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Motivation. The content of this essay will show my understanding on Motivation covering different aspect on this subject; however, due to Motivation being a wide subject and the limitation of words, the essay will touch some aspects and theories of this t

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Introduction

Motivation The content of this essay will show my understanding on Motivation covering different aspect on this subject; however, due to Motivation being a wide subject and the limitation of words, the essay will touch some aspects and theories of this topic including the hierarchy of human needs described by Abraham Maslow. Psychologically speaking motivation refers to the initiation, direction, intensity and persistence of behaviour. (Gross, R. 2005). Motivation studies the pushes and prods (biological, social and psychological) which defeat laziness and move individuals, enthusiastically or reluctantly to achieve a goal. (Gross, R. 2005) At the same time it can be seen as the stage of having the desire and willingness to do or be something. (Wikipedia, 19th November 2006) Most of the people can choose whether or not to at on their desire, even force themselves to decline what they desire and possibly make themselves do what they would rather not to. (Fredrickson, B. et al 2003) Maybe individuals can deliberately choose not to think about the wishes that they refuse to act on, but it is by a long way more difficult, perhaps impossible to control motivations directly. ...read more.

Middle

(Gross, R. 2005) Those deficiency needs are associated with physiological needs such as, hunger, thirst. Mostly depends on external objects or individuals, where the preservation of the individual is one of the principal objectives and as a result, key point in the preservation of its health. (Oliver, R. 1995) Whereas, the top level is called growth needs or B-motives associated with psychological needs such as, curiosity. Those needs are met by individual's own seek and there are often, independent or external factors. (Lecture notes. 16th October 2006) While deficiency needs must be met, growth needs are frequently shaping behaviour. Basically, the higher needs in this hierarchy only come into focus once all the needs that are lower down in the pyramid have been mainly or entirely satisfied. (Oliver, R. 1995) For Maslow these basic needs are ordered from bottom to top as follow: Physiological needs are biological needs for instance, oxygen, food, water and a relatively constant body temperature. Once all this needs are satisfied and are no more controlling behaviours or thoughts, is when the safe needs are activated. People have the need to feel secure and safe or out of danger. ...read more.

Conclusion

In any occasion what happens with elderly people is that they loose the thought of being useful. Examples include ideas about the quality of life - a patient with a terminal prognosis might value a life free from medical intervention more, than a chance for living longer. Motivation requires a goal and when the person itself can not find the goal, health professionals can suggest a goal. Patients with chronic disease may want to die or even kill themselves by refusing any type of treatment. A patient suffering from depression may see this as away out of its suffering. Depression could be defined as a lack of motivation and some patients may find ideas about causes and treatment. Health professionals are to show people that controls are good, and complete abandon is bad. It takes control to improve the quality of life in all areas. Once motivation is established does not last if it is not repeated, it requires recognition. In health care people must be accepted as the person that it is and help the person learn their inner nature, seeing that the person's basic needs for life are satisfied. ...read more.

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