• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far did the establishment of the Congress of the People Campaign and the Freedom Charter mark a turning point in the progress of Black African Nationalism in South Africa?

Extracts from this document...


How far did the establishment of the Congress of the People Campaign and the Freedom Charter mark a turning point in the progress of Black African Nationalism in South Africa? Black African nationalism is defined as sovereignty for Black Africans, independence from outside powers, emphasis of Black African culture and pride and finally equal rights for Black Africans. The establishment of the Congress of the People Campaign marked a turning point in Black African nationalism because the different forms of nationalism aligned as one Anti-Apartheid force. Black Africans campaigned on their own in the struggle to achieve nationalism because they wanted sovereignty, independence, equal rights and cultural pride. ...read more.


It was a turning point because prior to both the Campaign and the Freedom Charter, Black Africans wanted to accommodate within a white society. However this was no longer a campaign seeking to gain mere rights while adopting an accomdationist aproach in a racially oppressive economical, political and social society. The adoption of the freedom charter meant restructuring each component of the current South Africa. Nonetheless it was significant because it created strong foundations supported by thousands in which future progress and rights could be measured and attained In addition the charter addressed the needs of the people in all aspects of life as well as being precise, its policies and objectives were direct. ...read more.


The ANC Youth League abdicated and joined the PAC, and key figures such as Oliver Tambo were exiled from South Africa. In conclusion the Congress of the People Campaign and the Freedom Charter which followed were turning points in the struggle for nationalism because it was an alliance between Black Africans and other anti-apartheid forces. However despite their achievements the progress towards nationalism was stopped after the Apartheid state intervened. Though the Freedom Charter didn't achieve much at the time, it established standards by which future progress could be measured. This is evident as Nelson Mandela adopted most of the clauses of the Charter when he became president of South Africa. In this sense it was a turning point and it aided progress towards Black African Nationalism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. what role did desmond tutu have in the role to end apartheid

    Tutu was awarded in 1984 the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent advocacy of reform. Could this have been the major reason for the end of apartheid. South Africa at that time didnt have a Black who was well respected and noticed in the world.

  2. The cult of Stalin and the purges of the 1930(TM)s were two aspects of ...

    he would go to any lengths to meet his aspirations and would on no account allow anyone, regardless of the cost to the nation, to compromise his aim for control of the State. With each purge he exceeded the limits of the previous purge, becoming even more powerful, yet more and more paranoid.

  1. Who was more important in bringing about the end of Apartheid and minority rule ...

    It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die." This speech gave Mandela immense respect and support from all around the world.

  2. Why Were Some Forms Of Nationalism More Successful Than Others In Achieving Concessions From ...

    Parnell now had his opportunity to harness the vast political forces into a political movement, as in revolutionary aspects, intimidation and agrarian violence had already begun to manifest themselves, and in October 1879, the National Land League was founded with Parnell as its president to bring about a reduction in

  1. To What Extent was World War Two the Key Turning Point in Britain's Relationship ...

    There was some discontent and with improved education, expectations of being granted independence grew. The war led to economic development in British Africa. Britain developed a policy of 'new imperialism' which aimed to make the colonies more economically efficient. However, while much investment was promised to the Africans, little was actually done, increasing discontent.

  2. Gandhi was instrumental in India achieving its independence. Gandhi was able to procure Indias ...

    Throughout his travels he was shocked to see how improvised the people were. In order to identify himself with the poor Gandhi gave up western style clothes and used only two pieces of cloth to dress himself. In doing this Gandhi showed caring for the poor, he wanted them to know that he had their best interests at heart.

  1. To What Extent Was The South African War (1899 - 1902) A Capitalist War

    as South Africa's most profitable export. The enormous strength of the Transvaal economy through the pre-existing diamond mines, fledgling gold fields and the discovery of coal caused a dramatic shift of power away from the British-held Cape, to the Afrikaner north. However, this prodigious amassing of economic and political power towards the Boer-held Transvaal, it could

  2. In the context of India in the 1840s to 1947, how far can independence ...

    The Indian people saw it as a further attempt to control and westernise them. This stemmed from the British fear that the educated Indian?s would band together and challenge their ruling authority as, ?Unlike the mild Hindu, the studious Hindu would pose a serious threat to white supremacy,?[2] helping Gandhi to later draw on this existing foundation of discontent.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work