• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the origins and consequences of the Cultural Revolution in China.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Assess the origins and consequences of the Cultural Revolution The Cultural Revolution had a massive impact on China from 1965 to 1968. The Cultural Revolution is the name given to Mao?s attempt to reassert his beliefs in China. Mao had been less than a dynamic leader from the late 1950?s on, and feared others in the party might be taking on a leading role that weakened his power within the party and the country. This explains the Cultural Revolution ?as it was an attempt by Mao to re-impose his authority on the party and therefore the country. One of the most significant origins of the Cultural Revolution was Mao. This is because he was the key figure which planned, launched and directed it, emphasising Mao?s prestige and power also complex psyche pushed the revolution to take place as it is wasn?t for Mao?s resistance to change within the party and the country the Cultural Revolution would not have taken place .The new system introduced which Mao detested was pragmatism by the new ministers Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping after Mao stepped down as president. ...read more.

Middle

He therefore launched the Cultural Revolution because of the rivalry within the CCP; Mao became determined to regain dominance from the new ministers and saw them as a potential threat, so this forced him to create a programme which would win over the people and convince them that he was better than the new CCP leaders. Furthermore there were divisions within the CCP party called the moderates and Maoists this created a power struggle this became evident this rivalry also caused the Cultural Revolution as Mao wanted to get rid of these divisions in order to eliminate rivalry within the CCP. This also led to the Cultural Revolution as it was used as mechanism to cleanse the CCP of those with the attitude of betrayal (following pragmatism) and to enforce commitment to Maoism. Events leading to the dismissal of the mayor of Beijing triggered the launch as a writer called Wu Han turned his book into a play; Mao thought his play was an attack on him. When he launched attack and published it the mayor of Beijing forbade it to be reprinted there, in the end Zhou decided to sacrifice Peng and Liu went along with it. ...read more.

Conclusion

The least significant consequence was potentially economic. This is because damage the economy was more short term than long term unlike the other consequences. E.g. The Economy suffered. 14% reduction in industrial production in 1967 and further falls in 1968. Agriculture far less affected. However there were some long term consequences: Turmoil in schools and universities meant that education and training stopped which led to industrial and agricultural stagnation the effects of which were to last for decades. In conclusion the most significant reason was Mao as he was the one to plan, launch and direct the revolution to satisfy his hunger for power. In the end he gained the most as once again Mao was the ultimate ruler. In my opinion the younger generation lost the most as they were deprived of an education, and tricked by Mao to fight and kill innocent people, for him to regain power and dominance. The main consequences were social as the people of China were left distraught and scarred for life. Furthermore Mao was also back to power, this is also a significant consequence as now Mao was free to once again cause further chaos and make the long terms effects of the revolution worse. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did Mao launch the Cultural Revolution in 1966?

    Groups of Chinese youths formed around the country and started causing havoc. These groups called themselves the Red Guards. The Red Guards went around China inspiring terror and veneration of Mao. Mao was no longer a dead ancestor. Mao's resentment for his loss of power was to be one the main reason for the launch of the Cultural Revolution.

  2. Why did Mao Zedong introduce a second five year plan in 1958 and to ...

    Old and infirm people were moved into "houses of happiness" so their families would not take time off work to look after them. Communes controlled almost every activity in a person's life because they combined several different functions. First, a commune was a unit of local government, with a committee

  1. Did Mao Create A Cruel Dictatorship ?

    Thousands of Russian scientist and engineers, supervised 1 000 000's of Chinese on ever 700 projects, at the same time 1 000's of Chinese were sent for education at soviet universities and colleges. The focus was on heavy industries - steel, coal, chemicals.

  2. Causes and origins of the American revolution.

    did not need the guidance of the mother country; especially after the war with the Indians and France. Mercantilism was a mere seed planted in the revolution. It meant that the functions of the colonies were: to produce raw materials for the use of the mother country; to consume English

  1. How has Chinese FP change since Mao and how important are economics…?

    1957, during these years China opened up to a foreign state, the Soviet Union, in a way never before seen in China (1, pp47). This can be analysed as part of Mao's "let foreign things serve China"(1,pp47) attitude, an attitude that, if vague, encouraged the Chinese to make a distinction between the damaging and the helpful elements of foreign influences.

  2. Hispanic-Americans - A cultural review.

    The second statement, however, is closer to the truth. I believe that the United States is a melting pot of people from all walks of life, languages and cultures and all these people contribute significantly to the rich cultural heritage of America. When people talk of 'racism' in America, their minds automatically turn to the conflict between blacks and whites.

  1. During this piece of coursework I shall look at how China has changed since ...

    This was also not helped when at the end of the five year plan factory workers worried about possible punishments from the C.C.P for not reaching targets lied about overall production.This meant it took the C.C.P a long time to spot the problems.

  2. A Superfluous Draft: The Consequences.

    Congress would not be able to make a completely solid and fair set of regulations that would require all U.S. citizens and residents between the ages of 18 and 26 to serve approximately two years of military or civilian service (Moskos and Glastris 4).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work