• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Prior to the construction of the national health sevice, rich could afford to see gps, poor couldn't if they were ill they wou

Extracts from this document...


Prior to the construction of the National Health Service only the wealthy groups in society could afford to visit and to receive treatment from a General Practitioner (G.P). If a poor person became ill they would be cared for in the home by women, using herbal remedies and knowledge passed on through generations. If this was not available the last resort would be to go to the workhouse to work and in return would receive minimal food and the barest accommodation, they would receive no medical treatments and would eventually die. Workhouses became notorious for their bad treatment of people; they were being punished for their situation, not given help or support. After the wars during the 20th century many men were unfit for work and had poor health, so poverty was widespread which in turn lead to poor housing conditions and health. The government was under pressure to accept responsibility for the health and welfare of it citizens. In 1942 the wartime government of the day produced the Beveridge Report, which identified five 'great social evils' - ignorance, idleness, want, squalor and disease. Its main recommendations to eradicate these problems were: * Universal secondary education to eradicate widespread 'ignorance' (or poor education) * Full employment to deal with 'idleness' (or unemployment) ...read more.


Housing - low incomes can cause people to live in poor condition housing. Damp houses can cause asthma and recurring chest infections. Overcrowding can also cause inadequate hygiene levels and psychological stress. Gender - On average women live five years longer than men but visit their G.P more often than men. Men are more likely than women to have physical manual jobs and take more risks in life, leading to accidents. Ethnic Groups - life expectancy in ethnic groups is generally shorter than the rest of the population. Different groups tend to have specific problems. Those originating from India have higher than average rates of tuberculosis and coronary heart disease. Some diseases are mainly confined to certain groups, e.g. Afro Caribbean suffer from sickle cell anaemia and Asians can suffer from rickets. Geographical differences - People who live in deprived areas are more likely to suffer ill health than those living in richer areas. Also not all health services are available in all regions, sometimes this is determined by the person's postcode, this has been called 'the post code lottery'. Waiting lists for treatment in different areas also can vary. In l998 a report was carried out by Sir Donald Acheson based on the 'independent inquiry into the inequalities in health'. ...read more.


Some G.Ps do not refer patients over the age of 65 to have a consultation with a specialist. If someone is referred they will have a needs assessment, which would consist of what pain they are in, how the complaint restricts their life and how beneficial the procedure would be for them. For example if two people needed the same treatment the person who would gain the most life years at the best quality would be treated. This is known as rationing. If the decision was yes the person would go on a waiting list, and there is no guarantee for how long this would be, as often more simple procedures are carried out first due to pressures of meeting waiting list targets. The NHS has helped to improve the nation's health, with the increase in lifestyle diseases, the ageing population, advances in technology and medicine. The cost of maintaining a free for all service is constantly rising. People do not want to pay more taxes to fund the NHS, so it is likely there will be a continuous increase in privatisation. In the future a means tested healthcare system or the need for private medical insurance for those who can afford it may develop, which would be against the NHS original values, and the aim of providing free healthcare for all. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Free essay

    Theories of ageing p5

    Eczema is an itchy inflammation of the skin associated to a varying degree with other features such as: redness of affected areas of skin. Generally dry skin which is often thickened in the areas that have been scratched and lumps or blisters in affected areas.

  2. Communicable and Non-Communicable Disease: Tuberculosis and Cystic Fibrosis

    More than a thousand different defects are known, and other genes may also play their part in determining the extent to which an individual suffers from the various symptoms of the disease.48 In line with this, lifestyle choices such as diet, exercise and smoking do not govern whether or not

  1. Research In Clinical Practise

    and reliability is the degree of consistency or accuracy with which an instrument measures the attribute investigated (Cormack, 2000). From the information gained, neither study can be proven valid or reliable. Discussion & Conclusions Cormack (2000) recommends that conclusions be supported by the results obtained and that implications of the study be identified.

  2. Promoting Good Health and The effects of ill health on the quality of an ...

    So from my set of results I have found out that most people: * Enjoy being with my family and friends * Living a long life * Being the right weight for my height * Having clear skin, bright eyes and shiny hair * Not having a serous illness The

  1. 'The essence of a satisfactory health service is that the rich and poor are ...

    The majority of this essay will refer to relative gaps in health care and health; however, it is important to note that absolute rates of mortality and morbidity rates have fallen dramatically over the last fifty years. The British National Health Service (NHS)

  2. Suicide and the Predictions of Suicide.

    A history of fewer adolescent friendships discriminated the suicide group as well. The cycling of mood during the index episode is the only affective subtype significantly associated with suicide. Age and sex did not differentiate the groups, but a slight higher rate in suicide for never married people was detected in this study, but not for other marital statuses.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work