• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How accurate is Trotsky's account of the causes of the Kronstadt rebellion?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How accurate is Trotsky's account of the causes of the Kronstadt rebellion? A. Plan of investigation The subject of investigation, as stated in the title is to determine how accurate Leon Trotsky's account of the Kronstadt rebellion is. I intend to carry this task out by collecting and studying primary sources - and as many other sources as possible - on the issue at hand, subsequently, all the sources are to be tested and evaluated. B. Summary of evidence * Source 1: Declaration of the Kronstadt rebels In this source the rebels state that the glorious proletarian state that was talked of with so much verve during the fall of the tsarist regime, has been replaced by a prison like state in which the worker is forced to work long and hard by militarised trade unions. The rebels declare that the uprisings of the peasants and workers - that occur simply due to the terrible circumstances of their lives - are responded to with "mass executions", and "bloodthirstiness", which the rebels claim is worse even than that of the tsarist generals. The rebels say that the aim of the rebellion is to liberate the workers "from the three-year violence and oppression of communist Domination". ...read more.

Middle

Also if we look into later years we see the communist dictatorship that was established; hence perhaps it was already rearing its ugly head at this time. Secondly, the rebels allege that all the uprisings that take place due to the lack of food, terrible working conditions etc. are responded to with "mass executions", and "bloodthirstiness". Here I am forced to be slightly sceptical. Yes, it is true that the Bolsheviks crushed all the uprisings that took place. But were their methods of crushing them as severe as the methods described? Perhaps it would be advisable to tone the remarks down to come to the real story? Ultimately, the rebels claim that the aim of the rebellion was to liberate the workers "from the three-year violence and oppression of communist Domination". This is an extremely reactionary statement and to some extent unmasks the disguised attempt to promote soviet power that Lenin talks about; It does this by showing the rebels desire to gain control as everyone did in Russia at the time. I believe that it illustrates the rebel's resentment towards the Bolsheviks and jealousy towards them for not getting to the "throne" first. Also this source is taken from What We Are fighting For, News of the Kronstadt Temporary Revolutionary Committee, and may be subject to propaganda aimed at getting the rebels rallied up for the rebellion ahead. ...read more.

Conclusion

and showed the hostility of the peasants towards the worker, the arrogance of the sailors and soldiers and the hatred of the middle class for revolutionary discipline - appeared to be very possible. However the problem with deciding whether Trotsky's account of the Kronstadt rebellion is accurate is that Trotsky does not write much. Most of what he writes seems to be true, nevertheless, he does not write much. So in conclusion, yes Trotsky's account of the Kronstadt rebellion does appear to a certain extent to be accurate. F. List of sources * Source 1: Declaration of the Kronstadt rebels From What We Are fighting For, News of the Kronstadt Temporary Revolutionary Committee (8 March 1921) * Source 2: Lenin on causes of the Kronstadt Rebellion From Lenin's draft resolution for the Tenth Party of Congress (8-16 March 1921) * Source 3: Lenin on the importance of the Rebellion From an interview between Lenin and an American reporter, published in the New York Herald Tribune (15 March 1921) * Source 4: Trotsky on the Kronstadt Rebellion From a letter written in Mexico by Trotsky (21 August 1937) * Source 5: An analysis of the Communists' strategy at Kronstadt From The Kronstadt Uprising (1971) by I. Mett. * Source 6: The importance of the Kronstadt rebellion From The Russian Tragedy (1922) by A. Berkman ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. The causes of the show trials and purges of the 1930’s

    effort to perform the 'Party purges' more effectively a Central Purging Commission (CPC) was established30, and quickly became very effective in eliminating unwanted elements of the Party in rural Russia. This commission acted very efficiently and on January 17, 1934, Stalin announced on behalf of the CPC that the 'Party

  2. "Mussolini was an all powerful dictator" - How accurate is this statement?

    Consequently Mussolini survived the crisis and stayed in power and continued his repressive violence especially against political opponents such as the Rosselli brothers who were assassinated by fascists who were sent after them by Mussolini. Then finally he introduced the Legge Fascistissime decree which meant that all opposition parties and

  1. Stalin Vs. Trotsky.

    they must push on to socialism, even if the world revolution was still further delayed. Authority for such an effort could be found in Lenin. Like Lenin, Trotsky believed the building of socialism could begin in Russia alone. But what Stalin did was to assert that it could be completed with success and to furnish reasons for his contention.

  2. The enormous role that Trotsky played in the success of the Bolsheviks up until ...

    Trotsky, however, never the defeatists, rushed to Petrograd to take personal command. Trotsky described Zinoviev, the Bolshevik already in charge, as 'panic personified'. A week later Trotsky helped organise a successful counter-attack forcing the white armies to retreat. This was the turning point of the civil war that was later

  1. How Did Trotsky Contribute To

    got on and also publicly with Lenin and his policies but it was quite well known to the public that he disliked them due to the likeness to capitalist policies. It was said that Trotsky should be the new leader of the Bolshevik party due to his incredible influence on

  2. The Hidden Facets of Bolshevism - Friends and Foes of the Working Class.

    was his formula for saving the next generation from the injustices and inequalities of the present - by subjecting it to the horrors of the present ? Lenin was the most prominent leader of the Bolshevik party since its formation in 1903.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work