• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Britain and the First World War.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Year 11 Coursework Depth Study: Britain and the First World War 1) In 1917 when the Americans joined in the First World War on the side of the allies the Germans were starting to loose the war because of the strong British navy who had been blockading Germany by sinking supply ships and stopping food, rubber, oil and fodder from entering Germany, as Germany had done to Britain in 1915 hence stopping food supplies from reaching the tiring German Army on the western front. This blockade meant that German troops were fatigued and the German civilians were loosing confidence in their war effort because they had little food supplies reaching them and so they were loosing morale, The Americans joined the war on 1st of April 1917 because they had many innocent Americans killed when a German Submarine sunk the American liner in their Campaign of 'unrestricted submarine warfare'. In addition Germany made an attempt in the 'Zimmerman' telegram to get Mexico to ally with her and this proved to close to America as it was inside their circle of influence and this annoyed America. America had stayed neutral until 1917 but "German provocation tipped the balance" (T.H Johnson). America had been using the war to make money by loaning the European countries cash Britain being the biggest loaner and so when America joined the war it is no surprise it joined with the British and the Allies. When America joined the war they brought money, this was helpful because the allies were all very much in debt to America and so America brought them needed goods such as munitions to continue to continue the war. ...read more.

Middle

The American troops were fresh and so were unused to the war and in many ways this too must have brought hope to the frontline because these men had high morale and this would have rubbed off onto many other troops. The fact that the allied troops had gained in morale would have had just as much of an effect on the German troops as the fact that there were now more allied troops than before and so the Germans lost confidence in their war effort and this would have proved an effect on their war effort. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan was the German plan to take the war before any other country was able to get troops together and maneuver. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan does not seem to have much effect on the allies' final victory of the war against Germany. although The failure of the Schlieffen Plan did help Britain and the allies because Germany were having to fight a war on two fronts which she thought that she could avoid if the plan had worked and Paris had been taken, But the Belgium's and the British expeditionary forces slowed Germany down. Therefore, this meant that Germany had to focus on both the Western and Eastern Front because Russia had also mounted an earlier attack than was thought they could meaning Germanys forces had to be split to both fronts had, this gave the Allies more chance of winning the first world war because Germany could not focus solely on one front as they wished they could. ...read more.

Conclusion

seen to have a direct effect on the Germans as they try the German offensive in 1918 when all the pressures get too much for them. The German offensive involved small sets of 'storm troops' attacking quickly and retreating but men were lost in this attack and too many men had died in the war and supplies had dwindled. Germany also had no extra troops upon which they could rely as they had lost far too many men. German morale had been destroyed this can be seen when in 1918 general Ludendorff says "The war must be ended" This quote shows how stretched the Germans were and so they call for an end to the war the German offensive is the finishing point although it is the supremacy of the British navy and their blockade and the entry of the Americans. The five factors shown are certainly not equally important to the ending of the First World War as can be seen in the very little importance that the use of the tank had. However, when some of these reasons are interlinked with other reasons it can be seen clearly that they are not of equal importance, for example the entry of America helped the British blockade which was cutting German supplies which meant that they had to launch the last ditch attack in 1918. When these reasons are all put together they are nearly all crucial to the Allied victory nevertheless none of them on their own they are of much importance in ending the war and have to interlink with other factors to become of major importance. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    There is no doubt that the naval blockade also weakened Germany and its armed forces by 1918. The prevention of trading ships led to a lot of difficulties among the neutral nations and the United States. Nevertheless, the British blockade was effective because Germany was brought to a complete standstill.

  2. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    some of the countries of eastern Europe to break away from Communism. Marshall Aid was also intended to help here. * While the Truman Doctrine did not actually mention the Soviet Union, it was obvious that it was intended as a warning to Stalin that Truman was not going to

  1. How And Why Did Britain Survive The War From 1940-1943?

    The German forces were called the 'Desert Foxes' while the British were called the 'Desert Rats'. The German General in charge was Rommel who was considered the best German general while the British forces were under the control of Bernard Montgomery.

  2. Why was Germany Defeated in the First World War?

    Many of the German people did not realise that this was not a just war. The Schlieffen Plan had been developed some years before hand by German generals proving that this was not the last resort. War could have been avoided by diplomacy however, Germany, thinking that they were economically

  1. Was the entry of the USA into the First World War in 1917 the ...

    They came extremely close to success - at one point Britain was down to its last 6 weeks of grain, and there was only four days of sugar remaining at one point. But the Allies developed new tactics to fight back and safely allow ships to reach Britain.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    Syria, determined to implement the security plans it had sponsored, attempted to restore order. It curbed the activities of the Iranian Pasdaran and Hizballah in Baalbek in the Biqa Valley, and it quelled the fierce fighting in the northern port city of Tripoli between the pro-Syrian Arab Democratic Party and the Sunni fundamentalist Tawhid (Islamic Unification Movement).

  1. Why And How Did Britain Survive The War From 1940-1943

    The Spitfire The British government estimated that one million would die in the Blitz but the actual number was sixty thousand and this was because we were so well organised. The government realised that if too many people died we would have severe trouble in the future with a shortage in the workforce and it would face the blame.

  2. The First World War

    and the other man would feed in the belt of ammunition. The machine gun could hold off vast amounts of men with a nine yard belt and this was probably one of the most crucial reasons which made the war develop into a stalemate.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work