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Effectiveness of Drug Treatment Programs.

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Introduction

Jeanne M. Newman Effectiveness of Drug Treatment Programs Sociology 150: Society and Social Issues Prof. Melanie Sinclair, MSW December 8, 2003 In view of the amount of the annual budget that is put into drug treatment each year in America, one would expect that successful outcomes and statistical data can be found to back them up. When I began this project, I anticipated finding definitively which rehabilitation programs were the answer to drug addiction. As I began my research, however, it was obvious that I was not going to be provided with unequivocal answers to the drug abuse problem, revealing what a complex social issue drugs have become. Drug treatment centers are confronted with abusers of many types of drugs. ...read more.

Middle

states that effective treatment is reached when an individual is capable of being a productive citizen and family member. This is measured through the levels of criminal behavior, employability, medical condition, and family functioning (p. 15). Many studies, however, are restricted to the length of stay in treatment to evaluate the success of the program. According to Heinrich and Lynn (2002), drug treatment exists in two major forms in America: residential and outpatient. Within these groups, there are important differences. Residential treatment is divided into to categories: long-term and short-term. Outpatient treatment includes drug-free and drug substitute programs. Long-term residential treatment is considered anything over six months in a rehabilitation facility. For the first thirty days, patients are immersed in the treatment program. ...read more.

Conclusion

Drug substitutes are used often times in these treatments. The two drugs that are utilized to wean opiate (especially heroin) users off of their dependancy are methadone and LAAM (Levo-alpha-acetylmethadol) (Bellenir 1996) . Methadone was developed in 1965 to replace the often dangerous act of injecting heroin. This treatment can be used for anywhere from 6 months to many years. McLellan et al. (1993) studied three groups of patients receiving the same dose of methadone. The first group received only the methadone treatment. The second group received weekly counseling in addition to methadone. The third group received the methadone, counseling, and on-site medical care. Results indicated that 69% of the methadone only group continued substance abuse. The group who also received counseling showed a 50% reduction in drug use. The third group, which received additional medical care, showed the most improvement at 81% reduction (p.1958). ?? ?? ?? ?? Drug Treatment Effectiveness Drug Treatment Effectiveness ...read more.

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