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Is there sufficient evidence in sources A to F to explain why there was an anti-war movement in the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s?

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Introduction

History Coursework 15/10/02 Is there sufficient evidence in sources A to F to explain why there was an anti-war movement in the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s? These do sources do reliably give a lot of evidence as to why there was an anti war movement in America. However, they do miss out a few points and pieces of information. Source A gives a brief descriptions on the conscription system, of recruiting new recruits who had no experience and scored lowly on intelligence tests and replacing them with fresh recruits after a year, just when they were gaining experience. This meant that many soldiers were conscripted from America, which I know, was very unpopular amongst Americans. I also know that most of the conscripts were uneducated and poor as hose in university could have their call up delay until after graduation. As this reflects my own knowledge and is a secondary source, I believe that this is reliable. ...read more.

Middle

This had promised welfare state to poor people and better homes etc. Many people were angry about American taxes being wasted on the 'freedom' of people in a small South East Asian country Source E also relates to the effect the media had on the War protests, it illustrates the power that television has on peoples opinion, especially over events such as horrific as war. I know the effects media had on America, from pictures of screaming children and street murders. Cameramen could only film with Americans because it was too dangerous to film with the Vietnamese. This meant that they only uncovered war crimes committed by the Americans and gave a very biased opinion of war back in America. Source F is an account about the role Media played on people's opinions of war; it suggests suitable pieces of evidence to use in the media. Media played a very big part of changing peoples views about war in America, it was the main way people found out about developments in Vietnam and the only way they could see horrific pictures such as the one of children running from a napalm attack. ...read more.

Conclusion

Operation Phoenix greatly increased opposition as it showed America to be a war criminal, it had used illegal methods to kill and imprison communists in the south. They had also followed some of them into neutral Cambodia, seriously increasing the scale of the war. They showed that the United States was acting criminally. The pentagon papers also greatly increased opposition to war after all the government files to do with Vietnam were published, and after a court battle, this was allowed to go ahead. Two attempts to stop these publications were stopped because it was found that Nixon had used illegal methods to gather evidence. This included bugging telephones. These papers greatly increased opposition to war, because of the corruptness of the government. Overall, when combined, these sources are useful, but only give about half of the reasons why opposition for war increased amongst Americans, a few of the reasons are repeated throughout the sources and they are all reliable. There is however, enough evidence at least to write an essay about the anti-war movement in America. David Howe 11M ...read more.

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