• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How accurate is it to say that the controversy over indulgences were merely the trigger than the fundamental cause of Reformation?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐How accurate is it to say that the controversy over indulgences were merely the trigger than the fundamental cause of Reformation? In 1517 Martin Luther pinned the 95 theses on his local church door in Wittenberg. Historians have seen this as the trigger point of the German reformation. The 95 theses challenged the church over the selling of indulgences. An indulgence was the remission by the Pope of the temporal punishment in purgatory that is due for sins after absolution. These Indulgences were often sold at huge sums to people who want to rid them self?s of sin and bring themselves ?closer to God?, by reducing there time at purgatory. I agree that the ?trigger? was the challenge of the church by the 95 theses, but there were other factors that contributed to the start of the reformation and enabled the 95 theses to have a large impact on society. It was not unknown that there was anticlericalism growing through the century in the German nation. Papal abuses and the poor quality of the clergy meant that the Catholic faith was not being carried out efficiently. ...read more.

Middle

Alexander VI (1492-1503) led a scandalous personal life as well as committing multiple acts of simony and involving himself in political matters outside the papacy. Julius II (1503-1513) known as the ?Warrior Pope? can be seen as a pope who was engrossed in power as he tries to expand papal lands. Leo X (1513-1521) can be seen as a pope who lavishes in Rome on the German taxpayers money especially to build St Peters. These popes created a German hatred that can be stemmed from generations before, especially as the Popes were increasingly from the same family and Italian, where deep routes of hatred lie between the Germans. I believe that the papal abuses had always been seen in the papacy but the scale in the sixteenth century was unprecedented and the moving away from religious intentions to political was become far more provident. The Papal abuses were not limited to Popes; simony was rife in Germany as seen by Albrecht of Brandenburg. This meant that the new church posts were being taken up by uneducated rich people who would be constantly absent and often own multiple positions. ...read more.

Conclusion

Humanists can be seen as important in helping to provide Luther with his tools, such as translations in the bible as well as providing vital support and responses to his ideas, particularly in the early stage, showing that Luther was a voice through which other people would build upon. In conclusion I believe that the Indulgence controversy was the trigger of the reformation where so much tension between German people and the church had occurred. The indulgence controversy cannot be seen as a cause as it was an event caused by the factors explained. These factors can be seen as the fundamental causes of the reformation, many which had stemmed back generations such as clerical and papal abuses; taxation and poor educated clergy had been building up. The indulgence controversy was just bringing those factors in light. I believe that it is accurate to say that the 95 theses and the indulgences was a trigger. Luther was one of the first people to openly critises the church openly in Germany. It was the first stepping-stone that sparked of the revolution, but it would the way the church handled the situation and the support Luther would gain that would enable others triggers such Luthers other theological debates to continue. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How important were the events at Mnster 1534-5 in causing the failure of the ...

    4 star(s)

    accomplished a huge amount as there were so few people in each sect compared to the group as a whole so is another reason for their failure. This was the reason why it was so easy for the Catholic and Protestant forces to take out each little part individually.

  2. Cities were the main driving force of the Reformation in Germany(TM) " explain whether ...

    However, as a result of Luther's ideas been so flexible and open to interpretation, Luther did face problems concerning people construing his message in ways that he had not originally intended. For example, the Peasants Revolt in 1525 and Andreas Carlstadt's interpretations.

  1. Do you agree that economic and social reasons were a key trigger in the ...

    Wolfgang Behringer found a correlation between intese periods of witch hunts and harsh climatic conditions which in turn helped to produce widespread famine and in Bavaria, this theory conformed closely to he pattern however it is less apparent in other parts of Europe, especially Scotland.

  2. Asses the contribution of the Jesuits to the Catholic revival in the Sixteenth Century

    Also in 1550, Iganatius Loyola founded the famous 'Cleggeium Romanum' in Rome to train priests for missionary work in protestant areas. Another evidence of their major influence for future elites was when Peter Canisius frequently tried to persuade Ferdinand to threaten Maximilian of disinheritance if he became protestant thus through

  1. key stages in german revolution

    The revolution from below was a stage in Germany when the government changed from a constitutional monarchy into a Republic which was a much better form of Liberal Democracy.

  2. How far was personal gain the motivation for Imperial Princes to join Luthers Reformation? ...

    Becoming Lutheran would mean not having to pay the high church taxes which In the 16th Century Germany were some of the highest taxes in Europe. For most princes this meant suffering economies had a much brighter future, for merchants in these states and even peasants it was a welcome.

  1. Explain how Luthers background and personal experiences made him likely to rebel against the ...

    During these studies he saw the problems with indulgences and began his teachings against them which later lead to his 95 Theses that he nailed to the door of Wittenberg University, possibly so people could meet and discuss but saw in the church as a way of starting his fight against them personally.

  2. The Roman Catholic Church was becoming increasingly unpopular in the Holy Roman Empire before ...

    As an alternative, the noblemen who held offices would often send in unsuitably qualified and lowly educated substitutes to manage the dioceses, but these stand-ins would be ignorant of the Church?s teachings and they would often cause troubles themselves by breaking Church rules.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work