• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How significant was the slave trade in the growth of the British empire in the years 1680 1763?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Selina Ly How significant was the slave trade in the growth of the British Empire in the years 1680 ? 1763? The slave trade was extremely significant in the growth of the British Empire in the years 1680 ? 1763 as it lead to the importance of West Africa as a commercial centre for the Atlantic slave trade and increased the British economy through its mass trade of slaves to plantations all across it?s colonies in the West Indies and America. However other factors like commerce also played a vital role in the growth of the British Empire. The slave trade was set up in a triangle shape; Britain traded goods such as copper pots and guns to Africa for slaves, who were then taken to the West Indies and America to be sold to work on plantations and in return Britain received money and goods such as sugar and tobacco. ?There were profits for England at every point in the triangle?[1] this suggests that Britain was dominant in the slave trade showing that their empire was powerful and the biggest shareholder to this trade. One way slavery was significant in the growth of the British Empire was the control exerted in West Africa. ...read more.

Middle

On the other hand, British involvement expanded rapidly in response to the demand for labour to cultivate sugar in Barbados and other British West Indian islands. By the 1760s Britain was the foremost European country engaged in the Slave trade. The profits gained from chattel slavery helped to finance the industrial revolution and the Caribbean islands became the hub of the British Empire. The sugar colonies were Britain?s most valuable colonies. By the end of the eighteenth century, four million pounds came into Britain from the West Indian plantations. With the increased demand for slaves, large ships were travelling across the Atlantic to Africa in order to carry more slaves in a single roundtrip. This sparked a new age of ship architecture as new models with greater stability and reliance were being built. This gave more jobs to the British people, some started working on building ships to owning plantations. ?Around 1730, in Bristol it was estimated that on a fortunate voyage the profit on a cargo of about 270 slaves reached 7,000 pounds of 8,000?[4] Due to the growing necessity for slaves and as a result, the considerable decrease in the number of Africans to be enslaved, commercial farmers and planters were going out of their way to buy these slaves. ...read more.

Conclusion

This resulted in boosting the British economy which later they could invest in developing the empire. It wasn?t just work that was hard for the enslaved Africans. The white population on the islands was outnumbered by the black population, and they were frightened of rebellion. Therefore, punishment for any breaking of the rules was harsh. Rebellion was usually punished by death, often by a slow and painful method, to deter any others who thought of rising up against their owners. In conclusion, the slave trade was very significant in the growth of the British Empire as it provided a more efficient way of harvesting crops like sugar and tobacco, so that plantation owners could keep up with the high demand of commodities in Britain and Europe and earn a good profit. Through keeping up with this work load plantation owners had to maintain their plantation economies, unfortunately enslaved Africans would die easily so they had to buy new ones which helped the British economy because then more people would buy slaves from them. Moreover the slave trade gained the British more territory, which showed off their power and dominance over trade to the European countries. However other factors other than the slave trade helped in the growth of the British Empire such as commerce. But overall I believe the slave trade was one of the most significant things that developed the British Empire. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Why Were Some Forms Of Nationalism More Successful Than Others In Achieving Concessions From ...

    He lacked concentrated energy and the single-mindedness of purpose necessary to mould his party into an effective force in parliament. A few of his party members rebelled and advocated a policy of obstructionism, designed to halt the process of normal procedures in Westminster to draw attention to the Irish question.

  2. Education in the Middle Colonies

    Presbyterian Church as the College of New Jersey, and Rutgers, founded in 1766 as Queen's College by the Dutch Reformed Church. Princeton has an especially interesting history as the product of Presbyterian revivalism during the First Great Awakening. Its beginnings go back to Rev.

  1. The storming of the BAstille was the most significant event in 1789

    As the historian Francois Mignet said; "The assembly had acquired the entire power; the corporations depended on it; the national guards obeyed it... The royal power, though existing of right, was in a measure suspended, since it was not obeyed, and the assembly had to supply its action by its own."

  2. Assess the importance of humanitarian and missionary activity in creating a larger African Empire ...

    Chamberlains views were also mirrored in that of the public's who also felt strongly about the civilization of the Africans. Sir David Livingstone captivated public attention when he spread his view of that humanitarianism should be spread throughout Africa under the name of Britain.

  1. The Indian Mutiny

    There were 9 buildings surrounded by a high mud wall and trenches and gun pits were dug and wire entanglement set out as the compound was in the centre of the city and narrow lanes came up to its walls.

  2. To what extent could the Crusades be described as failure within the years 1095-1195?

    Meanwhile, Conrad III, Louis VII, Patriarch of Jerusalem and the king held a secret council of the true purpose of the crusade and decided by all available forces capture Damascus, which promised them a rich booty. But with such a solution, they only pushed the Syrian ruler to embrace the

  1. Why did the West Saxons find it so difficult to deal with the Viking ...

    they found their way to the vill and arrived at the gates, the Viking?s shot out and overwhelmed the West Saxons; causing them to flee.

  2. How far do you agree that by 1763 the ties between Britain and the ...

    The benefits worked for Britain and the colonies. By the 1760s a third of British imports and exports crossed the Atlantic. Furthermore the acts were not strictly enforced and so the colonists had little to argue with. These acts had limited effect on the colonists in the interior and so,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work