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M2 - explain the specific communication needs patient/service users may have that requires support, including the use of technology.

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Introduction

In this assignment I am going to explain the specific communication needs patient/service users may have that requires support, including the use of technology. The first illness I am going to explain is Alzheimer's disease: Alzheimer's Alzheimer's is a progressive form of presenile dementia which often starts in the 40's or 50's. (Google Web Definition 2008 Online) Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of "dementia". The word "dementia" is used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and conditions. Alzheimer's is a progresive disease, this means that over time more parts of the brain will become damaged. (BBC 2000 Online) There is no one definate factor that has caused Alzheimer's disease, its built up of a combination of factors, such as ; age, genetic inheritance, environmental factors, diet and general health. The communication needs of someone with Alzheimer's is that they need someone to listen to what they are trying to say, a family member might know what they are trying to say and finish their sentence but it must be horrible for the person with alzheimer's if their family member gets it wrong. The communication problems of someone with Alzheimer's is memory loss, they will also experience an inability or difficulty in finding the ...read more.

Middle

People with alzheimers can still use technology to communciate because they can use texting on mobile phones. The second illness I am going to explain is autism: Autism Autism is a brain disorder that impairs social interaction and communication, and causes restricted and repetitive behaviour. Autism is a brain disorder that starts in early childhood and persists throughout adulthood. Autism affects three major areas of development such as; verbal/non-verbal communication, social interaction and creative/imaginative play. Autism is normally diagnosed around three years old. People who suffer from autism can also develop epilepsy (brain disorder that causes seizures). Most autistic individuals live a normal life span but require lifelong care and supervision. (BUPA 2007 Online) In 1943 it was thought that autism was caused by poor parenting. Although this is false it is thought that genetics play a part. Autism is thought to be associated with other chromosomal abnormalities and that complicated births such as; difficult pregnancies, labour and delivery can also contribute to the disorder. Autism is more common in identical twins. The communication needs of someone with autism depend upon the intellectual and social development of the individual; some may not be able to communicate with others at all where as some autistic individuals can delve into an in-depth conversation about topics of interest. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sensory rooms are another form of technology that is used by autistics but it's not only autistics that can use a sensory room. A sensory room is a normal room but with specific sensory equipment and activities to that person. (Sensory Room Online) Use of technology Deaf people have a wide range of technology to help them along in everyday life. "Alerting devices" is a term used for describing gadgets that can signal your attention and indicate the presence of sounds in the environment through one of three ways; providing a louder sound (for those hard of hearing), a light flash or a tactile vibration. The types of technology you can get for Deaf people are; alarm clocks with either flashers, strobes or with flash and vibration. Door beacons (small strobe light flashes to show someone is at the door), smoke detector with strobe light (can be hooked to a bed vibrator) and a super phone ringer (loud ring for those hard of hearing). Other types of technology are assistive listening devices such as; texting on mobile phones, typetalk (allows Deaf and hearing people to communicate on the phone via an operator) and webcams (Deaf people can still communicate using BSL with one another and also they can see each others facial expressions). Cochlear implants and hearing aids are another sign of technology. ...read more.

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