• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Did The League of Nations Have any chance of long Term Success?

Extracts from this document...


Did The League of Nations Have any chance of long Term Success? Background The League of Nations came into being after the end of World War One. The League of Nation's task was simple - to ensure that war never broke out again. After the turmoil of the Versailles Treaty, many looked to the League to bring stability to the world. America entered World War One in 1917. The country as a whole and the president - Woodrow Wilson in particular - was horrified by the slaughter that had taken place in what was meant to be a civilised part of the world. The only way to avoid a repetition of such a disaster, was to create an international body whose sole purpose was to maintain world peace and which would sort out international disputes as and when they occurred. This would be the task of the League of Nations. After the devastation of the war, support for such a good idea was great (except in America where isolationism was taking root). The organisation of the League of Nations The League of Nations was to be based in Geneva, Switzerland. This choice was natural as Switzerland was a neutral country and had not fought in World War One. ...read more.


They had traditionally belonged to Finland but most of the islanders wanted to be governed by Sweden. Neither Sweden nor Finland could come to a decision as to who owned the islands and in 1921 they asked the League to adjudicate. The League's decision was that they should remain with Finland but that no weapons should ever be kept there. Both countries accepted the decision and it remains in force to this day. Upper Silesia (1921) The Treaty of Versailles had given the people of Upper Silesia the right to have a referendum on whether they wanted to be part of Germany or part of Poland. In this referendum, 700,000 voted for Germany and 500,000 for Poland. This close result resulted in rioting between those who expected Silesia to be made part of Germany and those who wanted to be part of Poland. The League was asked to settle this dispute. After a six-week inquiry, the League decided to split Upper Silesia between Germany and Poland. The League's decision was accepted y both countries and by the people in Upper Silesia. Memel (1923) Memel was/is a port in Lithuania. Most people who lived in Memel were Lithuanians and, therefore, the government of Lithuania believed that the port should be governed by it. ...read more.


Many of the groups that work for the United Nations now, grew out of what was established by the League. Teams were sent to the Third World to dig fresh water wells, the Health Organisation started a campaign to wipe out leprosy. This idea - of wiping out from the world a disease - was taken up by the United Nations with its smallpox campaign. Work was done in the Third World to improve the status of women there and child slave labour was also targeted. Drug addiction and drug smuggling were also attacked. These problems are still with us in the 21st century - so it would be wrong to criticise the League for failing to eradicate them. If we cannot do this now, the League had a far more difficult task then with more limited resources. The greatest success the League had involving these social issues, was simply informing the world at large that these problems did exist and that they should be tackled. No organisation had done this before the League. These social problems may have continued but the fact that they were now being actively investigated by the League and were then taken onboard by the United Nations must be viewed as a success. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Dunkirk - A success or failure?

    the environment what the soldiers went through and the state of the soldiers during the war. This source would be classed as a secondary source however the evidence used in the source is primary as he was a soldier at the war.

  2. The league of nations - How successful was The League in the 1920's?

    The League made quite a few major mistakes in encouraging nations to cooperate. One of them was the Geneva Protocol. After the Corfu incident, it was seen how its own members could undermine the League. Britain and France created the Geneva Protocol that stated that if two members of the


    He wanted Germany to have the most powerful armed forces in Europe. Many people were worried by this and thought that Hitler would have to be stopped by force. Q.3 Study SOURCE C. Why were Hitler's plans for Germany likely to cause a war in the 1930s?

  2. United Nations: The Wounded Dove

    (USA, Russia, GB, China, France), the other six are rotating members and are elected by the general assembly. For a proposal to pass in the security council it needs 7 members to pass and five of these must be permanent members because anyone of the permanent members have the power to veto a proposal.

  1. Was Woodrow Wilson right to be a disappointed man when he died?

    He did not invoke it publicly though because it was a republican and showed that he was getting directly involved in foreign affairs as much as a republican president would, which was not what he should be doing as a democrat.

  2. How Successful Was the League in The 1920's and 1930's? The League of ...

    If in the case of an outbreak of war, the League would need to take troops from the countries in the League. The country that was closest to the scene of the conflict would be sent in, and due to Britain's overwhelming Empire that spanned the entire globe; they were called upon the most to fight.

  1. How Successful Was the League of Nations In the 1920’S?

    Lithuania appealed for help from the league. The league told the Poles to get out but they did not shift. When the League saw they weren't getting anywhere with talking they told Britain and France to go and get them out.

  2. History of the United States

    Secession Southern leaders had threatened to leave the Union if Lincoln won the election of 1860. Many South Carolinians, in particular, were convinced that Republican-sponsored emancipation would lead to bloody massacres as blacks sought vengeance against whites. In order to prevent this horror South Carolina seceded in December 1860, soon

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work