• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"How true is it to say that the Spanish Civil War was a `dress rehearsal` for the Second World War?"

Extracts from this document...


Noah 2IBC 07.04.03 Case study "How true is it to say that the Spanish Civil War was a `dress rehearsal` for the Second World War?" The Popular Front consisting of left- wing-communists, the socialists, the anarchist, and the republicans won in February 1936 the Spanish elections. It beat the National Front consisting of the Right- wing Catholics, the Monarchists, the Landowners party, and the Fascists, with a rather large majority. When the Civil War broke out, despite the nationalists being the minority in Spain, the large amount of military aid they received from Italy, Morocco, and Germany, made them superior to the Republicans in the war, who were only helped by soviet forces. Whether the Spanish Civil war was a "dress rehearsal", or not is quite difficult to say because not all the largest and most important European countries took part in the conflict. ...read more.


The fact that when the Germans bombed Guernica, they also bombed a nearby bridge, which was of great importance as an escape route for the Republicans, shows that their strategic war knowledge had increased remendously. The Italians also tested their new planes, but with over 70 000 troops on Spanish ground, they had more focus on seeing their new war strategies and tactics being practised. As Hitler and Mussolini continued with their raiding and military helping of Franco in Spain, they realised that the neutral powers would not join the democratically elected Popular Front and aid it in the war against fascism, hence they lost their respect of Britain, France, and USA, now believing that these countries were weak and of no threat to their plans. ...read more.


Germany and Italy chose to ally with Franco to secure that communism wouldn't spread in Spain. Britain and France found themselves unable to choose sides and since they hoped that rearmament would not be necessary, they were not training for war, and stayed neutral during the crisis. It is true to say that the Spanish Civil war was a "dress rehearsal" for Germany, Italy, and the Soviet, because they could test their newest weapons and strategies. They were also able to analyse the British, French and American reactions. For Britain and France on the other hand it was not as much a testing of their weapons, but it made them realise that once again they were bound for war. The Spanish Civil War ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    And, in the same month, Marines conducted emergency relief operations in the mountains after a midwinter blizzard. At this juncture, the prevalent mood in Lebanon was one of cautious optimism and hope. The Lebanese Army was pressed into service to clear away the rubble of years of warfare.

  2. How True is it to say that the period 1953-1962 saw a relaxation of ...

    results, but were encouraged, realising now that our enemies probably feared us as much as we feared them'. It was this mutual fear and development of some form of mutual respect which meant that relations between Khrushchev and Eisenhower were never very strained.

  1. The Spanish Civil War

    The Falange was a Fascist movement, though more in the mould of Mussolini's Fascists than the Nazis whom Jose Antonio was critical of. However, the Falange was only one part of the movement, and Jose Antonio was imprisoned from 15th March 1936 until the Republic shot him in November 1936.

  2. Total War, Britain during the Second World War

    To reduce the likelihood of casualties, people were advised to keep off the streets as much as possible. To tackle the effects of bombing, the British government set up a series of Auxiliary Services, of which the Air Raid Precaution (ARP)

  1. What were the causes and consequences of Italy's involvement in the Spanish Civil War?

    By becoming involved in the SCW Italy could go some way to ensuring that Spain would not become communist. As Germany was already showing signs of wanting to become involved and this would also decrease the chances of Spain becoming a communist outlet for Russia as between them they could

  2. Was the civil warinevitable?

    However the unique political landscape of America did however make unavoidable a confrontation between old aristocratic values and new liberal values. The way the country had been divided over the issue of slavery allowed the conservative 'Slaveocracy' to distinctly separate its self from the modernising north and yet the two

  1. Australia's involvement in the Second World War

    However, Australia's foreign policy was not completely changed, as Curtin ensured that strong links were still maintained with Britain. Despite levels of volunteers for the armed services, the impact and force of the Second World War forced the Curtin government to introduce limited conscription for overseas service.

  2. The Second World War 1939-45.

    the Japanese army invaded Manchuria, which at the time was a Chinese province, and captured it in order to "preserve Japanese interests there". In actual fact, the military invaded Manchuria because of its abundance of coal and iron and because the people there would provide a market for Japanese goods.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work