any future court/police proceedings. You should take your report to the designated person in the setting. It is then their job to decide if any further investigation needs to take place. If the case is referred by phone it should be followed up in writing within 48 hour. ...read more.

Conclusion

This method is more effective at improving practice instead of waiting for others to make observations, judge our performance and make suggestions for our improvement. A childcare setting can not remain static, it needs to respond to the needs of the child who use it and the trends in early years education. A system that was effective 10, 5 or even last year may no longer be useful now. The routine of the setting must be adjusted to meet the changing needs of the children. Settings and practitioners must think about the ways in which they work and consider if the layout and routine is allowing all children to be included or if it is creating a barrier for children. Children's responses normally give a good indication of how the adequate the setting is in meeting their needs, behaviour of children is complex and can not be just classified as good or bad. Taking time to think about how the children respond to the setting is important as its an indication if current practices are effect or not. For instance a child that spends his or her time wandering about or looking uncertain may be due to a lack of direction or the feeling of not be included. A group of children that run about the setting may do so as the layout of the setting encourages this or the routine does not provided enough time for physical activity. Observation can be an effective tool to evaluate the practices activities and routines. One member of staff should carry out the observation with the aim clearly in mind eg: How much interaction occurs between the child and adults in the setting. After the observation staff should meet to discuss the observation and where improvements can be made. Observing groups of child across the practice should help practitioners reflect on their practices. A practice can only improve if a team works well together. Reviewing the practice should not be used as a tool to �put the blame� on any individual, but should focus on driving forward quality in the setting. B ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This is a very good essay that looks at how to put into place policies to enhance the opportunities for children and how to ensure they are protected.

It could be enhanced by including examples. There are several parts where an example in context would really develop the writing and depth of understanding. A little more explanation would also raise the level of this essay.

****

Marked by teacher Sam Morran 07/06/2013

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