• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the Bolsheviks Win the Civil War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How did the Bolsheviks Win the Civil War? 10. Study carefully pp.90-91, Looking at each section. Do you think the Reds won the Civil War or were it more a case of the Whites losing? Use plenty of evidence to support your answer. Were the reds a superior army, were they strong and powerful or was it just the case of the Whites being a weak and unprepared army? The Whites were an oversized mob rather than a trained and organised army, the Red's were defending rather than offending and the geography of Russia helped the Reds substantially. Various factors effected the final outcome of the civil war and it seems that the Whites were inferior but the Reds were only just superior. The Bolshevik Red army was a single group unified under one cause and had a strong command structure. Trotsky and other leaders beat the Red Army into shape. The Reds were turned into a well-equipped and well-disciplined army. In contrast to this the Whites were unorganised and all united under different banners. ...read more.

Middle

He led the Red army to victory by combining clever tactical manoeuvres with a strict discipline. The army was fighting also in fear of their superior officers and punishments if they failed. The Whites did not have a strong figurehead or a single strong leader. This meant there was confusion of orders and a lack of discipline and control over the troops. This meant that the Bolsheviks were stronger in this area of the war as well. But the Whites were particularly weak, it seems it is mainly to do with the lack of organisation of the Whites compared to the Reds. The Reds were not amazingly supervised but compared to the Whites they come of very well. Both sides knew that the bulk of the army lied within the support of the peasants. The peasants seemed to have no real feelings and opinions on either side and there loyalties laid with neither. But in previous times Lenin had given them the right to claim their land and own it for themselves. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Reds had advantages that were more than being a better or stronger army. Foreign intervention could have and should have been the saviour of the Whites as it would have armed their forces and increased numbers ten fold but this was not to be. Another bonus for the Reds as the foreign efforts was weak and half-hearted. It also provided the Bolsheviks with tactical propaganda to do with how the Whites were 'selling out Russia and the Reds were fighting for their company'. The Foreign support should have helped the Whites but in the end the Reds gained more from the Propaganda than the Whites did from the interventions. Over all it is apparent that the Whites were not only suffering from not being a well structured army or even political group but also various factors that were out of their control were influencing their failure. The Reds were stronger but they were also able to gain strength and win by taking advantage of the Whites failures. I feel it is definitely more of the case that the Whites failed as an army rather than a clear victory by the Reds. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Why did the Bolsheviks win the Civil War

    The Red Army also closed down newspapers which opposed them. The CHEKA was created, the Bolshevik secret police. The CHEKA murdered any whites they found - more than 7000 people were executed, and the Red Army generals were kept loyal by taking their families hostage - so the Bolsheviks were

  2. Why did the Bolsheviks win the civil war?

    Overall I believe that the weaknesses of the whites were a major advantage for the Bolsheviks but I think that even if the Whites army was as strong as the Reds they would still not have beaten the Bolsheviks this is because the Bolsheviks had complete unity and organisation whereas the whites had neither.

  1. Why Did the Bolsheviks Win the Russian Civil War?

    The Cheka was set up in December 1917 and was led by Felix Dzerzhisnky and by summer 1918 the Cheka had 40,000 agents. In July Socialist Revolutionaries assassinated the German Ambassador in opposition to the peace talks, and staged an uprising.

  2. Trotsky - Succession, Revolutionary Success, Civil War Hero, Death, Failure and End

    According to Westwood, on the orchestration of the October Revolution, 'organising the insurrection was mainly the work of Trotsky'14. This was a direct result of his taking advantage of the Kornilov affair so effectively, for the 'revitalisation of the Soviets in the wake of the Kornilov crisis'15 also saw the

  1. Why did the Reds win the Civil War?

    By the summer of 1918, the Civil War was fully underway. Leon Trotsky lead the Reds to victory, despite the criticism aimed at him over the Czech Legion issue, he was a brilliant War Commissar. Untrained in military matters, Trotsky used his natural ability as a leader of men.

  2. Why Did The Bolsheviks Win The Civil War?

    factories), control of the railways (vital), an army of 300,000 men, very strict army discipline, and internal lines of communication - giving them the advantage in the war. When Kolchak was defeated in 1919, the foreign armies went home. The last white army was defeated in the Crimea in 1920.

  1. Why did the Bolsheviks win the Civil War?

    The Red Army was central, based in and around Moscow and Petrograd, the major cities of Russia.

  2. Why did the reds win the civil war

    They captured the strategic city of Simbirsk and between May 1918 and August 1918, captured so much territory that they controlled the Trans-Siberian railway from Simbirsk to Vladivostok. The Czechs were a serious problem to Trotsky as the Communist military commander in the civil war.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work