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Battling western democracy

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Introduction

Michael M. Scheng Battling western imperialism From enemies to friends Niko Miholic Smer �tudija:1. letnik Politologija, teoretsko analitska Datum oddaje: 3. Januar 2005 Predmet: Angle�cina, mag. Nina Gorenc Vpisna �tevilka: 21040587 Dan oddaje: 3. Januar 2005 Contents Contents.......................................................................................2 Abstract.......................................................................................3 Summary......................................................................................4 References....................................................................................6 Glossary of terms............................................................................7 Abstract The seminar study deals with the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)'s relations with the United States and the Soviet Union in the fifteen years before the proclamation of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in October 1949. The story starts from Mao Zedong's rise to power within the Party in 1935. When the story ends, Mao had become the paramount leader of the new republic and was about to go to Moscow to forge a military alliance with Joseph Stalin's Soviet Union. Between these two decades, the CCP was in a coalition with Chinese People's Party, named Guomindang (GMD), which was constantly under attack by Japanese from without and the CCP from within the Chinese borders. After the collapse of the ancient dynasty system in 1911, the nation was divided in two streams. After the second world war, Mao became the ultimate Chinese leader in 1949. ...read more.

Middle

Americas neutrality in the war until 1941 Mao understood as a plan by the States to become the world's economic power no.1 Mao's ideology had the same direction, as the one by the USSR. He was scared, that if the the United States defeated the Japanese with China's help on its territory, they would be taken as the liberators by China. In the end Mao would rather see China in a big war with the Japanese, than being an American colony. Because of GMD's pro-American directives, Mao wanted to split up with GMD and attack them. Moscow did not agree with Mao's intentions, so the attacks were cancelled. Mao changed his position. It seemed that Moscow wanted to have a non-attack agreement with all states. Mao was for joining the Anglo American GMD camp. Together they would better fight the Axis powers. In February 1941 a CCP activist named Zhou Enlai and a diplomat from the States, named L. Currie met for the first time. According to the CCP records, Currie told Zhou, that the United States are supporting the unity in China and the war against China, furthermore he told him that the States never wanted to see China in a civil war. ...read more.

Conclusion

It did not matter if you were a communist, nationalist, democrat, all that mattered was if you are against fascism or for. In my opinion communism as a classless political government is the top political regime, an utopia is a good ideal for the humanuty. However, according to what we have seen in the Eastern European countries, that idea did not prove effective and it also would not do so in the long run, at least not in such sense. As far as I am concerned, Mao Zedong was a confused politician, badly informed, with little knowledge about foreign policy. He was a puppet, in the time described in my abstract, directed by Moscow and Josef Stalin. Chinese Communist Party came to power by means of repression and misleading people. It were non qualified people, who took over the policy making, and managed the society with violence. The damage that was made, showed after the war, when famine etc. broke out. China cannot be a role model for socialism, let alone the utopic communism, because Mao was acting as all similar dictators do. What is more, today China is too liberalised in economy, so I do not think we can still talk about communism. (And as long communism can also mean violating basic human rights I would not support it). ...read more.

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