influences of genetic, environment and socio economic factors on the development of the individual
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Lifespan Development Assignment describing the influences of genetic, environment and socio economic factors on the development of the individual. There are lots of factors that can influence development, for good and bad. The environment around us can affect our development. So can socio economic factors. Genetic factors can influence development also. I will be exploring these in my essay. Each individual will be affected differently by influences on development. Some will be affected more, some will be affected less. Genetics Down's Syndrome Down's syndrome affects one in 1,000 babies born. Down's syndrome occurs when there is one extra chromosome present in the gene makeup. Down's syndrome is the most common chromosomal disorder, and one of the most common causes of learning difficulties. Some are more severely affected than others. It is not known why Down's syndrome happens. Women born with Down's syndrome will generally have a shorter lifespan then men. (This is the opposite to people not born with Down's syndrome) There is no cure for Down's syndrome but a range of support and treatment is available to improve the quality of their life. With treatment and support the average lifespan of someone with Down's syndrome is about sixty years. Physically, babies will look slightly different to other babies - e.g. Their eyes may slant upwards and outwards, and the back of their head may be unusually flat (Called brachycephaly) There may also be yellow or white speckling around the rim of the iris, these are (Called Brushfield spots). Babies born with Down's syndrome usually weigh less than average at birth and are usually sorter as adults. Also around 40% of babies with Down's syndrome will have a form of congenital heart defect. Surgery can correct this. Intellectually - people with Down's syndrome have the same abilities to learn as others, just slightly slower. Most children with Down's syndrome learn to talk, walk and write.
The term undernourishment means a person is not eating enough, or not eating a balanced diet. Poverty is the main cause for undernourishment. This is because people in these situations are too poor to buy food, or to buy land to grow food. Other factors that can cause undernourishment would be if there was a war or an extreme change in climate. This could cause drastic food shortages or starvation. Another thing that could lead to undernourishment is if there is a shortage of certain types of foods - this could lead to deficiency diseases. How much money a person earns seems to determine their place in society. People who don't have much money may live on council estates, sometimes receive benefits, and cannot buy anything new or go on holiday. If people cannot spend on themselves, it can bring them down and make them depressed. Especially looking at all the things they want to buy, and seeing people that can buy them. If people cannot go on holiday, they may become stressed out, and not be able to have a proper break. In extreme circumstances this could lead to a mental breakdown. When people do have a lot of money, they generally own big properties. They can afford new things and to go on holiday. They can afford expensive entertainment - such as the theatre and nice restaurants. It may be difficult for people with little money, especially in children and adolescents, because due to peer pressure, the other peers might not think they're 'cool' because they're not wearing trendy clothes. Also people with little money wouldn't be able to afford things others may take for granted. Such as buying food out, or going to the cinema or going to the gym/swimming pool. If people do not have access to the gym, they may become obese. Also people with low income wouldn't be able to spend a lot of money on food.
This could be because you're a male, and you're particularly camp, or spend all your time with females. There is a stereotype of how males should be, they could be discriminated against for acting how typically a female should act. Same goes for a female acting how a male should typically act. Another way people get discriminated against is in work - men sometimes get paid more then women - even though they do the same job. Also in-direct discrimination, a person might not be able to get a job because the interviewer would prefer a member of the opposite sex for the position. Prejudices about roles. For example - Toys given to children (guns for boys, dolls for girls) Another example is how much alcohol men and women can drink - it is said that men can drink more. Also women bear children - so they will be out of work for some time. They might not be able to go back to the same job. There is also the stereotypical roles of women - working in the kitchen, in the home and mothering. Whereas for men that they go out to work. Education How educated people get, what grades they get, and how high up in education they go can determine how far up society (work wise) they can go. If a person is very well educated then they can get a well paid job. If someone has never managed to get any education (where they lived or they had a teenage pregnancy etc.) they may not be able to get a job at all. If they do it would probably be minimum wage. Although, there are lots of opportunities now for people to get back into education, if they missed the opportunity when they were young. They also don't have to pay if they are on benefits, or receiving low income. Any age can go into education. There are also lots of opportunities for people with learning difficulties. These opportunities boost peoples self esteem. ?? ?? ?? ?? Michelle Holmes 9500114066 1
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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay
This is an example of how to get sidetracked in writing an essay of factors that affect development. The writer has covered many different factors, some in great detail but they have lost the focus of the essay. They often fail to discuss how the factor impacts on development.
To enhance the essay, it is necessary to discuss how it helps or hinders normal development patterns. Discussing PIES would also help increase the grades in this work.
Marked by teacher Sam Morran 24/10/2013
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