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M1- Discuss the nature-nurture debate in relation to the development of an individual

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M.Daley Omi Chowdhury Unit 4- development through the life stages M1- Discuss the nature-nurture debate in relation to the development of an individual In this assignment I will be discussing the nature-nurture debate in relation to the development of an individual. The nature vs. nurture debate has been around for many centuries which argues about the role of heredity and environment in human development. Theorists have argued that all humans are born with instincts which we have throughout life. However, other theorists have argued that the way we have been brought up, the culture and environment around us are extremely influential in what defines our personality traits and characteristics. In the diagram below I have tried to separate and show the differences as to what nature and nurture is. Story of individual and analysis. Childhood Physical development Throughout Shakz?s life, he has experienced a variety of genetic and environmental influences. As a child, his mother used to drop him off to his primary school. Shakz has dark brown curly tufts of hair, blue eyes and caramel complexion, these are all several factors of nature as it is traits that have been passed down to him. His father used to take him to the park early morning, every weekend to do jogging and play a round of football. This is a nurture factor as he has been taught to play football. However, this factor can also be of nature as he comes from an athletic and energetic family, he may have inherited the genes for being an athletic individual. ...read more.


In this assignment I will evaluate how nature and nurture and affect the holistic development of two stages of the development of an individual. For this criterion, I will be looking at the stages of childhood and adolescence. Nature factors of Physical development in childhood All children go through a stage where they learn key skills that will be essential in everyday life such as communication skills, writing and speaking skills and is the vital stage in which children develop physically. However, this can be altered when children are born with abnormalities or diseases that can affect them physically. For example individuals who have Down syndrome. Having Down syndrome can affect an individual physically. For example, having upwards slanted eyes, small mouth and hands and usually gaps between their big toe and other toes. Nature factors of intellectual development in childhood A child who is born with disabilities which can have an effect on their intellectual development such as having Down syndrome. This disorder can affect the child?s learning abilities as it takes individuals with Down syndrome time to process information, have a poor sense of judgement and are slow learners they also have a short attention span and some may even have dementia. This will affect the child?s intellectual needs and may need to take a step-by-step approach. Nature factors of emotional development in childhood The child having all these types of problems the child faces whether physical or emotional can have an effect on their emotional development. ...read more.


Asperger?s syndrome is a part of spectrum of autism in which individuals have difficulties communicating and understand other?s emotions as you would physically have to tell them that you are happy or upset, some with this disorder feel pain when getting or giving eye-contact. Nurture factors of Physical development in adolescence There are several affects that may occur in regards to the environment that young people are around. Individuals may be passive smoking as they are around family or friends that smoke or take drugs Nurture factors of intellectual development in adolescence There are many negative aspects that may affect the individuals? intellect. For example, smoking cannabis has an effect on the smoker as chemicals are carried to the brain and in the blood stream. ?Someone who smokes cannabis every day may be functioning at a suboptimal intellectual level all of the time?. http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/marijuana Nurture factors of emotional development in adolescence Smoking cannabis may have a toll on the emotional development of the individual who is smoking. For example, one of the effects of smoking cannabis is that the smoker has vigorous mood-swings; they may be happy one minute and depressed the next. However, some individuals may become reliant on smoking drugs or drinking alcohol. Nurture factors of social development in adolescence The nurture factors that may affect the social development For example, peer-pressure may influence them in to smoking or taking drugs. They may want to fit so they will end up copying what everyone else is doing around them. However, there are long-term effects that may occur when smoking or taking drugs such as respiratory diseases, coronary heart disease or even cancer. ...read more.

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