• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

consolidation of Bolshevism

Extracts from this document...


How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their rule, 1918 - 1924? The Bolsheviks seized power quite easily in October 1917 yet it would be the consolidating their rule, which would prove far greater of a challenge. It would be not till 1921 that the majority of Russia would come under Bolshevik rule. The threats that the Bolsheviks would face would be a serious threat to their existence. However as Germany and Austro-Hungary would prove great threats to them yet it would be internal affairs that would prove much more threaten. This threat would come from groups such as Loyalists and social revolution parties that would come together and fight to be known as the 'Whites' to seize power or to stop the Bolsheviks from gaining control, which would lead to a vicious civil war. Other socialist groups such as the SR's and Mensheviks would prove a hard enemy to defeat. ...read more.


Yet, in the final analysis it would be the failure of the military and political situation that would cause the end of the war. The Civil War After the Bolsheviks promise of signing the peace treaty (Brest-Litosvk) with Germany it soon lead to a mounted opposition of the Bolsheviks. This 'white' opposition consisted of a large range of different political groups. There were the loyalists of the Tsar, the liberals, national minorities whom wanted independence, rival parties such as the Mensheviks and the military whom disagreed with the peace with Germany. The whites also were giving aid from foreign powers such as Britain, USA and France as they supported the anti-communism policy. From an over-view of the crisis, this looked highly daunting for the Bolsheviks but by 1921 all threats to the Bolsheviks had ended initially from the strongest opposition. The whites were a divided army separated by the one desire to rid Russia of the Bolshevik regime. ...read more.


The capital was moved from the vulnerable area of Petrograd to Moscow. The economy was geared towards the effort of the war known as War communism. The food that would be needed to supply the army and workers was huge so all food was taking from the peasants which was hugely unpopular. By early 1921, all the white strongholds were defeated and all allies after the treaty of Versailles decided it would be more appropriate to not continue another war. The military strategy was a lot more organised and skilful than that of the whites, giving decisive advantage to the reds. Credit also must go towards Trotsky as his sole leadership of the army meant he could defend the lands well and organised. The support of the reds was also key as for example the workers saw a more guarantee from the reds for gains. The greens or peasants did not like the aspect of the Bolsheviks but saw them as less of a threat than the whites with relation to their land. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. The Bolshevik Consolidation of power 1917-21.

    * There are 4 easy reasons why the Bolsheviks won the Russian Civil war: - 1. The red army had control over the main industrial area in Russia, i.e. around Moscow. This meant that they had access to munitions factories, which meant they were better prepared for combat.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    Although many guilty Nazis were punished and imprisoned, as many, if not more, got off scot-free. Many Germans mocked the process, especially the elaborate questionnaires (Fragebogen) that they had to fill out before judgment in every case was rendered. Some later privately admitted that too many of them had been

  1. The Hidden Facets of Bolshevism - Friends and Foes of the Working Class.

    The Leader and Its Disciples Lenin became an active revolutionist, most likely, through the spiritual motives that have moved all great reformers - not because he himself was hungry and an outcast, but because he could not stand unmoved in a world where, he thought, other men were hungry and outcast.

  2. How important was war in Lenin's securing and consolidation of power in the USSR.

    However, after persuading his own party, other socialists still believed Lenin to be a madman. His plan had partly backfired, as he now put himself under isolation, his party only numbered 26,000 which was a large minority. In July 1917 riots broke out in Petrograd, but The Provisional Government used troops to end the riots and ordered Lenin's arrest.

  1. The Bolshevik Consolidation of Power 1918-21.

    Lenin justified his action with the following speech: 'To hand over power to the Constituent Assembly would again be compromising with the malignant bourgeoisie. The Russian Soviets place the interests of the toiling masses far above the interests of the treacherous compromise disguised in a new garb.

  2. To What Extent Was a War Between Nazism and Bolshevism Inevitable?

    he had tested in France along with the heavy ground troops, the air power and blitzkrieg tactics had been practised in Poland and the paratroops and navy were prepared since their tasks in Scandinavia. However Hitler's time scale of completion before the winter of 1941 seems over ambitious, especially given

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work