• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922?

Extracts from this document...


Russia A. Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922? Trotsky was born in 1879 in a remote part of the Southern Ukraine. He was from a wealthy, Jewish family. Trotsky was at first a Menshevik and did not join the Bolshevks until 1917. this meant that those Bolsheviks who had been in the partry for many years were suspicious of him. He returned to Petrograd from exile in May 1917 and played a major part in organizing the Bolshevik takeover in October. Preferred to work as an individal rather than part of a team. Unwilling to work towords gaining support from other Bolsheviks. In many towns and cities the workers began to form new organisations called soviets the role of the soviets was to coordinate strikes and petition for the rights of the workers. the most powerful was the St Petersburg Soviet, it became a powerful body which threatened the Tsar. An important and popular figure in the soviet was Trotshy. ...read more.


To cling to power the Bolsheviks had to fight a bloody civil war and use terror against those who did not support them. By 1921 they had won the civil war eliminated their enemies and, strengthened their position. The Tsar and his family were murderd at Ekaterinburg. Trotsky explained why this happen " the execution of hte Tsar and his family was to horrify the enemy, shake up uor own ranks that there was no turning back. It was his brillance and fighting that was altanatley responsible for the Reds victory for the civil war. Trotsky created the Red Army to spead the power of the soviets and the Bolsheviks, and to defeat the White army. the army was inexperienced so he used professional army officers to organise it. He enforced constripion on men age 18 to 40 into the army and threated to shoot those who refused to obey and join the army. the ruthless meothods used by the Bolsheviks during the civil war to feed the army was called War Communism. ...read more.


that would bring together Marxists from different countries to promote world revolution. (The two would cofound the Third International-also known as the Communist International, or Comintern-in 1919). Trosky had a major role in preparating for the November Revolution of 1917. He played a major part in setting up and controlling the Military Revalutionary Committee. He also played a major part in plaining the detal of the November Revalution, so more historions say that he was more important than Lenin in the active revolution, as he was the main military leader. On the night of 6th November 1917, Trotsky led the Red Guard troops that took over strategic points of Petrograd, without much opposition. In the morning Trotsky then led them into the Winter Palace, and overthrew the Provisional Government. In conclusion Trotsky was recognised as a key strategist in the November Revolution of 1917 leading the Military Revolutionary Committee. He was appoined comissar for War, he created the Red Army and inspired the Reds to victory in the Civil War and was chief negotiator at Brest Litivsk. Lenin described him as the ablest man in the Central Committee. Ashling Cleere E20 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    After that, the economic campaign against Britain intensified. As First Consul in 1803, Napoleon banned British goods from north-western Europe. The Berlin Decrees of 1806 had more bite - the blockade of Britain would now mean that goods coming from Britain (and colonial) parts would be excluded and seized.

  2. After the second Revolution of October/November 1917, the Civil War took place (1918)-1921). Explain ...

    Trotsky also campaigned himself on a train giving orders, rallying the troops, raised fears about the Whites and generally gathered more support. The Cheka's brutal efficiency kept the people scared and They also managed to keep the towns and armies fed by forcing peasants to hand over food and then rationing it.

  1. How Did Trotsky Contribute To

    Therefore, needless to say, workers would have to work harder, Stalin picked up on this and said any worker not pulling their weight would be punished with treason. This helped Stalin stay in power because people knew they had to comply with and obey him.

  2. Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

    down Russia, supporting troops out on the field, and as a result, won their love and respect. Trotsky was also renowned for the train in which he used to travel up and down the different fronts. This train contained extra weapons, ammunition, medical supplies, boots, tobacco, propaganda and crack troops.

  1. The enormous role that Trotsky played in the success of the Bolsheviks up until ...

    Trotsky's next move was to sail the captured cruiser, the Aurora, up the River Neva to the winter palace on the evening of the 7th. A feeble army made up of the women's death battalion and a few teenage cadets; the only army brave enough to remain on the side of the government guarded what remained of the provisional government.

  2. Explain Leon Trotsky's Contribution to the Success of the Bolsheviks Up To 1922

    On the evening of 6th November 1917, Trotsky went to the Peter and Paul Fortress, this housed the majority of Russian arms, it is located on an island in the middle of the river Neva in Petrograd, he bribed the troops guarding the fortress and his troops were given access to powerful munitions.

  1. Stalin Vs. Trotsky.

    None of the other groups found this pose to its taste. During the years just before World War I Trotsky's anti-factionalist stand became in effect an anti-Leninist one. After the war began he went to New York, and it was from there that he traveled to Russia in the spring of 1917.

  2. Account for the success of the Bolsheviks in gaining power in Russia by 1922.

    Reforms and visible improvement in the peasant way of life were vital if the government wished to gain their support and maintain its power. However, revolutionary forces, suppressed under Tsarist Russia came to the surface under the new, weaker and less repressive Provisional Government to create a body known as the Soviet.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work