• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the impact Stalin had on Russia and on the Russian people.

Extracts from this document...


Assess the impact Stalin had on Russia and on the Russian people. Stalin came into power very controversially when Lenin died. Before Lenin had died he wrote a letter saying that he had serious worries that if Stalin came into power he would let the power go to his head. Stalin still managed to become head of the communist party after a big struggle for power with another person high up in the communist party called Trotsky. Stalin managed however to persuade the rest of the communist party that he was the rightful leader after Lenin. After he won he expelled Trotsky from the party. Trotsky was later assassinated by one of Stalin's agents. Stalin main aim was to transform Russia into a completely industrial country that could compete with the rest of Europe. When Stalin took over Russia, Lenin had completed a few of his ideas but it was nowhere near where he had wanted it to be. Most of the country's produce was agricultural. Stalin wanted Russia to be a leading industrialized country. In Russia then there were three classes of people: the very rich, the better off peasants (Kulaks) ...read more.


Many of the things that people had enjoyed before communism had been stopped, such as religion. Stalin had really cracked down on anyone who was involved in religion. People were being persecuted for what they believed in. The secret police were usually the people that found out if any one was having secret masses. They usually dealt with it by exile or even death. Stalin was so strongly anti-religion because of his Marxist beliefs. Also because the Russian Orthodox Church had links with the tsars. Stalin changed so much about the way people worked. It must have come as a great shock to the people of Russia. For example if you wanted to change job in 1926 you needed the permission of your boss. He however was likely to say no unless you were a bad worker. Then he would tell the police and you could be prosecuted because you didn't like your job. If you wanted to join an association it had to be approved by the government otherwise you could be arrested. You could not set up your own business otherwise again you would be arrested or killed. ...read more.


The German assault seemed at first successful but was eventually stopped about 20 miles from Moscow. Stalin had been very paranoid all through his life and towards the end he became extremely paranoid. He started executing members of the opposing governmental parties as he thought they were plotting to assassinate him. He executed between 1.5 and 7 million of his opponents in this 2-year period from 1936 to 1938. This was called the great purge. Stalin was one of the most brutal dictators in all of history but ignoring all the bad things he did there were some big changes made in Russia when he was leader. Amy Knight is a Research specialist on The Soviet Union and this is what she said, "Stalin's historical legacy is overwhelmingly negative. Although his policies transformed the USSR from an agrarian-based society into an industrialized nation with a powerful military arsenal, the transformation was accomplished at the cost of millions of lives. Stalin's militant distrust of the West and his assertion of Soviet dominance in Eastern Europe gave rise to the Cold War. His purges of society through violent police terror left a permanent scar on the collective memory of the people under his rule. Although admired by some Russians, most would agree with the assessment in the West that Stalin was one of the cruelest dictators in history." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Evaluate historical comparisons of Hitler and Stalin and their regimes

    At the time both countries had suffered greatly at the hands of World War I. What they managed to do was use the period to manipulate the nation in a time of weakness. Therefore it is claimed that their extremeness arose from the difficult social conditions of the time.

  2. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    * People did hold counter opinions, even if they largely kept them to themselves, or grumbled in a crowd where it was hard to be picked out. How did Stalin establish control over the Soviet Union? * First of all, Stalin had to establish control over the Party.

  1. Stalin's Impact On Russia And The Russian People.

    Children were encouraged to join the Young Pioneers/Komsomol. Finally, there attacks on the church. People were encouraged to worship Stalin as opposed to a God. Atheism lessons were even compulsory in school. Members of religious groups were persecuted and 'The League of the Godless' attacked churches.

  2. During his lifetime, Lenin made many important decisions and policies which affected every citizen ...

    The policy of war communism which Lenin brought forward during this period was to bring crisis all over the region. Cities were in chaos, agriculture had collapsed and the economy was sinking. The Russian public was not happy with the situation and blamed Lenin for their suffering.

  1. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    This means that you live off other people. You would be moved away from the city and into the country where if you did not work you would starve. When Hitler came to power in Germany, Stalin was scared of what might happen especially when Hitler looked towards the Sudeten land to recapture it.

  2. Assess the impact that Lenin had on Russia and the Russian people.

    There were several long term and short-term impact as a result of the revolution. The Tsar was killed so that there was no opposition for the new government that was set up and a long-term impact was that this new communist dictatorship would last for the next 80 years.

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    The Second Five Year Plan 1933-7 was built on the infrastructure provided by the first plan. It focused more on consumer goods than the first plan, but nevertheless heavy industry remained the main priority. 3. The Third Five Year Plan begun in 1938 but was disrupted by war in

  2. Stalinism and the transformation of Russia.

    Unprepared to blame his poor implementation of collectivisation, Stalin instead blamed the failure of his ideology on the existence of anti-revolutionary peasants, these were the Kulaks and richer peasants. An estimated seven million people died due to famine from 1930-33.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work