• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the types of medication prescribed and administrated to individuals and the routes of administration of medicine

Extracts from this document...


Describe the types of medication prescribed and administrated to individuals and the routes of administration of medicine A drug is any substance which, when taken into the body may modify one of its functions. A medicine is a drug that is used in the treatment or prevention of a disease, a example of medication can be parecetomal when a child has got the temperature the parents are always told to give their child parecetomal. A medicine is known to have to names they are the generic name which is the non-proprietary name, this is based on the medicines main ingredient, and the trade or brand name which is the manufacture name. Below are the classifications of medicines from the legislation the Medicines Act (1978). Controlled Drugs (CD): controlled drugs are prescribed by doctors, it is important that they are maintained in a double locked cabinet and a record that is made in the CD register. Prescription only Medicines (POM): these are medicines that are dispensed at on the professional advice and the know how of health care professions i.e. Doctor or a General Practitioner working either in a hospital or based in a surgery. Pharmacy only medicines (P): such medicines can only be handed out by a qualified pharmacist. ...read more.


When doing this the health care worker should write down their name as well as the patients and most importantly they should record down the exact date and time. Below are the different ways of administrating medicine. Solid Dose Oral Formulations: these are either made as tablets or capsules, tablets or capsules may be formulated to slowly release the medicines and so, if released all at once, people must be aware of the fact that it may cause an overdoes. If people crush the tablets than it may have an adverse effect on their health because of the particles that are inhaled. if people do not like taking tablets than an liquid form of medicine is available which can be more expensive. Inhalation: inhalation is a substance in the form of a vapour or gas that is inhaled, especially as a medicine or for its soothing effect. People may use this process when they have respiratory problems such as asthma, it allows the medication within the inhaler to travel through the human body and where it is needed, such as the lungs. Inhalers are available in super markets as well as a health shop or chemist, people that need inhalers can also get them prescribed from the doctors and pharmacists, it is important that people who are asthmatic prove that the inhaler is for them as some people can abuse the medicine. ...read more.


All health care workers should be aware of the fact that they should wear disposable gloves, the normal gloves or latex free gloves. The reason why gloves should be worn when applying the cream on the patient skin is because if the nurse had a cut on her hand then the medication within the cream can attack the cut and can make the infection worse, wearing the disposable gloves also prevents cross-contamination. Transdermally: a Transdermally patch is becoming more common of administration, some examples include Fentanyl patches, Hormone replacement therapy patches and Nicotine replacement patches. The drug within the patch takes time to absorb. Once the medication is absorbed through the skin the medication travels through the bloodstream. When a individual buys the patch there is always a leaflet explaining the side affects of the patch and where you should apply, the most common sites is the chest, upper arms and back of hands, for example people that try to stop smoking buy the nicotine replacement patches, this particular patch is worn on the upper arm, on a clean, dry, hair free skin. Reference: Picture of herbal remedies: http://www.firstscience.com/home/images/stories/articles/herbal1.jpg accessed at 12:05am 10/05/10) Homeopathic medicine; http://www.indigocenter.com/images/homeopathic_medicine_2.jpg accessed at 12:15am 10/05/10) Spacer: https://hvelink.saintlukeshealthsystem.org/library/healthguide/en-us/images/media/medical/hw/h9991159.jpg accessed at 12:25am 10/05/10) Infusion: http://stemcelldoc.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/in-infusion.jpg accessed at 12:40am 10/05/10) ?? ?? ?? ?? BTEC National Diploma Working with Medication in Health and Social Care Nosheen Kauser (P1) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Describe the types of medication prescribed and administered to individuals and the routes of ...

    The elderly, pregnant women and breast feeding women should take these remedies with warning as their maybe side effects. A frequent example of an herbal remedy is St Johns wart which is administered to treat epilepsy and depression. Chinese medicines are administered usually by a medical practitioner of a Chinese background by can be purchased over the counter.


    A cold for instance, could be exorcised by such magic words as: "Depart, cold, son of a cold, thou who breakest the bones, destroyest the skull, makest ill the seven openings of the head!...Go out on the floor, stink, stink, stink!"

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work