• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cross-referencing of Sources (3.3.2) Vietnam

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assessment objectives (a) Cross-referencing of Sources (3.3.2) Source C does not prove that the anti - war protests mentioned in source A had an immediate effect on the number of U.S troops in South Vietnam. I say this because in source A, it mentioned that the anti- war protest took place in the year of 1965. But source C says that in 1965 there were 60,000 troops who were committed to South Vietnam. However in 1966, 268,000 troops were committed to South Vietnam, which shows even after the anti war, protest the U.S increased its troops by 208,000 in Vietnam. This proves that the anti-war protest didn't have hasn't had any effect on the number of troops in South Vietnam. Moreover in 1967, the U.S added 231,000 troops to South Vietnam, which led to a total of 449,000 troops. The U.S kept on increasing its troops until the 1969. Only in 1970 did the number of troops decrease from 539,000 (1969) to 415,000 (1970). Another huge anti-war protest took place in 1970 and it seems this had an effect on the number of U.S troops in South Vietnam. In 1970 there were 415,000 U.S troops in South Vietnam then in 1971 there were only 239,000 troops in South Vietnam. This shows a vast decrease in the number of troops. On the other hand, I can say the anti-war protests probably didn't have a huge effect on the amount of troops in South Vietnam because the number of U.S troops has already started to decrease from 1969 to 1970, which proves that even before the anti-war protest the U.S has started to decrease its the troops. So I can also say that the second anti war protest didn't have an affect on the amount of troops, also I can say it did had an effect because in 1970, when the huge anti - war protests happened there were 415,000 troops, over the following year there was a less troops. ...read more.

Middle

Three-quarter of all napalm victims in Vietnam were burned through to the muscle and bone. The pain alone often caused death because it was so intensive. Agent orange contained traces of the most toxic forms of dioxin. Hectares of forests were destroyed using Agent Orange. Not only did Agent Orange destroy thousands of trees but it was later found to have caused birth deformities in children. It also caused cancers in soldiers fighting in the war. Source H is a picture, which shows children hit by napalm. This suggests that the troops didn't just deform the Viet Cong; they deformed innocent people and children. Therefore these Vietnamese who were supporting for the U.S, would now turn against U.S, as the U.S punished people who didn't even do anything wrong. However the pictures are always not true as they can be tampered with. Source I says American civilians were sickened of the fact that their own country used chemicals such as napalm and Agent Orange, there fore they were showing disgust towards their own country. The source also says, these chemicals affected the soldier and the civilians in the same way. This source is taken from a schoolbook; therefore it might be reliable, as the publisher may wants the children to learn the facts. However, on the other hand might not be reliable. It may be written by someone who doesn't want American children to know how badly the U.S acted towards the Vietnamese. It could be a government publication and therefore unreliable it so also it is a secondary source. Source J is two pictures with writing. It shows two photographs, first picture was taken before the land was destroyed by agent orange and the second picture was taken after the agent orange had been bombed over the land. The first picture shows land full of crops and the second picture shows all those crops have been destroyed; even the land looks so rocky. ...read more.

Conclusion

900,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong died, 400,000 North Vietnamese died, only 50,000 American troops died. From this you can see the U.S although they had a lot of power and killed lot of Vietnamese soldiers, the Vietnamese would not give up easily. Even with this massive number of human loss the Vietnamese able to win the war. All these sources are biased as most of them from American textbooks. Also most sources seem to be secondary source. Therefore they consider not being reliable. Overall I would say all these sources doesn't give me enough evidence to understand why a super power like the united States of America failed to defeat the Viet Cong. These sources are only taken from textbooks. I would likely to have more evidence such as:- * film footage e.g. damaging crops and civilian using bombs, * record tapes e.g. enquiries, * books e.g. about war, * past news papers e.g. pictures, articles, * interviews with eye witness I believe doing more research would provide more information rather than what the source's tells us. Guerrilla tactics was a popular tactic used by the Vietcong. These were hard among the U.S troops. This was a very important factor for why the U.S didn't win the war. None of these sources doesn't give any information about these Guerrilla tactics such as jungle tactic, booby traps, trip-wire, etc. The U.S soldiers didn't fight very affectively, because they began to be scared for their lives. Thus so many soldiers begin to leave their jobs and later in 60's American people stayed back to join as soldiers. But the Vietnamese were strong, they had many people to fight even the women begun to fight for their land. This was another factor why America couldn't win the war The above two factors (guerrilla tactics and the weakness of the soldiers) isn't mentioned in any source at all. I think I need more information on these. Over all I would say all these source don't give me enough information. Pauline Alagarajah 11mur History Course work ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Coursework on discussing whether television was an important reason why the United States lost ...

    I 1909 they sent over 7000 troops. They were much better fighters in the jungle; this was because they were much more patient and better at ambushes. They would stay with the Vietcong and not run away and call in the planes.

  2. How Useful are Sources A to C to Explain Why the United States Became ...

    The source above is media as it is a photograph which had been taken showing the American troops in Vietnam. The image is showing the media aspect as millions of people would have seen this photo around the world and come to the conclusion that the war in Vietnam is wrong and should be ended sooner rather than later.

  1. Vietnam Question 2

    From this quote alone, he begins to reason and justify what had happened. The fact that 347 unarmed civilians is not mentioned in the source shows that he is almost reasoning with himself, which is delusional. The quote also shows that the soldiers were inexperienced.

  2. what the Americans did in My Lai source work

    instance there is no known location, and we are not told the number of people that saw these images, or how they affected the peace movement. Source C is a written extract. It was written by Richard Hamer, an American journalist.

  1. Evaluation of key sources to address the question of increased tension

    Eisenhower describes the Soviets as a 'communist dictatorship'. He also describes the countries surrounding communism as dominos, all about to fall one by one to communism, hence the Domino theory. It is likely Eisenhower concocted this theory in order to convince the public that communism prevention is necessary.

  2. American History.

    - They were only saved when the Pokanokets [led by Massasoit], a local Indian tribe that had lost many people in an epidemic and were threatened by their neighbors, decided they would be useful allies. *The Puritans* - As the Pilgrims struggled to survive and create their small town community,

  1. The Vietnam conflict - "Our objective is to create conditions for a favorable settlement ...

    In late 1959, heading into 1960, the south Vietnam government and, more importantly, Diem started to unravel. North Vietnam increased their support of Southern dissidents and after a few oppressive moves made by Diem there was a string of attempted coups.

  2. Writing from the point of view of a Vietnamese soldier.

    it free from Communist control, and above all, I wanted to get this war over quickly, and return to the beautiful city of Saigon, to my girlfriend, and my rickshaw business. Writing from an American GI's point of view: As a young GI, I was drafted out of the US

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work