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FALKLANDS WAR

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Introduction

FALKLANDS WAR As soon as the war ended people wondered why Britain had won and why Argentina had lost. The conclusion made by the Americans is that it was that shifts in tactics, or weather may have changed the result of the war, but it would seem that Britain's training and leadership did decide the outcome. It is clear that the 25,000 men of the task force that sailed from Portsmouth in April 1982 were one of the most experianced, and certainly best trained forces that Britain had ever sent to war. Everyone who was sent to the Falkland's, from sailors to fighter pilots knew what his job was and therefore carried it out in the correct way that he was trained to do. Aswell as this the Brits had a very specialised and 'full proof' plan which fed the servicemen even when operating away from their bases. This was unlike with the Argentinean army. They had mostly joined the army by conscription with little training for war, the young men arrived proud and patriotic, but badly equipped or prepared for war. As well as this, the Argentinean food supply was easily broken down by the British early on with only officers being well fed and the conscripts having to find whatever food they could by raiding Stanley or stealing from supply depots. ...read more.

Middle

Only on the 30 May, did four fighters accompany the ships on a mission to attack the British carriers. This was the mission that used the last of the exocet missile held by the Argentinean forces. sadly for the Argentines despite using extra planning and refuelling twice, they unexpectedly ran into other British ships and the exocet was mistakenly launched against the British ship, the Avenger, which was then attacked by the remaining planes losing two aircraft without getting hit. The fact that the Argentines could not sink the carriers did not mean that the war was lost at 1st, but that the only way left to win it was by stopping a landing until supplies in the British ships ran low. The Falklands are not very hospitable places, with the weather being either very wet or very cold in winter. The main settlements provided the only shelter from the weather for the troops. It was always going to be impossible to guard against landings in every possible site, although there were bases all around the coast and at several other possible landing sites. An army which consists of amphibious vehicles is the weakest, and with no hope of stopping the landings or engaging immediately, there should have been an Argentine counter-attack as soon after the British forces came ashore at San Carlos. ...read more.

Conclusion

Menedez had no heart for a street battle in the Falklands capital and even though the Argentines still outnumbered the British, chose to surrender his remaining forces. It is all to easy when analysing the war to attribute a victory to one battle or one weapon. In the Falklands War it would be easy to do this by overemphasising the stunning performance of the Sea Harrier with its sidewinder missiles, but the truth of the matter is that in every area of the war, the Argentineans were outclassed in terms of technology and leadership. Having said that it was not a foregone conclusion and the bravery of the Argentine pilots could have turned the tables if there bombs had exploded. Once ashore the British were allowed to build up their strength and then took every Argentine position with skill and tactics. The fact that the Argentineans had more men was negated by the fact that they had to defend and so had to divide their forces, allowing the British to overwhelm them objective by objective. In conclusion the Falklands War was not a British victory because the Argentines fought badly, although their poor leadership and training did contribute, but because it was the British who controlled the war and decided that when they wanted to fight they would be victorious. ...read more.

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