• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

During Eisenhower's presidency what were the arguments for and against US intervention in Vietnam? How much did Eisenhower escalate the war?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

During Eisenhower's presidency what were the arguments for and against US intervention in Vietnam? How much did Eisenhower escalate the war? During 1954 to 1965, America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam. This was due to many important reasons, the most important being that of America's hatred of communism and the USA's need to contain it. Throughout these years the US president Eisenhower could have withdrawn and stopped giving aid to South Vietnam and the French, but didn't, as the he and presidents after him wanted to maintain their stature and not let Communist countries get any edge over them. From 1946 onwards the Vietminh, who were an organisation set-up and led by the patriotic communist Ho Chi Minh, fought heavily with the French. They fought with far more primitive weapons than the French who used modern powerful weapons supplied by the US. But where the Vietminh lost out on technology they made up with ferocity, patriotism and their tactics. ...read more.

Middle

Diem had no intention of holding the elections and stated that the communists would not allow free elections in the North. This broke the Geneva peace agreement and the USA supported his actions. This breached the agreement and the agreement was promised to be defended by the Americans. In order to keep peace in South Vietnam, in 1959 President Eisenhower poured in economical aid and modern weapons and sent military advisors. Eisenhower believed in the 'Domino theory', he thought that if Vietnam fell to Communism the surrounding countries would fall like dominoes around it. This was the main reason USA was involved. The historical reputation of Dwight D. Eisenhower, war hero and thirty-fourth president of the United States sank to a low point after he left the White House in January 1961. Although his personal popularity with the American public had not weakened during his eight years in office, the academic and journalistic communities that had criticized his occupancy, his policies, and his personal leadership continued to believe that he had lead ineffectually over an era of relative inactivity. ...read more.

Conclusion

Kennedy's New Frontier. They saw Eisenhower's conservative agenda as a program to benefit the privileged and the wealthy, a Republican reaction to the progress made under Democratic reformers. Liberal scribes and specialists condemned his refusal to take on 'the dark beast of the 1950s', Senator Joseph McCarthy. They ridiculed Eisenhower's efforts to achieve fiscal responsibility and decentralized government, claiming that these efforts were little more than a smokescreen covering the president's insensitivity to the needs of the less fortunate elements of American society. Eisenhower's foreign policy (which had, after all, resulted in seven-and-a-half years of peace) came in for somewhat less criticism. Nevertheless, many criticized Vice-president Nixon's emphasis on nuclear weapons and the doctrine of massive retaliation. Most of the criticisms, however, were directed at Eisenhower's supposed failure to pursue the cold war vigorously and successfully. Eisenhower's misguided efforts to balance the federal budget, it was said, had resulted in an inadequate military posture and an unwillingness to confront America's communist enemies in areas involving either conventional or guerilla warfare. The peace of the 1950s, it was thought, was simply a matter of luck. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Vietnam - reasons the US lost the war.

    South Vietnam government collapsed due to lack of support from its own people. Robert McNamara served as Defense Secretary during the Vietnam War and looks back after the lost of war and says "The Nixon administration, like the Johnson administration before it, could not give the South Vietnamese the essential ingredient for success; genuine indigenous political legitimacy."

  2. How did the USA escalate their involvement in Vietnam?

    In 1948, President Harry Truman presented the world with the Truman doctrine. The Truman doctrine was an American policy that stated that America would help any country in fighting the threat of communism. He thought that communism was something that wasn't chosen by the people, but something forced upon them.

  1. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    They planned to draw our forces, break us, crush us, but the opposite took place. They'd wanted a decisive battle and that's exactly what they got at Di�n Bien Ph� -- except that it was decisive for the Vietnamese and not for the French.

  2. I will be looking at how the U.S became increasingly involved Vietnam, the problems ...

    This source is a detailed piece of primary information. Although the film and the book were made after Ron's part in the Vietnam War, they were both created from events that happened while Ron was there. On the other hand, it could be said that this source is a biased piece of information.

  1. Is There Still an Imperial Presidency?

    In addition to this, Clinton's administration displayed its disrespect for the constitutional process and declared a one-sided power to wage war without congressional approval. An example was the 78-day air war conducted against Serbia in 1999 despite congress's formal refusal to approve the action.

  2. What Considerations led the USA to massive intervention in Vietnam?

    Initially the US was critical of French colonialist actions in Indo - China, (the US had opposed colonialism) but as it became apparent that the Vietminh were receiving aid from the Russians, and after 1949, Mao's government in China, their attitude changed and they were now fully supportive of the French.

  1. Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam in the 1950s and 1960s?

    Many villagers were 'justifiably' murdered on these occasions. The Massacres of My Lai are an example of this. Throughout the war, there was the High Body Count tactic, where it was believed that if the Americans just killed as many people as they possibly could, they would win the war.

  2. Evaluate the presidency of Dwight Eisenhower.

    He proceeds to present President Eisenhower's central intelligence agency as dangerously unsupervised and out of control. He does this by quoting President Eisenhower's own board of consultants on foreign intelligence and special assistant for national security (Schlesinger, 396-7). He blames Eisenhower for releasing a "dangerous virus in American society and life."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work