• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did The Second world War help Mussolini Gain power?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Marie Edmunds History Essay How did The Second world War help Mussolini Gain power In this essay I will firstly talk about the state Italy was in after the First World War. Secondly what actions Mussolini took to gain power and what events made people turn to him. War had disastrous effects on Italy economically and politically. This gave Mussolini a great chance to seize power. Italy had lost 460'000 soldiers during the First World War, and the government was left with many new problems. The fist one was the people dissatisfaction with the territorial settlement made at the Paris peace Conference. Many Italians had expected big territorial gains after the war. They were promised places such as Trentino, Dalmatia, the coastal districts of Albania, a share in the divisions of Ottoman Empire and German Colonies in Africa. However they never got any German colonies or land in Asia Minor, Albania or Dalmatia. Causing much resentment against the weak and unsuccessful government. Unemployment was also rising drastically causing unrest in towns. Due to this some people started supporting the Communists As the government became increasingly unpopular, many Italians turned to support the Socialist Party and the Catholic Party who were both popular in the 1919 elections. ...read more.

Middle

However Mussolini did start to gain support. Because of ex-soldiers dislike of the Liberal Government Mussolini was able to establish the Fascio di Combattimento. This was a movement, not a party and they sought support from all patriotic Italians. Mussolini also gained support due to that fact that Mussolini was a brilliant orator. He appealed to all sections of society. ' Particular as the population as a whole were weak minded and uneducated'. Mussolini also influenced people through his newspaper, II Popolo D' Italia. Mussolini attracted people because off its radical socialists ideas but then soon changed its policy to one of extreme anti socialism and in April 1911 Fascists burnt the Avanti Offices. They also engaged in other acts of violence against the Socialists such as pouring caster oil over them and simply beating them up. Other fascist's squadrisms as well as Fascio Di Combattimento did this. Both of these were completely independent on Mussolini movement and Mussolini himself. By late 1920 Fascism had really taken off, attracting not just wealthy but the Bourgeoisie and also shareholders as well as the people who were hostile towards the socialist. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is interesting to note that the lack of unity within the liberal government finally brought about their downfall, as one of the leading men in the government at the time, Solandra asked the King specifically to offer Mussolini the job as Prime Minister simply because he wanted to prevent one of his liberal colleagues, Giolitti, from becoming it. In conclusion to this essay i Mussolini was able to come to power in 1922 primarily because of his ability to influence people, and because he could to intimidate them. Mussolini won support from key areas, such as the church, the monarchy and the economic elite and using this support to crush socialism. However there were many other factors that caused the Fascists rise to power in 1922. War is one of the main factors. The people disliked the government in both foreign and domestic affairs. The government failed to sort out the problems that were caused by war. The treat of a socialist revolution made many Italians desire for a strong government, which could impose law and order in the country, and Mussolini offered this. And finally the liberal government and King Victor Emmanuel feared Fascism less than Socialist revolution and they capitulated at the threat of a March on Rome. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Why was Mussolini able to come to power?

    In response to the 'mutilated victory', Gabriele D'Annunzio personified the core of what Italians wanted, a decisive figure intent on bringing Italy greatness. In September 1919 he D'Annunzio marched 2,000armed men into the city of Fieume and occupied it, directly defying the government.

  2. Why did Mussolini's Fascist Party become popular in Italy after the First World War?

    I do not feel Mussolini would have been completely satisfied with this arrangement as the Church was never brought completely under Fascist control, there were arguments over religious education and the Catholic Action became a popular refuge amongst anti-Fascists. Mussolini developed the education system to bring it under state control.

  1. Vietnam war

    Anti-War Movement: * Attracting members from college campuses, middle-class suburbs, labor unions, and government institutions, the movement gained national prominence in 1965, peaked in 1968, and remained powerful throughout the duration of the conflict. * Perhaps the most significant development of the period between 1965 and 1968 was the emergence

  2. Why did Mussolini come to Power in 1922?

    An important step in the growth of the Fascist Party, and therefore inevitably in why Mussolini was able to come to power, came from the Italian church. Even today Italy, and the Pope is an extremely significant centre of world religion and Mussolini realised that it would be to his advantage to gain the support of the church.

  1. The origins of the first world war

    Britain secured a great empire that stretched a quarter of the globe, including Canada, India, Egypt and Australia. As an island nation and the empire been thousands of miles away from home shores; Britain would need a powerful navy to protect the vital trade.

  2. Why was Mussolini able to come to power?

    The strike was a failure in any case, but it enabled Mussolini to pose as the enemy of Communism, and the savior of the country. 6.The March on Rome: by autumn 1922, the fascists felt strong and confident enough to bid for power.

  1. Unification of Germany and the period up to the second world war

    them annoyed, thought alliance with AH was most important and that was it and no others were maintained, lack of political development IV. Effects * Built on Bismarck's base and had modern economy did not evolve democratically, backward political system, top people had to be very good, William not a

  2. Explain why women failed to gain the vote 1900-1914

    Anti-suffrage groups were then formed in 1908 protesting against the vote for women. They too used similar methods of campaigning to the NUWSS by petitioning, producing newspapers and leaflets, and holding meetings. The Anti-suffrage League was founded by Mary Humphrey Ward in 1908 consisting of male and female members that

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work