• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Do you agree with the view that the Great War resulted in a revolution in the art of warfare for the British Army (source 8, line 46)? Explain your answer using sources 7, 8 and 9.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Do you agree with the view that the Great War resulted in ?a revolution in the art of warfare for the British Army? (source 8, line 46)? Explain your answer using sources 7, 8 and 9. Many believe in the view that the Great War did result in a revolution in the art of warfare for the British Army as battles fought during and after the Somme, ended with outstanding results and developed various techniques which had changed the way the British army fought in the further battles. Sources 7 and 8 are both positive sources which highlight the significance of the tactics developed and how the huge advances in technology were put to use by the British army which led to the German surrender, however source 9 disagrees with sources 7 and 8 and rather, concludes that the British army was not the ?most advanced.? The techniques developed ?gave a striking proof of the enormous advance made by the new British Army? (S7) within the years 1916-1918. During the battle of the Somme, 19,000 had died just on the first day, however the attack near Amiens in 1918, ?was a masterpiece achieved with one tenth of the casualties it would have cost us in 1916?, implying that not only were techniques and tactics developed, casualties were also cut down, which shows that the British Army had improved somehow if not through the tactical ideas. ...read more.

Middle

?Tanks, mechanical transport, indirect fire by artillery, trench mortars, gas, portable machine-guns? (S8) were all ?huge advances in technology? (S8) made by what the BEF had become - a formidable military machine. ?All these innovations were seized and developed by the very generals? (S8), however, source 9 states that the British army?s superior officers were ?dull, inflexible senior officers? who ?were supposed to have been so resistant to change? (S8). However, the British army ?was not the most advanced and eager in new tactical ideas? (S9). For example, the Battle of the Somme attack, had been a disaster as they had ?an ongoing history of small wars in which the mobility was emphasised? (S9). They fired over 100,000 shells a day (shrapnel) which did nothing, and in total used 1 million shells, however, fuse 106 should have been used for effectiveness. Seven days and seven nights, the men were left with no food or water, leaving them hysterical. The British gave the German?s warning that they were going to attack, by setting off the enormous mine explosion off, eight minutes earlier than it should have been. Overall, July 1st 1916 was the worst day in British history with 57,000 casualties and almost 20,000 dying. The British had no intelligence of the German defences and they had gone from a breakthrough, to attrition leaving the battle to be a total disaster even through ?the ...read more.

Conclusion

The book highlights how commanders such as Haig, were still allowed to retain their positions in the army even after being the ones to blame for the high casualties, for example, Haig?s army suffered almost 60,000 casualties on the Battle of the Somme on the 1st of July, yet was still in command for more fighting. This book is negative as well as the extract from it, therefore, it cannot be seen as fully reliable as it is from an Australian perspective and not a British. In conclusion, I agree with the view that the Great War resulted in ?a revolution in the art of warfare for the British Army? (S8), as both source 7 and source 8 are seen to be reliable and trustworthy sources, and both conclude that improvements were made by the British army. The Great War was almost an eye-opener for the commanders who were so reluctant to change in strategies and techniques used by the army. Source 7 is from a Captain who experienced both the best and the worst of the British tactics and his memoir was published in 1930, making the source more reliable than the others. 1918 was the year that the British army really did have ?a revolution in the art of warfare?, concluding the Great War as a revolution for developing these tactics and techniques which changed the way the British ever commenced an attack again and led the German army to surrender. Zahraa Gooljar ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. To what extent were technological changes the biggest feature in the changing nature of ...

    Molkte realised the age of the frontal attack was over and new tactics had to be adopted, he was a stickler of tactics and attention to detail, despite this he was still flexible to new ideas and believed in a means to an end.

  2. "The first world war was the result of long-standing rivalries between the great powers". ...

    I believe the scramble for Africa cannot be considered to be an important long-standing rivalry between the European powers, due its effects. With respect to its time period, the scramble for Africa can be considered a long-standing rivalry, with respect to its consequences; it made for a weak and ineffective rivalry when considering its significance in bringing about war.

  1. What was the impact of transport improvements on the nature of warfare 1792-1945?

    These factors combined with the fact that Napoleon's Jominian Principle led to his final defeat in the Battle of Waterloo. The American Civil War so a battle between one very industrialised side against a very rural side. Even though there was this vast difference both sides used trains to manoeuvre resources to the front and mobilise men.

  2. Vietnam war

    * The tet offensive created a swing of the public's approval of johnson's handling of the war. * Beginning of de-escalation �Johnson : 'We shall accelerate the re-equipment of South Vietnam's armed forces... this will enable them progressively to take a larger share of combat operations against the communist invaders' � in his resignation speech.

  1. Russian Revolution Sources Questions

    from his position of General Secretary and give it to a man who is completely different to Stalin in all respects and find someone ' More patient, more loyal, more polite and more attentive to colleagues.' Lenin has obviously has personal experience of Stalin's faults and is warning the other communists of the dangers faced.

  2. Does Source A adequately explain the reasons for German Surrender at Stalingrad?

    where they sent the whole of the German Lufftewaffe on the Russian front against the city. For three days and nights the Germans dropped as many bombs on the city as they possibly could. This destroyed the city but not the people.

  1. The Somme Offensive Failure - analysis of the sources.

    Sometimes three horses were needed to drag one man out. An authentic instance was written by British Soldier Mark Plowman, who described the trenches of the Somme in November. ?The mud makes it all but impassable, and now sunk in it up to the knees, I have the momentary terror

  2. How far do the sources suggest that the British army leaders were not concerned ...

    He says that he is ?satisfied with their exertions? which further points out that he is knowledgeable about the overworked soldiers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work