• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe The Behaviourist Perspective And Say How It Might Relate To Health And Social Care

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe The Behaviourist Perspective And Say How It Might Relate To Health And Social Care (P1) The behavioural approach assumes that all behaviour is learnt and that when we are born we are like a blank slate (tabula rasa). It also assumes that experiences and interactions make us what we are. The idea is that we become what we are as a result of forming stimulus response units of behaviour in reaction to the environment. This perspective has been called environmental determinism; this is because it suggests that the environments that surround us determine who we are. The focus on behaviourism is solely on observable behaviour and that there is no need to look at what goes on in the mind such as: * perception * attention * thinking * memory (etc) There are three contrasting perspectives within behaviourism * Methodological Behaviourism - The view that all perspectives use some behaviourist concepts to explain behaviour. * Radical Behaviourism - The view that all behaviour is learnt (Skinner was a radical behaviourist) * Neo Behaviourism - This is a new development. ...read more.

Middle

The noise scared Albert and he eventually became scared of the rat. Watson and Rayner, proved that an association had been formed between touching the white rat and fear of the noise. This conditioned fear then became generalized to other stimuli such as other fluffy animals and cotton wool. His parents soon became concerned and withdrew their son. This study raises ethical issues and would certainly not have been able to take place in today's society. Watson and Rayner used a theory that was later defined as classical conditioning. This was made famous by Ivan Pavlov in 1927, he was a biologist who, first presented dogs with food and measured their salivatory response. He then began ringing a bell just before presenting the food. After a little while the dog started salivating when the sound of the bell was heard. As far as their immediate physiological responses were concerned, the sound of the bell became equivalent to the presentation of food. The original reflex response, which was the food had been transferred to the new stimulus (the bell). ...read more.

Conclusion

Negative reinforcers provide stronger learning, they are less likely to become extinct than positive reinforcers because motivation to avoid pain is higher than motivation to seek reward. Skinner's most famous experiment aimed at producing a "socialised child". He put scores of children in a crib sized box, including his own. His ultimate aim was not only to control the behaviour of isolated people, but to gain insights into how to control society as a whole. For example at an early age we learn what behaviours get rewarded and what behaviours get punished. Conduct disorders or anti social personality disorders have been explained in operant conditioning. If childhood aggression is rewarded, then that behaviour is likely to be repeated and reinforced again and again. On the other hand behaviours that may appear to be maladaptive to others may be functional or adaptive for the individual. An example of this is anxiety or depression might gain a reward in the form of attention from others. Behaviourism might be able to explain how some behaviours are learnt but it can't explain everything, in these circumstances, other theories might be considered such as social learning theory or the psychodynamic theory. ?? ?? ?? ?? Danielle Lant 28th February, 2008 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Star rating 3
This assignment describes different behaviourist perspectives and briefly their application to health and social care. There is a good introduction which describes what behaviourism is. This is followed by some theoretical content which is not needed to meet the criterion. The assignment then moves on to the content that is required. Reinforcement and conditioning are both considered with reference to Pavlov and Skinner as appropriate. Brief links to the application of each have been made to health and social care practice. This assignment could be improved by removing content that is not needed to meet the criteria, as well as by adding detail to the descriptions of the application of the perspectives. It would have been good to see how this approach ? positive reinforcement, rewards, punishment and behaviour modification ? could be used in an early years' setting. A bibliography would also be useful at the end of the work.

Marked by teacher Jenny Spice 06/06/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain possible priorities and responses when dealing with two particular incidents or emergencies ...

    4 star(s)

    I will be talking about two of these incidents in more detail. One incident that could take place in a hospital setting could include the case of suspected or actual abuse. If this was to occur in a health care setting such as a hospital, the first and main priority

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Equality diversity and rights in health and social care

    3 star(s)

    The findings also outlined clearly the range of effects of harassment and discrimination, and the extent of social exclusion experienced by lesbians and gay men. Discrimination between groups of people who carries the abnormal human sexual in society has affected on those very hard.

  1. Concepts of Good Health. Health can be defined negatively and positively an example of ...

    Most of us think of wellness in terms of illness; we assume that the absence of illness indicates wellness. There are actually many degrees of wellness, just as there are many degrees of illness. The Illness-Wellness Continuum illustrates the relationship of the treatment paradigm to the wellness paradigm.

  2. "My Reflective Experience of an Ethical Dilemma"

    McGuigan (1999) states that it is difficult to predict how patients will react to 'bad news', she suggests that the procedure for news should be slow, this then enables the patient time to absorb information given. I believed that Robert had a right to know and felt that we would

  1. Unit 3- P1- Risks in a health and social care setting

    These can include accidents, contamination, chemical spillage, intruders, missing people etc. Contamination risk Risk from contamination can be from viruses, bacteria, and these are by organisms, and from other substances like chemicals. Bacteria and viruses need nutrients and moisture in order to grow, the conditions for this can found in

  2. Unit 14 - Identifying and treating physiological disorders.

    Symptoms can change and worsen as the disease develops, it can lead to disorientation, changes in personality and behaviour. There is no test?s that can be used to diagnose Alzheimer?s disease, individuals? GP?s would also question about any problems they be experiencing, there is no cure for Alzheimer?s disease, although

  1. Outline current legislation, guidelines policies and procedure within own UK Home Nation affecting the ...

    Physical bullying can be anything that has physical contact between one individual to another and any form of violence or threats. E.g. pushing, kicking, hitting, biting, poking, choking, slapping or pinching. The potential effects on children and young adults that are bullied could be: ? Poor academic achievement.

  2. Unit 8: Psychological Perspectives for Health and Social Care - P2, P3, M2 and ...

    In order to truly show understanding the councillor must first closely listen to what the service users are saying. The councillor also needs to use their own emotions and sensitive to become effective helper to the service users. The councillor also needs to ask probing questions such as ?How does

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work