• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

General Trotsky contributed to the success of the Bolsheviks by winning the support of the army. He did this by removing Kerensky and Kornilov.

Extracts from this document...


10. F Assessment objective 1 Q A: General Trotsky contributed to the success of the Bolsheviks by winning the support of the army. He did this by removing Kerensky and Kornilov. Trotsky, who was the leader of the Red Army, had overthrown the provisional government thus leading the Bolsheviks to power. On 6th November Leon Trotsky and the red guards took control of the post offices, state bank and the bridges on the evening of 7th November the red guards stormed the winter palace without much opposition. Kornilov was not able to maintain control of the army so the army turned over to the Bolsheviks where Leon Trotsky controlled them. Kerensky unpopularity was shown when there were no massive demonstrations demanding the return of Kerensky and his ideas. Trotsky was dedicated to the revolution even though many thought that this was the wrong way to change Russia. Trotsky contributed most to the Bolshevik success in February 1918. He contributed by negotiating peace with Germany. This is when the treaty of Brest-Litovsk was issued. This treaty was a severe blow to Russia, as it took lots of land and there was a fine of 300 million gold roubles. The treaty also took 25% of the population, 27% of Russia's farmlands, 26%of its railways and 75% of its iron ore. ...read more.


Another thing that acted against Trotsky was that he was too arrogant and made little effort to build up support from the ranks of the party, he offended senior party members but even more importantly, he did not take opposition seriously, and he was too arrogant and thought he would win any way. People mostly did not support Trotsky because of one thing he supported war communism he wanted it to spread through the world this meant that he would have to get people to fight in wars, and perhaps lose land and loved ones. Lenin's testament was only ignored because Lenin wrote a book that criticised all of the Bolshevik members in the end. The testament as I have said was in Trotsky's favour, had Lenin's testament been taken account of Stalin would have surely no have com to power another reason why Trotsky was unable to turn up by Stalin's deathbed was that he had gone on holiday and was extremely ill this was his misfortune. Another reason Stalin appeared, as Stalin's successor was that he played off his opponents against each other. He did this by siding with a pair of people and then removing the person they were against and then he turned one of the people against the other, when the second person was gone he would remove the third by siding with someone else. ...read more.


The NKVD also controlled the cult as they monitored the art and music of Russia. Most of the plays and the poems praised Stalin directly or indirectly. The NKVD also banned any sort of religious worship, as Stalin did not want the people to have loyalty to anyone else but him. Even education was controlled, children were taught not the way we are but under a Stalinist regime and were later sent to join the regime. "The teacher showed us her school textbooks where the portraits of party leaders had thick pieces of paper pasted over them as one by one they fell into disgrace-this the children had to do on instructions from their teacher... with every new arrest, people went through their books and burned the works of disgraced leaders in their stoves" Stalin's economic plans helped because they modernised Russia as Stalin said: "Throughout history Russia has been beaten again and again because she was backward..." They helped produce a lot more things than they would have without the five-year plans. Not only this but by 1937 the USSR was a modern state and it was this that saved it from defeat when Hitler invaded in 1941. This was because it had enough material to make ammunition and artillery. Without these five year plans Russia would surely have lost the battle. Though Stalin was a dictator and was widely feared it was he who helped Russia rise. 1,759 words in total Abdul Mufti History Coursework 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Russia 1905-1941 'Explain how the unpopularity of the Provisional Government contributed to the Bolshevik ...

    Lenin furthermore manipulated some fundamental ideas of Marxism to gain further support. Karl Marx deliberated that the land should be under state control, however the public believed this was un-due so Lenin said the people would have their own individual land.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    people were not given a fair trial and were often not even linked to the crime that was being investigated, but were instead made examples by their own government. "The Fall of the Provisional Government was due to its own Weakness not the strengths of the Bolsheviks" .

  1. "Mussolini was an all powerful dictator" - How accurate is this statement?

    The Fascist Party was divided and breaches appeared. As there were no other parties, some non-fascist politicians joined the fascist party but still had their previous beliefs, and most of all they did not have the same ambition for the party.

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    represent a fairly soft line on defense and the rule of the soviets, then one must also assume that the party would have suffered numerous defections at all levels. For example, it is inconceivable that P.E. Dybenko, who had been arrested once in 1915 for launching a mutiny and once

  1. Did Kerensky hand over power to the Bolsheviks?

    Blinded by optimism and patriotism Brusilov and Kerensky underestimated how unprepared the shambolic Russian army was. Simply the launching of an attack in an anti war nation was idiotic and led directly to the downfall of the Provisional government. After the June offensive, peace should definitely have been Kerensky's aim.

  2. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    involved a naval confrontation with Britain, but if so it, as well as the proposed invasion plans, had to be abandoned as the result of the heavy French losses at Trafalgar. * Napoleon's relations with his navy were happy or successful; he had no admiral to compare with Nelson, and no understanding of ships nor liking for the sea.

  1. How did Stalin, who was illustrated by Leon Trotsky himself as 'the most eminent ...

    Yet in 1929, the Rightists were in turn attacked, when Stalin removed his them, proving himself as the consummate player in this political chess game of power manipulation. 8 IV.A. Luck: The Nature of the infant Bolshevik State Unintentionally, the Party had assisted Stalin in assuming supremacy.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    The Third Five Year Plan, 1938-41: Prepared during 1937-8, although not formally adopted by the 18th Party Congress until March 1939. It had ambitious targets ? a 92% rise in industrial production over five years. It also promised to expand the provision of secondary education throughout the USSR.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work