• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain Trotsky's Contribution to the Success of the Bolshevik's Up To 1922

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Josef Fleming Explain Trotsky's Contribution to the Success of the Bolshevik's Up To 1922 Leon Trotsky was a Russian Marxist, who organized the revolution that brought the Bolsheviks (later Communists) to power in Russia in October 1917. An outstanding administrator and an eloquent theorist, Trotsky held a number of important posts in the government of Soviet Russia and then that of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) until he was ousted for his opposition to Communist Party leader Joseph Stalin in 1925. In early 1917 Trotsky was forced to seek asylum in New York City after being deported first from France and then from Spain. He returned to Russia shortly after the outbreak of the February (or March, in the New Style calendar) phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917. ...read more.

Middle

a so-called "dictatorship of the proletariat"-in other words, a government ruled by the Bolsheviks on behalf of Russia's industrial workers and peasants. Trotsky was imprisoned for his opposition to the Provisional Government in August but was released on bail in early September and elected chairman of the Executive Committee of the Petrograd Soviet. By this time Lenin was in hiding for various reasons, so Trotsky took over preparations for the Bolsheviks' seizure of power. In October he led masses of soldiers and workers in the insurrection that brought down the Provisional Government-the second phase of the Russian Revolution. After the Bolsheviks gained power, Trotsky became commissar of foreign affairs in the new government led by Lenin. Trotsky was a principal figure in negotiations with Germany and the other Central Powers in early 1918. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although Trotsky lacked military training, he was a good organizer and easily won the respect and loyalty of his troops. It was largely because of Trotsky's military leadership that the Bolsheviks won the Russian Civil War. The Red Army had a superb leader in Leon Trotshky. He built up the army from nothing, introducing conscription for men over the age of eighteen. He appointed Tsarist officers and political commissars (fanatical Bolsheviks) to each unit of men to make sure that they carried out their orders correctly. Trotsky was personally very courageous, as he had a special train which took him and his army to the places where the fighting was hardest. Altogether, he was very important the success of the Bolshevik's as without him, the revolution may have failed, the negotiations for peace may have failed, and they would probably lost the civil war and communism would have fell. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    His opponents' armies also tended to be large. Hence battles became more setpiece artillery clashes, followed up by frontal assaults. He mass charge was used for battering through the enemy centre. * Casualties increased as a result - only 25,000 of the grand Armee survived Russia.

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    it painfully obvious that the war could not be won by military means. By the time of the October Revolution, even someone as closely linked to the Provisional Government as Alexander Verkhovsky, the minister of war, could conclude that the situation was hopeless, and that the only way of keeping

  1. Russia 1905-1941 'Explain how the unpopularity of the Provisional Government contributed to the Bolshevik ...

    and had failed to deliver on the fundamental issues of peace, land and bread. The Bolsheviks inherited the public's hopes. They did not hold a new vision of revolution but a speedier realisation of the original one (Wildman). Lenin's oratory, personality and leadership are the most important factors contributing to

  2. How Did Trotsky Contribute To

    This success also helped him stay in power. The Purges that occurred during Stalin's rule on The USSR were when a member of the Party was expelled from the group, usually because of bad behaviour or unreliability, the Purges and show trials were very important to his success.

  1. The enormous role that Trotsky played in the success of the Bolsheviks up until ...

    They were known as 'the Whites'. The first big problem was that whilst the Whites had an army the Bolsheviks, or 'the Reds' did not. Having proven himself as a clever and tactical military leader, Trotsky was made chairman of the supreme war council by Lenin.

  2. The Bolshevik revolution

    Another problem was the armistice signed on December 15, 1917, which ended Russia's involvement in the First World War. The treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed on March 16, 1918 and meant that Russia underwent a humiliating loss of territory including Poland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

  1. Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolshevik party up to 1922.

    This meant the Bolsheviks needed a new leader while Lenin was in exile. Trotsky took up this role, and kept the Bolshevik party going until Lenin returned from France and Switzerland. Without a leader while Lenin was away, the Bolsheviks would not have been ready for the revolution that brought them to power.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Cinema was taken up enthusiastically by the Communists, who realised its propaganda potential. Proletkino made political films. Culture in Stalin?s USSR - Cultural Revolution 1928-31: 1928 (the year of the First Five Year Plan): Cultural revolution started and lasted around three years.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work