• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the Balkan events influence the society of both the Balkan Peninsula and the rest of Europe?

Extracts from this document...


How did the Balkan events influence the society of both the Balkan Peninsula and the rest of Europe? In the 19th century there was a big concern about what to do with the Balkan states. It was an issue of international affairs throughout the nineteen century. The Ottoman was the vast ramshackle empire, which contained so many different nationalities and religions so that preserving it was a daunting task. It consisted of: Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Moldavia, Wallachia, Turkey, Armenia, Syria, Montenegro, Egypt, Tripoli, Tunis, Algeria, Romania and Greece. All of them wanted to gain independence from Turkey so they started to fight for their rights. Great Powers Russia, Great Britain, France, Austria and Prussia couldn't stay aside, they wanted to take advantage of the Balkan crisis. As the result there were many conflicts in the 19th century: the Greek revolt and the Russian-Turkish war in 1828-29, the Crimean War 1953-56 and the Balkan crisis in 1875-8. All of them had impact on destroying balance of power in Europe and changed relationships between Great powers. ...read more.


Montenegro also gained independence in 1867. After another Balkan crisis 1875-78 when Bosnia and Herzegovina and than in 1876 Bulgaria, Montenegro and Serbia started war against Turkey, Bulgaria became independent but divided into 3 regions of influence, Serbia, Montenegro and Romania became completely independent countries and they didn't have to be worry about Turkey any more. The second thing that brought Balkan crisis were important improvements. One of the most important reforms coming out of the Crimean War were led by Florence Nightingale, who not only changed the operation of military hospitals, but invented the nursing profession for women. There were others at the time who wanted to have better run military hospitals, not only on the Allied side but also on the Russian side as well. During the Crimean the ineptitude was made public by an inquiring press in the person of William Russell a London Times correspondent. Russell is often seen as the first modern war correspondent. Some of his cables reported even more outrageous problems, such as supply corps not delivering food to starving soldiers 6 miles away. ...read more.


There were serf uprisings everywhere. Russia's disastrous performance in the Crimea War caused many Russians, including members of the aristocracy and urban intellectuals, to realize that Russia's only hope for military survival lay in modernization. This would have to include industrialization, improvements to communications and the need for a railway system.. Less than two weeks after signing the Treaty of Paris in 1856 which ended the Crimea War Alexander proclaimed a program of social reform. Almost immediately, Alexander: released the surviving Decembrists and other rebels from exile , removed many thousands from police supervision, lifted restrictions imposed on university students, ordered a revision of the censorship regulations, suspended recruitment for the army, cancelled outstanding taxes, showed more tolerance to Poland and the Catholic Church. The most notable reform was the emancipation of the serfs in 1861. According to my essay, it is noticeable that the Balkan Crisis had impact on the society. It cause nationalistic upheavals and thanks to it many nations in Balkan peninsula gained independence. It also brought the need of improving medical war system and created the new profession of the war correspondent. It was also the cause of many reforms in Russia that made Russian life easier. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    The USA cut off all aid to Cuba and Castro then nationalised all businesses. He was not at first a Communist, but US actions forced him to accept aid from the Soviet Union. * In 1960 the Soviet Union signed an agreement to buy 1,000,000 tonnes of Cuban sugar every year.

  2. Russia: a Century of Upheaval.

    But let us not forget that many of us were alive when the Soviet Union fell, and that, for us, the cold war meant life and death. For if a few things had occurred differently, or if certain situations had not been dealt with as they were, we might never have been born.

  1. The First World War was the result of a badly mismanaged Balkan crisis in ...

    By the early 1900s the emergence of new nations like Germany and Italy and the decline of empires like Austria-Hungary changed the former balance in Europe. Nationalism was widespread in the continent; it had brought about the unification of Germany by "blood and anguish", proud Germany wanted her "place in

  2. War was raging in Europe in 1940 and Britainwas in big trouble.

    affairs" secretly he would have been in a rage about this incident as although he proclaimed it as a great victory, 50,000 men were lost and vast amounts of British equipment were left behind and so Britain was left on its knees with no outside help and on the brink of a German invasion.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work