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Britain and the First World War.

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Year 11 Coursework Depth Study: Britain and the First World War 1) In 1917 when the Americans joined in the First World War on the side of the allies the Germans were starting to loose the war because of the strong British navy who had been blockading Germany by sinking supply ships and stopping food, rubber, oil and fodder from entering Germany, as Germany had done to Britain in 1915 hence stopping food supplies from reaching the tiring German Army on the western front. This blockade meant that German troops were fatigued and the German civilians were loosing confidence in their war effort because they had little food supplies reaching them and so they were loosing morale, The Americans joined the war on 1st of April 1917 because they had many innocent Americans killed when a German Submarine sunk the American liner in their Campaign of 'unrestricted submarine warfare'. In addition Germany made an attempt in the 'Zimmerman' telegram to get Mexico to ally with her and this proved to close to America as it was inside their circle of influence and this annoyed America. America had stayed neutral until 1917 but "German provocation tipped the balance" (T.H Johnson). America had been using the war to make money by loaning the European countries cash Britain being the biggest loaner and so when America joined the war it is no surprise it joined with the British and the Allies. When America joined the war they brought money, this was helpful because the allies were all very much in debt to America and so America brought them needed goods such as munitions to continue to continue the war. ...read more.


The American troops were fresh and so were unused to the war and in many ways this too must have brought hope to the frontline because these men had high morale and this would have rubbed off onto many other troops. The fact that the allied troops had gained in morale would have had just as much of an effect on the German troops as the fact that there were now more allied troops than before and so the Germans lost confidence in their war effort and this would have proved an effect on their war effort. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan was the German plan to take the war before any other country was able to get troops together and maneuver. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan does not seem to have much effect on the allies' final victory of the war against Germany. although The failure of the Schlieffen Plan did help Britain and the allies because Germany were having to fight a war on two fronts which she thought that she could avoid if the plan had worked and Paris had been taken, But the Belgium's and the British expeditionary forces slowed Germany down. Therefore, this meant that Germany had to focus on both the Western and Eastern Front because Russia had also mounted an earlier attack than was thought they could meaning Germanys forces had to be split to both fronts had, this gave the Allies more chance of winning the first world war because Germany could not focus solely on one front as they wished they could. ...read more.


seen to have a direct effect on the Germans as they try the German offensive in 1918 when all the pressures get too much for them. The German offensive involved small sets of 'storm troops' attacking quickly and retreating but men were lost in this attack and too many men had died in the war and supplies had dwindled. Germany also had no extra troops upon which they could rely as they had lost far too many men. German morale had been destroyed this can be seen when in 1918 general Ludendorff says "The war must be ended" This quote shows how stretched the Germans were and so they call for an end to the war the German offensive is the finishing point although it is the supremacy of the British navy and their blockade and the entry of the Americans. The five factors shown are certainly not equally important to the ending of the First World War as can be seen in the very little importance that the use of the tank had. However, when some of these reasons are interlinked with other reasons it can be seen clearly that they are not of equal importance, for example the entry of America helped the British blockade which was cutting German supplies which meant that they had to launch the last ditch attack in 1918. When these reasons are all put together they are nearly all crucial to the Allied victory nevertheless none of them on their own they are of much importance in ending the war and have to interlink with other factors to become of major importance. 1 ...read more.

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