• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How important was the Home Front to the final out come of the war?

Extracts from this document...


How important was the Home Front to the final out come of the war? The First World War was Britains first total war, this means that it was the first war to involve every one in Britain even those at home. Previous wars had been fought on a battlefield in distant lands not affecting any one at home as they only knew of these battles when they were published in newspapers. This war was different. It touched everybody's life in one way or another. This war was a war of attrition meaning it was a war in that who ever could produce the most munitions, soldiers and weapons would most probably win and it was an industrial war. To win the war, a country would need to have a consistent supply of food, soldiers, and munitions, as well as high morale to keep on fighting until victory. The combination of these factors would affect each aspect of the war, including the Home Front. At first as people did not know what war was like so thousands of men rushed to volunteer. Many were not old enough but even this was still not enough so recruitment posters were put up to entice the British male population. With more and more casualties Britain needed too keep up the ranks so conscription was introduced. ...read more.


Prices had shot up in Britain hitting the poorer people harder. Food became a luxury and expensive. "21 January 1918 The Times reported: The queues at Smithfield, around those butchers who do retail trade, were very large. At 11 o'clock the queue consisted of 4,000 people." In May 1917 voluntary rationing was introduced and standards were set b the Royal family. They claimed that they would reduce their consumption of bread by one quarter and use reduced amounts of flour in recipes. The government introduced the "Ninepenny Loaf" and issued cookery books with recipes using less flour. However none of these methods were effective enough. The system of compulsory rationing first came about in early 1918. This restricted sales per person of sugar, butter, meat and beer. The government issued ration books to every body. They contained coupons, which were handed over, every time they bought their ration. Breaches of the rationing order were dealt with severely. Court Date Nature of Offence Result HENDON / 29th Aug, 1918 / Unlawfully obtaining & using ration books / 3 months imprisonment WEST HAM / 29th Aug. 1918 / Being a retailer & failing to detach proper no. of forms /Fined �20 SMETHWICK / 22nd July 1918 / Obtaining meat in excess quantities / Fined �50 & �5 5s. Costs OLD STREET /4th Sept, 1918/Being a retailer selling to an unregistered customer/Fined �50 & �5 5s. ...read more.


Though at first it was a struggle for woman to work the government realised that as munitions were so low they needed to open factories just for ammunition production by female employee's. Then land girls come about, women whom worked in agriculture, and other such jobs. As a result of this a series women's rights evolved. This kept people busy and boosted morale as everybody thought that they were contributing to the war effort. By 1917 food supplies became quite desperate so with the help of DORA new measures were inflicted. At first there was voluntary rationing but this did not seem to help matters much so compulsory rationing was introduced. This meant that every body got their fair share of food keeping everybody happy and let the government worry about other things. To win this war of attrition it was vital that people wanted to continue fighting and win the war so morale played a mammoth part on the rocky road to victory. Maybe if Germanys Home Front had been more efficient then it could have led them to victory. Without the help of the Home Front then it is almost certain that Britain would have lost the war. The support from the Home Front meant that Britain could support the Western Front so we could keep on fighting until victory. "The Home Front had come to be as important as the Front under fire." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. How important was the war at sea

    to help the Belgians against Germans. According to the original Shlieffen plan, the German army was supposed to swing around Paris but Von Kluck, the German commander, decided he could not swing around Paris so he advanced straight towards Paris on 5 September.

  2. In what ways did the Second World War affect the lives of ordinary people ...

    as expected and it is clear that only a minority, once settled had a miserable time. Ministry of health reporters issued statements declaring a glossy positive outlook of evacuation, so as not to worry the people and also the government, allowing people to begin concentrating no the more imminent problems of combat in war.

  1. The Home Front - source related study

    This would have scared men, as this was the character they had always depended on to make them more superior. This was why men were fighting at war and women were not allowed. Men left at home would then have felt that they were losing all hold over women, and

  2. Propaganda, Recruitment and ResistanceThe Home Front 1914-1918

    Books and other publications were also another type of propaganda. The University of Oxford produced a five-volume account of why Britain was justified in going to war. This book sold 50,000 copies. This was another effective means of propaganda. The public believed what was written in the book, and persuaded many people to support the war.

  1. "How were the lives of women on Britain's Home Front affected by World War ...

    as there was some male company because the American soldiers were there, to obviously protect Britain. Many women who had loved ones at war, would either become tired of waiting and as there were USA soldiers with them all of the time, it became an common thing for the British

  2. The Home Front 1914-1918, Women and work - source related study.

    However Source D is a photograph therefore only shows one moment in time and does not show variety of jobs women did in industries. The photograph can be misleading as the women could have been positioned there to show the unhappiness it can cause or it could have been a

  1. In What Ways Did The First World War Affect The Lives Of People At ...

    But this also has benefits as well as the downsides. For one it created more jobs for women so that they could gain a lot of independence but it also meant that as there was a lack of able men to go around the place the women could finally go

  2. The home front (source based work) 1914 - 1918.

    the family now earns 10 times their usual wages and can use the extra money to ensure a better lifestyle. However, Source C also contradict Source A, as in Source A the women mentions that 'We worked twelve hours a day, apart from the journey morning and night.'

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work