• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the Nazi's stance on Homosexuality

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

��ࡱ�>�� ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� - !"#$%&'����)������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������Root Entry���������Z� ��� �O�2��&v�...�(@CONTENTS���� JCompObj������������VSPELLING����������������� ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������d and lascivious" behavior between men. In 1936 Nazi leader Heinrich Himmler created a Reich Central Office for the Combating of Homosexuality and Abortion: Special Office (II S), a subdepartment of Executive Department II of the Gestapo. The linking of homosexuality and abortion reflected the Nazi regimes population policies to promote a higher birthrate of its "Aryan" population. On this subject Himmler spoke in Bad T�lz on February 18, 1937, before a group of high-ranking SS officers on the dangers both homosexuality and abortion posed to the German birthrate. Under the revised Paragraph 175 and the creation of Special Office II S, the number of prosecutions increased sharply, peaking in the years 1937-1939. Half of all convictions for homosexual activity under the Nazi regime occurred during these years. The police stepped up raids on homosexual meeting places, seized address books of arrested men to find additional suspects, and created networks of informers to compile lists of names and make arrests. An estimated 1.2 million men were homosexuals in Germany in 1928. Between 1933-45, an estimated 100,000 men were arrested as homosexuals, and of these, some 50,000 officially defined homosexuals were sentenced. ...read more.

Middle

division on homosexuals was set up. One of its first acts was to order the police "pink lists" from all over Germany The police had been compiling these lists of suspected homosexual men since 1900. On September 1, 1935, a harsher, amended version of Paragraph 175 of the Criminal Code, originally framed in 1871, went into effect, punishing a broad range of "lewies to identify them by category. The uniforms of those sentenced as homosexuals bore, various identifying marks, including a large black dot and a large "175" drawn on the back of the jacket. Later a pink triangular patch (rosa Winkel) appeared. Conditions in the camps were generally harsh for all inmates, many of whom died from hunger, disease, exhaustion, exposure to the cold, and brutal treatment. Many survivors have testified that men with pink triangles were often treated particularly severely by guards and inmates alike because of widespread biases against homosexuals. As was true with other prisoner categories, some homosexuals were also victims of cruel medical experiments, including castration. At Buchenwald concentration camp, SS physician Dr. Carl Vaernet performed operations designed to convert men to heterosexuals: the surgical insertion of a capsule which released the male hormone testosterone. ...read more.

Conclusion

ality. Lesbianism was @D� � � �7�7�7�7���������(2�"'(� �) @�S < :"0����|'-'�/�/�7�7� h h h h h h ^ " 8 "PS" -$� 08."�. "PS" $� 082 "PS" -$� 08T ���88>b����(r)���� 4����Definition TermDefinition ListH1H2H3H4H5H6 Address Blockquote Preformattedz-Bottom of Form z-Top of Form����p~�"������� 0:JTdlz�3/4DP� "� " "� " "� "�| " �"�| " "�|" " "��" " " " "�" " "�" " "�" "� "�| "�|, "�$� 08)P2�J' (�@ �J �� O� +%( �u.0 ��78 c A@ (VJH � SP ��\. "� $� 08�u. "� $� 08�u tt�78�7:\���8 0LTimes New Roman Courier NewArial ���'N L 3/4��"@" "���� " " " " " " " " " " �al3/4f1/4)http://www.holocaust-trc.org/parag175.htm(http://www.holocaust-trc.org/himmler.htm*http://www.holocaust-trc.org/parag175a.htm(http://www.holocaust-trc.org/recalls.htm*http://www.holocaust-trc.org/parag175b.htm*http://www.holocaust-trc.org/parag175c.htm�� " " "��� qhh****�CEPSON Stylus S20 Series��� � 4d hh EPSON Stylus S20 Series����@Open cfg file 4� hhL hh q**** q****d-�2+winspoolEPSON Stylus S20 SeriesUSB001F�� "- "�Æ"p_ "$c"�` "�`""A."@��"- "�"p_ "$c"�` "�`"."Untitled."0Ms" %�"�� "�^ (" )" priesthood, attempted to undercut the power of the Roman Catholic Church in Germany, an institution which many Nazi officials considered their most powerful potent�� �����Z� ��� �O�2�Quill96 Story Group Class�����9�qy�y�/y��� y� ��� y�� ��\y�e���y����/ y�8 ��3/4 y�� �� y�- �� y�( ��) y�1 ��� y�� ...�� y�� ��� y�� ��y� ��xy���� y�����y�����y����ky�v��1/4y�����y�����y��'��y�'�&y�, ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    One reason for his anti-semitism was his view that the Jews the bearers of socialism and subversion.?Hitler had two dreams. The first was to bring together all Germans in a vast 'Greater Germany'; the seond was the expansion of Germany into the virtually 'boundless' territory of the Soviet Union.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    It could be argued that the Soviets would want to be seen as supporting their politicians within the government. When the Bolshevik resolution was rejected, it shows the marginalisation of the Bolsheviks views within the Soviets.

  1. Hitlers Germany

    Fearing a civil war if the Nazis were not won over, Schleicher agreed to lift the ban on the SA and to call new Reichstag elections in return for Hitler's consent. Hitler agreed. Bruening was dismissed on May 30 and the Papen government installed.

  2. Assess the impact of Nazi ideology on the Social Classes.

    and continued to educate the unskilled workers, improved facilities again built up the strength and community idea that Hitler wanted to implement and together these gave the Nazis and excuse to not directly benefit the workers through a wage increase.

  1. The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust. How valid is this assessment ...

    Another important point that shows the Wannsee Conference was not entirely responsible for the Holocaust is the passing of the Nuremburg Race Laws on September 15th 1935. Document 6, which is an extract from E.J. Feuchtwanger's book "Germany 1916-1941 says "with the Nuremburg Laws Hitler had in fact indicated to

  2. The Holocaust

    This idea of the biological threat of Jews to the German nation was further argued by Eugen Duhring, an economist and philosopher, who felt that Jews infiltrated society causing harm, even if they were not practising members of the faith and said "...I return therefore to the hypothesis that the

  1. Hitler's Willing Executioners - The role of Ordinary Germans during the Holocaust

    high places under the allied leaders are somehow Jewish or connected to Jews. This source is useful as it shows historians that the Nazi's ultimately believed in a Jewish conspiracy and that they used it to justify the need for the extermination of Jews to condition the public to believe the same.

  2. &amp;quot;The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust&amp;quot; How valid is this assessment ...

    to what to with those deemed as Jews and Slavs within occupied territory, opposed to the original plan of working them to death through starvation and disease, it was a way of speeding up the already draw-up designs and agreeing about what was happening.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work