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Compare and Contrast the media techniques used to produce d-day landing on the "Saving Private Ryan" and "The Longest Day"

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Compare and Contrast the media techniques used to produce d-day landing on the "Saving Private Ryan" and "The Longest Day" Seung-wook Lyeo The D-Day landing must have been one of the most brutal battles between the Americans and the Germans during the World War 2. Both "Saving Private Ryan" and "The Longest Day" were produced as films to represent the brutality of what the D-Day was like. However, although both films were similar in the perspective of the factual storyline, their standards of filming and production were different due to the time they were filmed. Darryl F. Zannuk filmed "The Longest day" in 1962 and Steven Spielberg filmed "Saving Private Ryan" in 1998. Zannuk created the film only after 18 years after the Second World War and the international affairs were still at its worst due to the cold war crisis. Therefore the brutality and the accuracy of the fighting in the film were more vague than Saving Private Ryan. From the information I gathered the movie seemed quite accurate. The German High Command was extremely confused during the early hours of the invasion. Also the scene showing an immense number of troops and the number advantage over the Germans turned out to be quite accurate rather than implying that, that scene was there to show patriotism of the Americans. ...read more.


In "The Longest Day" shows a long shot of the beach before the landing of the American troops. The American troops are filmed from a quite a height (i.e. with a panoramic/aerial shot) and the camera didn't zoom in to show detail of the events in the battle, so there is no focus on individuals. The camera also shows a distant shot of the Germans struggling to fight off the Americans. There is a scene where the camera follows a group of soldiers running up the beach, but again it is from a height so it didn't fully involve the audience in the scene. "Saving Private Ryan", unlike "The Longest Day" Spielberg uses several angles and a lot of tracking shots, which involves the audience. They use the shaky hand-held camera effect to completely involve the audience, giving the feeling of being one of the men at the battle site. The most significant part of the battle scene is when Tom Hanks stops next to a barricade and looks around the view the chaos that was surrounding him. The hand-held camera is positioned from Tom Hanks view to deliver a clear image to the audience of what Tom Hanks is feeling and viewing. Due to the lack of advanced equipment, the editing of "The Longest Day" isn't up to the standard of "Saving Private Ryan". ...read more.


Also when the shooting and the bombing begin there are a lot of cries and screams. There is a significant use of silence in the battle scene. For example when the camera goes under the water to show what is going on under the water level, there is only silence except for the slight slicing sound of the bullet cutting through the water. When Tom Hanks looks around the beach to observe what is going on, every sound is blocked out apart form his heavy breathing and the tunnelling noise as if he can't believe what was going on. All these sound effects accurately represents the chaos that is going on in the battle and in the soldiers mind. The overall differences between the two films are that The Longest day is quite an upbeat and positive army movie, which wanted to show confidence in victory, and that America was totally indestructible, while "Saving Private Ryan" wanted to point out that War is horrible and ruthless and has the odds against survival. It also engages the audience in the movie to show the real feelings and the fear of soldiers going to war. The treatments of Germans were different in both films. As "The Longest Day" was positive about victory it showed the bravery of the Americans and the cowardice of the Germans, whilst "Saving Private Ryan" showed that they were like some sort of machines, unforgiving, creating havoc and chaos. . ...read more.

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