• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

“The 1948 Berlin Crisis was the most crucial event in the development of the Cold War between 1945 and 1955.” How far do you agree with this statement?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"The 1948 Berlin Crisis was the most crucial event in the development of the Cold War between 1945 and 1955." How far do you agree with this statement? The Berlin Crisis was a very important event in the Cold War but there were many things that led up to this event and happened as a result of this that are very important also. In March 1947, Truman, the new president of USA, expressed his hatred towards communism. At the time, communism was spreading rapidly and was now threatening Greece and Turkey. Truman made it very clear in his speech that he would any country that was under threat from communism. The communist east thought this action was made to violate the United Nations and thought that Truman wanted to, in effect, own the UN. In June that year, Marshall came up with a $15 billion package that would help both Eastern and Western Europe recovery from the money it spent during the War. ...read more.

Middle

The blockade involved blocking land routes. The Western powers decided not to let Stalin take control of West Berlin, partly for the reason just stated above. They took a gamble and tried flying supplies into Berlin. The gamble paid off and Berlin was well supplied in everything it needed. After 318 days, Stalin eventually backed down and West Germany stayed out of communist rule. Now Germany had split into two parts. The West, under Western control, was now called the Federal Republic of Germany. It had a new currency and life was looking up. The Russians thought that the West was trying to let Nazism relive by giving them the new currency. The West however, was poor under the communist rule. Life was very bad there and there was lots of poverty and starvation. Eastern Germany was now called the German Democratic Republic although it wasn't very democratic. In 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation was set up. It was an agreement by Western Europe that they would defend each other in times of attack. ...read more.

Conclusion

This event particularly made the Americans determined to resist the spread of communism in Southeast Asia. (E.g. Korea and Vietnam) In 1950, the communists in North Korea invaded the south (Korea had been divided into a Communist North and Capitalist South). North Korean troops quickly pushed the South Koreans to the southeast corner of their territory. The United Nations Security Council voted to send an army to Korea to fight the Communists. At the time, the Russia were boycotting the UN in the protest against the UN's refusal to recognise the communist government of China. If they were present, they could have vetoed the decision. So, a large army, led by MacArthur, pushed the North Koreans back to the Chinese border. China then joined in on the North Korean's side. MacArthur suggested a nuclear strike. Truman saw the possible effects of the strike and so duly sacked MacAthur. He then made peace and Korea remained divided as it was. Looking at this evidence, it is fair to say that the Berlin Crisis was an important part of the Cold War but it definitely wasn't the only important part or the only factor of the Cold War. Anthony Cowan ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Surely if the Atlantic Charter signified anything, it required defending the right of the Polish people to determine their own destiny. The presence of 7 million Polish-American voters offered a constant, if unnecessary, reminder that such issues of self-determination could not be dismissed lightly.

  2. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    Although the monopoly of the USA's atomic weapon was broken in 1949, the US government could feel themselves sure while USSR had no aircraft or rackets which could bring nuclear weapon from one place to another. Americans were shocked when in 1957 USSR have launched satellite to the near-earth orbit.[1,

  1. Gorbachev(TM)s reforms and policies, which were intended originally to strengthen the Soviet system, eventually ...

    This undermined the faith of the public in the Soviet system and eroded the Communist Party's social power base, threatening the identity and integrity of the Soviet Union itself. Moreover, his policy of economic reform did not have the immediate results he had hoped for and had publicly predicted.

  2. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    Within Europe, the Marshall Plan required the formation of Europe-wide organizations, leading eventually to the Common Market. Toward the USSR, the basic American policy was that known as containment: building "situations of strength" around its vast perimeter to prevent the outward spread of communism.

  1. What were the causes and consequences of the berlin crisis 1948?

    military aid)." This policy meant that America was prepared to send money, equipment and advice to any country which America considered to be under threat from a Communist takeover. The Marshall Plan, to a certain extent, was the economic extension of the Truman Doctrine.

  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis and the blockade

    Because of this idea, many supporters of the diplomatic solution changed their vote to the blockade idea.xvii The main disadvantage of the blockade option was the word blockade itself. In the past, a blockade had always been seen as an aggressive act in terms of the rules of engagement, and

  1. To judge whether or not the cold war was getting hot one has a ...

    On 24 June 1949 the Soviet blockaded Berlin in attempt to isolate West Berlin, as an island surrounded by the East. Stalin's plan was to force the Western allies to leave Berlin. He hoped that the allies- especially the United States- were forced to break their promises to West Berlin,

  2. A Study of Air Supremacy in the Korean War.

    until the end of the war since each REMCO station was more than capable of supporting two or three wings. Not only was it economical, it gave a distinct advantage over the opposition, which lacked an equivalent maintenance capability. In effect, it was a force multiplier.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work