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Patient case study-Gasto enteritis

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In this essay I will write about a patient who is suffering from gastro enteritis. Gastro Enteritis is a stomach/ bowel infection that causes diarrhoea and vomiting. It is caused by a virus and is normally mild therefore the symptoms will clear in a matter of a few days; it is usually a highly infectious and is basically like food poisoning or a stomach flu. The symptoms of Gastro Enteritis are Vomiting, Thirst, abdominal pain, Lethargic, Pyretic, in babies the fontanelle can sink in to the head slightly, mild fever and when the patient dehydrates due to the effects of vomiting and diarrhoea the symptoms would be; tiredness, apathy (disorientation), slight dizziness, nausea, headaches a dry mouth, sunken eyes, lack of urination and/or a rapid heartbeat. Gastro enteritis can be treated by a good amount of fluid replacement and a healthy diet; also it is important to always wash hand before preparing food and utensils, a minor part of the treatment just general hygiene. There are also various ways of treating the patient depending on the actual symptoms e.g., diarrhoea, you should stop food for at least four to five hours and give the patient small amounts of oral fluids to rehydrate them frequently etc. Dioralyte is a common medicine used for this type of illness as when it is tolerated it stops the vomiting. I will discuss a variety of subjects that relate to the patients health and general everyday life. ...read more.


to work in the United Kingdom, and also her husband will not allow this, so therfore she spends a lot of time with her family. The NMC states that 'As a registered nurse, or midwife or specialist community public health nurse, you must obtain consent before you give any treatment or care' also that 'As a registered nurse or specialist community public health nurse you must respect the patient or client as an individual' therefore it is important that we provide the right standards of care for each patient as an individual regardless of their race, culture or religion. Research shows that gastro enteritis is a very common problem especially in countries such as Pakistan; my client was born In Pakistan and migrated to England at the age of eleven. Research also shows that Gastro enteritis outbreaks have increased since 2002 and 2003 and this was found after monitoring a few hospitals in the U.K, Research also shows that 'A total of 2,154 patients (2.21 cases/1,000-hospital-days) and 1,360 healthcare staff (0.47 cases/1,000-hospital-days) were affected in 227 unit outbreaks (1.33 outbreaks/unit-year)'. Muslims believe that anything that promotes healthy eating etc is of an advantage to them so therefore are emphasized for their nutritious quality. However they also have certain beliefs towards medication and some may completely reject medicine. My client's feeds are supported by a PEG tube (percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy) which means that extra care should be taken toward hand washing and sterilising the utensils used during the feed as this is going directly in to her stomach so there is more risk of an immediate infection. ...read more.


One of the main subjects discussed are hand hygiene and it is widely acknowledged in my placement area and believed to reduce the spread of disease, therefore there are bottles of alcohol-gel situated outside each patient's room, also a sink in patient's room and a diagram that demonstrates the correct ways of hand washing. The policy encourages each member of staff and also visiters to wash their hands or use alcho-gel in order to keep everything infection and germ free. Nurses should also be wearing white disposable aprons when in contact with clinical practice or a patient and also gloves. When bathing my client gloves arent worn as this may offend the patient, the client is bed bathed as she is not able to mobilize herself due to being disabled. The muslim religion encourages hygiene and cleanliness, so therefore no matter what the age of the patient, their rooms should be cleaned everyday and so should they, Sky is bed bathed everyday and also treated with whatever medicines she may need and due to having excema she is massaged with the prescribed medicines, she also has her bed sheets changed everyday and her bed cleaned everyday as she easily defecates herself, although she wears a nappy, and due to her suffering from gastroenteritis she is suffering from diahorrea and sickness. Sky is on a PEG feed and therfore is more prone to vomiting than a lot of other patients. Sky's parents visit regularly so take a great part in encouraging cleanliness etc. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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