• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How accurate is it to say that the controversy over indulgences were merely the trigger than the fundamental cause of Reformation?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐How accurate is it to say that the controversy over indulgences were merely the trigger than the fundamental cause of Reformation? In 1517 Martin Luther pinned the 95 theses on his local church door in Wittenberg. Historians have seen this as the trigger point of the German reformation. The 95 theses challenged the church over the selling of indulgences. An indulgence was the remission by the Pope of the temporal punishment in purgatory that is due for sins after absolution. These Indulgences were often sold at huge sums to people who want to rid them self?s of sin and bring themselves ?closer to God?, by reducing there time at purgatory. I agree that the ?trigger? was the challenge of the church by the 95 theses, but there were other factors that contributed to the start of the reformation and enabled the 95 theses to have a large impact on society. It was not unknown that there was anticlericalism growing through the century in the German nation. Papal abuses and the poor quality of the clergy meant that the Catholic faith was not being carried out efficiently. ...read more.

Middle

Alexander VI (1492-1503) led a scandalous personal life as well as committing multiple acts of simony and involving himself in political matters outside the papacy. Julius II (1503-1513) known as the ?Warrior Pope? can be seen as a pope who was engrossed in power as he tries to expand papal lands. Leo X (1513-1521) can be seen as a pope who lavishes in Rome on the German taxpayers money especially to build St Peters. These popes created a German hatred that can be stemmed from generations before, especially as the Popes were increasingly from the same family and Italian, where deep routes of hatred lie between the Germans. I believe that the papal abuses had always been seen in the papacy but the scale in the sixteenth century was unprecedented and the moving away from religious intentions to political was become far more provident. The Papal abuses were not limited to Popes; simony was rife in Germany as seen by Albrecht of Brandenburg. This meant that the new church posts were being taken up by uneducated rich people who would be constantly absent and often own multiple positions. ...read more.

Conclusion

Humanists can be seen as important in helping to provide Luther with his tools, such as translations in the bible as well as providing vital support and responses to his ideas, particularly in the early stage, showing that Luther was a voice through which other people would build upon. In conclusion I believe that the Indulgence controversy was the trigger of the reformation where so much tension between German people and the church had occurred. The indulgence controversy cannot be seen as a cause as it was an event caused by the factors explained. These factors can be seen as the fundamental causes of the reformation, many which had stemmed back generations such as clerical and papal abuses; taxation and poor educated clergy had been building up. The indulgence controversy was just bringing those factors in light. I believe that it is accurate to say that the 95 theses and the indulgences was a trigger. Luther was one of the first people to openly critises the church openly in Germany. It was the first stepping-stone that sparked of the revolution, but it would the way the church handled the situation and the support Luther would gain that would enable others triggers such Luthers other theological debates to continue. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. key stages in german revolution

    Ebert needed support so he made a very important deal with General Groaner, this deal was secret and it helped to crush communism, moreover Ebert also made a deal with the industrialists, trade unions and the workers. Ebert created workers rights and gave them an eight hour day, also in

  2. Do you agree that economic and social reasons were a key trigger in the ...

    Wolfgang Behringer found a correlation between intese periods of witch hunts and harsh climatic conditions which in turn helped to produce widespread famine and in Bavaria, this theory conformed closely to he pattern however it is less apparent in other parts of Europe, especially Scotland.

  1. Asses the contribution of the Jesuits to the Catholic revival in the Sixteenth Century

    Also in 1550, Iganatius Loyola founded the famous 'Cleggeium Romanum' in Rome to train priests for missionary work in protestant areas. Another evidence of their major influence for future elites was when Peter Canisius frequently tried to persuade Ferdinand to threaten Maximilian of disinheritance if he became protestant thus through

  2. The Roman Catholic Church was becoming increasingly unpopular in the Holy Roman Empire before ...

    As an alternative, the noblemen who held offices would often send in unsuitably qualified and lowly educated substitutes to manage the dioceses, but these stand-ins would be ignorant of the Church?s teachings and they would often cause troubles themselves by breaking Church rules.

  1. How accurate is it to say that the weakness of the Protestant forces was ...

    Therefore, states within the Empire were less willing to take on the Habsburgs because they feared the same would happen to them. Christian IV?s limited support is evident in 1629 when he withdrew Denmark from the war. Their lack of political support made the Protestants even easier to defeat and

  2. Why was Luther able to challenge the Catholic Church so successfully in the years ...

    A significant reason for his ideas proving popular is due to the church?s failures which at the time was becoming increasingly less tolerated and gave a clear example of the faults he was trying to highlight. The lack of tolerance towards the church was due to the fact that many

  1. Why was there a reformation in Germany in the 16th century?

    The programme also examines how established Christian society treated Jews, Muslims and alternative Christian groups. Pilgrimages, such as the one described in Chaucer?s Canterbury Tales, were hugely popular. Groups of pilgrims might travel thousands of miles to visit the relics of the holy dead, confident of a miracle.

  2. Notes on Cleopatra and her links with Rome

    This was almost unique in Antiquity. After the death of Ptolemy IV Philopator in 204, his son Ptolemy V Epiphanes was too young to rule and his wife Arsinoe was murdered. During this time the Seleucid king Antiochus III the Great and Philip V of Macedonia decided to attack the Ptolemaic empire and divide the booty.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work