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This report will contain information on lung cancer and MRSA and how these two diseases are controlled and prevented in England.

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Introduction

´╗┐Public Health D2 Natasha Sweeney 1K My two chosen diseases, Lung cancer and MRSA? This report will contain information on lung cancer and MRSA and how these two diseases are controlled and prevented in England. Lung cancer is a major health problem and the leading cause of cancer death worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. MRSA is not an aggressive disease but has become hard to control through the years because of its resistant to antibiotics. This report will show the effectiveness of the programmes that are put into place in order to prevent and control the diseases. Lung Cancer? Lung cancer is the name of a disease that happens when cells uncontrollably grow in the tissues of the lung. If the disease is not treated straight away it can spread in to other parts of the body. The main cause of lung cancer is caused by smoking which causes between 80 to 90 per cent of lung cancers and up to 15 per cent of lung cancers can be caused by several factors such as genetics, asbestos, air pollution and second hand smoke. The most cost effective way of justifying lung cancer is prevention. ...read more.

Middle

Treatments normally consist of palliative care, radiotherapy, surgery and chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is used commonly to treat metastatic and advanced lung cancer. The usual combinations of chemotherapies that are used for lung cancer are cisplatin + paclitaxel, cisplatin + docetaxel, carboplatin + paclitaxel and cisplatin and gemcitabine. These are the usual mixtures used for the first treatment of lung cancer.http://www.livestrong.com/article/75424-statistical-effectiveness-chemotherapy-treatment-lung/#ixzz2HTTvX4D5 Evidence suggests that none of these combinations are ant better than the other. Using cytotoxic agents to treat lung cancer is suggested to be effective and could lengthen a person?s life to extra five years depending on how advanced the cancer is. Advanced lung cancer will have Lung cancer patients treated with cytotoxic agents have a 5-year survival rate of 5 per cent to 50 per cent depending on stage of lung cancer at diagnosis. The lowest survival rate is among patients with advanced or metastatic lung cancer a lower rate of surviving. A treatment used for advanced lung cancer that has no cytotoxic agents in is suggested to be ineffective. Patients suffering from advanced lung cancer that have chemotherapy with cytotoxic agents in, will live up to ten months according to http://www.livestrong.com/article/75424-statistical-effectiveness-chemotherapy-treatment-lung/#ixzz2HTUR8QNN MRSA? MRSA is a bacterial infection that has become resistant to many antibiotics over the years such as penicillin, and because of this it has become more difficult to control than any other bacterial infection. ...read more.

Conclusion

Reports show that MRSA infection rate have fallen compared to four years ago. The number of MRSA infections is said to be more than halved and this is all down to improved hand washing, screening of people who attend hospitals, deep cleaning of the wards and better infection control between the staff in hospitals and care settings. Conclusion? This report shows that the screening and prevention for lung cancer such as screening and the smoking campaigns have proven to be effective although it will take a few more years yet to actually see what the effects are on preventing cancer and lung disease. Secondly this report also shows that, MRSA is a bacterial infection that is very hard to control, not because it is aggressive but because of it being resistant to several antibiotics however it also shows that the prevention and control system that is put in place has been effective enough to bring down the infection by half the amount from four years ago. I also believe that by making the people more aware of the illness by using adverts, leaflets and posters and even teaching young children how important it is to have a good standard of hygiene when visiting care homes and hospitals, this would bring down the infection rate even more. ...read more.

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