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How did the Balkan events influence the society of both the Balkan Peninsula and the rest of Europe?

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How did the Balkan events influence the society of both the Balkan Peninsula and the rest of Europe? In the 19th century there was a big concern about what to do with the Balkan states. It was an issue of international affairs throughout the nineteen century. The Ottoman was the vast ramshackle empire, which contained so many different nationalities and religions so that preserving it was a daunting task. It consisted of: Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Moldavia, Wallachia, Turkey, Armenia, Syria, Montenegro, Egypt, Tripoli, Tunis, Algeria, Romania and Greece. All of them wanted to gain independence from Turkey so they started to fight for their rights. Great Powers Russia, Great Britain, France, Austria and Prussia couldn't stay aside, they wanted to take advantage of the Balkan crisis. As the result there were many conflicts in the 19th century: the Greek revolt and the Russian-Turkish war in 1828-29, the Crimean War 1953-56 and the Balkan crisis in 1875-8. All of them had impact on destroying balance of power in Europe and changed relationships between Great powers. ...read more.


Montenegro also gained independence in 1867. After another Balkan crisis 1875-78 when Bosnia and Herzegovina and than in 1876 Bulgaria, Montenegro and Serbia started war against Turkey, Bulgaria became independent but divided into 3 regions of influence, Serbia, Montenegro and Romania became completely independent countries and they didn't have to be worry about Turkey any more. The second thing that brought Balkan crisis were important improvements. One of the most important reforms coming out of the Crimean War were led by Florence Nightingale, who not only changed the operation of military hospitals, but invented the nursing profession for women. There were others at the time who wanted to have better run military hospitals, not only on the Allied side but also on the Russian side as well. During the Crimean the ineptitude was made public by an inquiring press in the person of William Russell a London Times correspondent. Russell is often seen as the first modern war correspondent. Some of his cables reported even more outrageous problems, such as supply corps not delivering food to starving soldiers 6 miles away. ...read more.


There were serf uprisings everywhere. Russia's disastrous performance in the Crimea War caused many Russians, including members of the aristocracy and urban intellectuals, to realize that Russia's only hope for military survival lay in modernization. This would have to include industrialization, improvements to communications and the need for a railway system.. Less than two weeks after signing the Treaty of Paris in 1856 which ended the Crimea War Alexander proclaimed a program of social reform. Almost immediately, Alexander: released the surviving Decembrists and other rebels from exile , removed many thousands from police supervision, lifted restrictions imposed on university students, ordered a revision of the censorship regulations, suspended recruitment for the army, cancelled outstanding taxes, showed more tolerance to Poland and the Catholic Church. The most notable reform was the emancipation of the serfs in 1861. According to my essay, it is noticeable that the Balkan Crisis had impact on the society. It cause nationalistic upheavals and thanks to it many nations in Balkan peninsula gained independence. It also brought the need of improving medical war system and created the new profession of the war correspondent. It was also the cause of many reforms in Russia that made Russian life easier. ...read more.

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