• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Explain why it was Stalin rather than Trotsky who succeeded Lenin as ruler of the USSR"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Succession of Lenin - Stalin or Trotsky 24th January 2004 "Explain why it was Stalin rather than Trotsky who succeeded Lenin as ruler of the USSR" After Lenin's death in 1924, there was a struggle between the leading Bolsheviks to succeed Lenin as leader of the USSR. In the end, it emerged as a contest between Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. There were several reasons why it was Stalin rather than Trotsky who succeeded Lenin, and it is these I shall be exploring in this essay. Trotsky seemed like the obvious successor, and consequently he became inactive. He was over-confident, arrogant, and failed to take any threat seriously, least of all the quiet Stalin and so did nothing to try to discredit Stalin or reverse the damage Stalin did to him. In late 1923, when Trotsky needed to be at his most active, he became ill with a malaria-like disease. ...read more.

Middle

He also failed to compromise or heal arguments with Bolsheviks like Zinoviev who could have supported him as he put his beliefs over power due to his over-confidence. His maintenance of beliefs led to his statement of the opposition leaders criticizing the Politburo majority after Zinoviev's removal, his demonstrations on the anniversary of the October revolution and his failure to accept the XV Congress' decision which gave anyone with a Politburo majority the power to remove him from the party. Stalin's deviousness and cunning went unhindered as a result of Trotsky's inactiveness. He deceived Trotsky about the date of Lenin's funeral so Trotsky did not appear while appearing the biggest mourner, set up the Cult of Lenin and became associated with the deceased whenever possible to sway the public towards him. Stalin stayed out of the Zinoviev, Kamenev and Trotsky conflict to emerge as a candidate for succesion. ...read more.

Conclusion

Stalin used this Politburo majority to have Trotsky, as a result of his maintenance of beliefs, removed from the Politburo and any real chance of succeeding Lenin. Stalin used his exploited position to remove Trotsky from the party and dominate the XV Congress which's decision of removing all of Stalin's opponents Trotsky could not accept for his beliefs, and have him exiled to Siberia with no power to succeed Lenin and Stalin with it all. In conclusion, it was a combination of linked factors which resulted in Stalin rather than Trotsky succeeding Lenin. What Trotsky did to loose; Trotsky's inactiveness, his unpopularity with the party caused by his maintenance of strong beliefs. And then what Stalin did to win; Stalin's cunning, single-minded ambition and political exploitation which resulted in the order of events leading to the consequential expulsion of Trotsky from the party and exile to Siberia in 1927, which finally saw Stalin rather than Trotsky succeed Lenin as ruler of the USSR. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Compare the Characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin

    During the Civil war however, Russia managed to regain some of the lost territories. As part of Lenin's strategy to change Russia, he set up the Cheka, a secret police organisation. The Cheka were responsible for dealing with law and order and political opposition, to gain information, they would often torture and beat the prisoners, before finally executing them.

  2. Stalin Vs. Trotsky.

    his most brilliant success was achieved in organizing the finally victorious Red Army. As war commissar he clashed with Stalin, who ensconced himself at Tsaritsyn with some of his old friends from Caucasus days and flouted Trotsky's authority. However, Stalin was as yet no adversary in the field of theory and policy, which Trotsky considered fundamental.

  1. Stalin and Trotsky

    people to express their opinions on problems and as a result, the people are getting in the way of his goals. For intellectuals, ideas are primarily developed in their heads and are rarely or never put into action as reality.

  2. Stalin and the Modernisation of the USSR

    The people confessed, they were out of Stalin's way, and Stalin was seen as a hero, getting rid of traitors.

  1. How Did Trotsky Contribute To

    The aims of these negotiations were to put an end to Russia's part in World War 1, but the only way to put a stop to their involvement was to give up some land to Austria and Germany, thus hoping to avoid their interest in entering Russia.

  2. Stalin succeeded as the leader to Lenin and not Trotsky for many reasons. He ...

    Trotsky then led his 5 million man army to victory so it was him who ensured the survival of the Bolshevik party. 2) Stalin succeeded as the leader to Lenin and not Trotsky for many reasons. He was very close to Lenin and had always been a loyal supporter of him.

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Key features of the plan: 1. Several huge projects. Eg. Construction of Magnitogorsk, a steel-producing city built from nothing mainly by young Communists. 2. Resources were targeted on heavy industry ? small-scale industry like enterprises catering for domestic goods for the home were starved of resources and declined.

  2. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin.

    Both of them believed in Communism, Socialism and in Revolution. Evidence which proves this believe of revolution was when for example Lenin argued that there should be a second revolution due to that demanding speech he made, known as the April Theses.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work