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Unit 14 - Physiological disorders Bipolar project

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Introduction

´╗┐Fraya fox-hardie Unit 14 physiological disorders Bipolar disorder Contents PAGE 3 - Explain the nature of two named physiological disorders PAGES 4 -6 Explain the signs and symptoms related to two named physiological disorders PAGE 7 - Describe the investigations that are carried out to enable the diagnosis of these physiological disorders PAGES 8 - 9 Assess possible difficulties involved in the diagnosis of the disorders from their signs and symptoms PAGE 10 -12 Plan a care pathway for each physiological disorder including the roles of relevant practitioners PAGE 13 - Discuss how practitioners and agencies involves in the care pathways work together to provide the care needed for both physiological disorders PAGE 14 - Evaluate the effectiveness of health and social care practitioners and agencies working together to deliver the care pathway for one of the chosen disorders PAGE 14 -17 - Explain the care strategies that can be used to support individuals with each of the physiological disorders PAGE 14 - 17 - Discuss the care strategies that can be used to support individuals with each of the physiological disorders PAGE 14 -17 Evaluate the care strategies that can be used to support an individual with one of the chosen physiological disorders Nature and causes Bipolar is a disorder that makes the patient experience mood swings from periods of being overactive, excited behaviour which is known as mania to deep depression between the lows and highs there can be stable moods. Although sometimes people with the disorder may experience visual or auditory hallucinations such as hearing voices or having strange unshared beliefs. Everybody experiences mood swings in life but with bipolar they are from one extreme to the other. About 2 percent of the population is diagnosed with bipolar disorder; it is usually the same amount of men as women who are diagnosed. People are usually diagnosed in their 20?s and 30?s although many teenagers are affected as well. ...read more.

Middle

For instance, to present ?rapid-cycling? bipolar disorder, a person needs to experience only four shifts of mood, from high to low or low to high, in a 12-month period. Many people with ADHD experience that many mood shifts in a single day. 6. Family history: Both disorders run in families, but individuals with ADHD almost always have a family tree with multiple cases of ADHD. Those with bipolar mood disorder are likely to have fewer genetic connections. Bipolar disorder can be confused with other disorders, including a variety of anxiety disorders and psychotic disorders (such as schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder). This is because anxiety and psychotic symptoms often occur during the course of bipolar disorder. Individuals with bipolar disorder also frequently suffer from psychiatric disorders that are "co morbid" with (are present in addition to) the bipolar illness. The most common of these co morbid conditions are substance abuse disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder, and panic disorder. An example of a care pathway put in place for an individual with bipolar disorder ________________ The care plan explained. In this care plan it goes through the diagnosis of a person who may be suffering with bipolar mood disorder. It starts by assessing the age of the patient to know who to refer them to weather they need CAMHS or a psychiatrist. They then go on to determine what type of bipolar the person is suffering with in order to start the correct treatment. This can take time because of all the assessments that have to be taken. They then go on to determine if medication or therapy or a mixture of the two is necessary or even hospital admission through voluntary or section. The main psychiatrist involved will then have to get the correct balance of the medications and therapies to sustain the illness. Care plan for bipolar disorder A care pathway is a complex intervention for the mutual decision making and organisation of care processes for a well-defined group of patients during a well-defined period. ...read more.

Conclusion

Researchers also believe that the newer antipsychotic medications have mood stabilizing properties, and may help control depression and mania. Antipsychotic medications are therefore often added to mood stabilizers to improve the response in patients who have never had psychotic symptoms. Examples of this medication are: 1. Olanzapine (Zyprexa) 2. Quetiapine (Seroqeul/Seroquel) 3. Risperidone (Risperdal) 4. Clozapine (Clozaril) Sleeping tablets Sleeping tablets help when a person is in a high mood and prevents them from sleeping because of all the racing thoughts. Some people suffering with the illness may not need all these different types of medication but may only need one type to keep their symptoms in control. Hospital administration or being sectioned Many patients with bipolar disorder are hospitalized at some point in the course of the illness. Because acute mania affects insight and judgment, individuals with mania are often hospitalized over their objections, which can be upsetting for both patients and their loved ones. However, most individuals with mania are grateful for the help they received during the acute episode, even if it was given against their will at the time. Hospitalization should be considered under the following circumstances: 1. When safety is a question due to suicidal, homicidal, or aggressive impulses or actions 2. When severe distress or dysfunction requires round-the-clock care and support(which is difficult, if not impossible, for any family to sustain for a long period of time) 3. Where there is ongoing substance abuse, to prevent access to drugs 4. When the patient has an unstable medical condition 5. When close observation of the patient's reaction to medications is required Cognitive behavioural therapy Cognitive therapy focuses on identifying and changing the pessimistic thoughts and beliefs that can lead to depression it also focuses on behaviours that can increase or decrease stress and ways to increase pleasurable experiences that may help improve depressive symptoms. Conclusion In this assignment I have understood more about the condition and the different types of medications and therapies available to a person who is suffering with bipolar mood disorder. Reference http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Bipolar-disorder/Pages/MapofMedicinepage.aspx http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Bipolar-disorder/Pages/Introduction.aspx http://www.mind.org.uk/help/diagnoses_and_conditions/bipolar_disorder_manic_depression?gclid=CKCCr4348q4CFdISfAodwHUpNA ...read more.

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