• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the Nazi's stance on Homosexuality

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

��ࡱ�>�� ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� - !"#$%&'����)������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������Root Entry���������Z� ��� �O�2��&v�...�(@CONTENTS���� JCompObj������������VSPELLING����������������� ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������d and lascivious" behavior between men. In 1936 Nazi leader Heinrich Himmler created a Reich Central Office for the Combating of Homosexuality and Abortion: Special Office (II S), a subdepartment of Executive Department II of the Gestapo. The linking of homosexuality and abortion reflected the Nazi regimes population policies to promote a higher birthrate of its "Aryan" population. On this subject Himmler spoke in Bad T�lz on February 18, 1937, before a group of high-ranking SS officers on the dangers both homosexuality and abortion posed to the German birthrate. Under the revised Paragraph 175 and the creation of Special Office II S, the number of prosecutions increased sharply, peaking in the years 1937-1939. Half of all convictions for homosexual activity under the Nazi regime occurred during these years. The police stepped up raids on homosexual meeting places, seized address books of arrested men to find additional suspects, and created networks of informers to compile lists of names and make arrests. An estimated 1.2 million men were homosexuals in Germany in 1928. Between 1933-45, an estimated 100,000 men were arrested as homosexuals, and of these, some 50,000 officially defined homosexuals were sentenced. ...read more.

Middle

division on homosexuals was set up. One of its first acts was to order the police "pink lists" from all over Germany The police had been compiling these lists of suspected homosexual men since 1900. On September 1, 1935, a harsher, amended version of Paragraph 175 of the Criminal Code, originally framed in 1871, went into effect, punishing a broad range of "lewies to identify them by category. The uniforms of those sentenced as homosexuals bore, various identifying marks, including a large black dot and a large "175" drawn on the back of the jacket. Later a pink triangular patch (rosa Winkel) appeared. Conditions in the camps were generally harsh for all inmates, many of whom died from hunger, disease, exhaustion, exposure to the cold, and brutal treatment. Many survivors have testified that men with pink triangles were often treated particularly severely by guards and inmates alike because of widespread biases against homosexuals. As was true with other prisoner categories, some homosexuals were also victims of cruel medical experiments, including castration. At Buchenwald concentration camp, SS physician Dr. Carl Vaernet performed operations designed to convert men to heterosexuals: the surgical insertion of a capsule which released the male hormone testosterone. ...read more.

Conclusion

ality. Lesbianism was @D� � � �7�7�7�7���������(2�"'(� �) @�S < :"0����|'-'�/�/�7�7� h h h h h h ^ " 8 "PS" -$� 08."�. "PS" $� 082 "PS" -$� 08T ���88>b����(r)���� 4����Definition TermDefinition ListH1H2H3H4H5H6 Address Blockquote Preformattedz-Bottom of Form z-Top of Form����p~�"������� 0:JTdlz�3/4DP� "� " "� " "� "�| " �"�| " "�|" " "��" " " " "�" " "�" " "�" "� "�| "�|, "�$� 08)P2�J' (�@ �J �� O� +%( �u.0 ��78 c A@ (VJH � SP ��\. "� $� 08�u. "� $� 08�u tt�78�7:\���8 0LTimes New Roman Courier NewArial ���'N L 3/4��"@" "���� " " " " " " " " " " �al3/4f1/4)http://www.holocaust-trc.org/parag175.htm(http://www.holocaust-trc.org/himmler.htm*http://www.holocaust-trc.org/parag175a.htm(http://www.holocaust-trc.org/recalls.htm*http://www.holocaust-trc.org/parag175b.htm*http://www.holocaust-trc.org/parag175c.htm�� " " "��� qhh****�CEPSON Stylus S20 Series��� � 4d hh EPSON Stylus S20 Series����@Open cfg file 4� hhL hh q**** q****d-�2+winspoolEPSON Stylus S20 SeriesUSB001F�� "- "�Æ"p_ "$c"�` "�`""A."@��"- "�"p_ "$c"�` "�`"."Untitled."0Ms" %�"�� "�^ (" )" priesthood, attempted to undercut the power of the Roman Catholic Church in Germany, an institution which many Nazi officials considered their most powerful potent�� �����Z� ��� �O�2�Quill96 Story Group Class�����9�qy�y�/y��� y� ��� y�� ��\y�e���y����/ y�8 ��3/4 y�� �� y�- �� y�( ��) y�1 ��� y�� ...�� y�� ��� y�� ��y� ��xy���� y�����y�����y����ky�v��1/4y�����y�����y��'��y�'�&y�, ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitler's Willing Executioners - The role of Ordinary Germans during the Holocaust

    One squad leader Sergeant Ernst Hegert, reported that in his platoon five men asked to be exempted from the killing after these men had already begun with the executions because they found it to burdensome to shoot women and children.

  2. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    After all, Germany has briefly defeated Russia in 1917-1918, but this victory had been of no practical use while they faced defeat in western Europe. In Operation Barbarossa (to take over the Soviets) he gambled all - and lost disatrously.?Economically Hitler desired to do away with the evils of the

  1. Goebbels was more influential than Himmler. Discuss

    manipulative character, thus it can be said Himmler is only saying this speech to make the disastrous things seem acceptable and to display his false sympathies for the external enemies to the people of Germany, so that his influence can be extended to a greater extent.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    to work in an awful job in a place like Siberia or Kazakhstan, which required no intelligence because Stalin was scared that you might start an organization or a group against him. If you were able to work but did not want to work then you would be condemened as a social parasite.

  1. The Holocaust

    It was during this time that Leon Pinsker (1821-91), a famous Russian physician, published his significant work "Autoemancipation", which called for the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine which would secure the liberation for the Jewry. By the 1890s, the idea of Jewish nationalism had spread to other European

  2. Hitlers Germany

    six motorized divisions, and virtually their whole air force for the Polish campaign. The Polish army was large enough (22 divisions, including one division and seven independent brigades of cavalry) and well enough equipped for the type of warfare that prevailed on the Eastern front in 1914-18.

  1. The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust. How valid is this assessment ...

    of the "Law for the protection of German Blood and German Honour". This document is also a valid attribution when looking at the reasons behind the Holocaust, as it is a piece of legislation from 1935, its purpose is to make clear that German blood is essential for Germany to survive.

  2. &amp;quot;The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust&amp;quot; How valid is this assessment ...

    Anti-Semitism within Germany built up in stages; however it is doubtful that the stages were planned from the entrance of National Socialism. Although there is some sort of pragmatic footpath which leads up to the Holocaust.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work