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Korean propaganda during the Second World War and the Korean War had a different effect upon the Korean society.

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Introduction

Korean propaganda during the Second World War and the Korean War had a different effect upon the Korean society. Alice Kim In the subject of History ABSTRACT Propaganda was widely spread over radio, papers, posters, and by word of mouth during the Second World War and the Korean War. Korea was a participant in both wars, World War II, being enslaved by Japan, and also the Korean War, a civil war. Propaganda in these two wars did differ, because they were dictated. But how did these two wars differ in affecting Korean citizens? The research question will be answered through research conducted through interviews. During the Second World War, propaganda to Korean civilians was severely dictated by the Japanese. A separation in classes occurred between the higher elites, and the middle and lower class peasants. The higher elites spread Japanese propaganda to fellow Koreans in return of respect and large sums of money. On the other hand, there was an intense unification with the lower and middle class peasants who came together in hatred, anger, and frustration aiming at the Japanese. As for the Korean War, similarly, there was an apparent chaotic segregation between the Northern Communists and the Southern Democrats of Korea. Propaganda was partly to blame for the intensity of bitterness it caused between the two Koreas. -1- -TABLE OF CONTENTS- 1. Introduction 2. Formal Background Information 3. Propaganda *types of, origins 4. Effects *of propaganda on civilians 5. Compare and Contrast 6. Conclusion 7. Bibliography -2- INTRODUCTION "Party lines", and "half truths", are also words that describe propaganda. According to the Encarta World English Dictionary and Thesaurus, propaganda is defined as: "1. information or publicity put out by an organization or government to spread and promote a policy, idea, doctrine, or cause. 2. deceptive or distorted information that is systematically spread." Propaganda is used as a tool to dictate ignorant people, divert attention, or to bleed doctrine into society, especially during a war. ...read more.

Middle

Simultaneously, the Voice of America broadcasting was spreading thru Korea and China and gaining a good reputation. *The Korean War During the Korean War, there were two different voices of propaganda in Korea; Northern propaganda, which was communist, and Southern propaganda, which took a more democratic approach. After the Second World War, the Soviet was responsible for holding North Korea in their hands and molding it into the People's Democratic Republic. They became a communist society under the Soviets. South Korea, on the other hand, became a democratic nation under American rule. There was friction that caused the civil war in Korea. There are many reasons that lead to the extreme: war, but the major reasons concerned Korea becoming a democratic or communist state as a whole. After the erection of South Korea, the rehabilitation of the South Korean army and navy was not ceased. American soldiers set up training camps for South Koreans to elongate the Japan-influenced army and navy bases in South Korea. The army and navy bases in North Korea and South Korea were both increasing in size and strength. In 1950, June 25th, Communists invaded South Korea. Many discomforts surfaced from the separation of Korea, such as rice distribution, and both the North and South experienced lootings by one another since the border between them was quite soft. Immediately, America and the United Nations came to the rescue to cease expansion of communism in the South. While the numbers of supporters to fight against the Soviets and North Korea was progressing, the propaganda spread by the communists was being injected into many of the minds in North Korea. The main argument was: we (Korea) will prosper if we're communists, because if we help one another, our economy will grow and we will become respected and move up in the world. The Communists also misused Marx's ideologies in their propaganda. Marx pointed out that Democracy would eventually reach its peak and naturally become socialism. ...read more.

Conclusion

Propaganda did not stop, and as time passes by, the stories become more concentrated, and diluted. By this, there is a -9- historical segregation, and belief that the opposing Korea is "evil" or "wrong." From time to time, propaganda is relived in books printed after the Korean War. Perhaps, the younger generation is na�ve, and takes those propaganda lines to heart, as education. Therefore, propaganda has irritated both Koreas at the time of the Korean war, and contributed to the finalization of a lawful border between the two Koreas. And even today, the propaganda of both Koreas affect the civilians on both sides of the border. CONCLUSION In conclusion, the main differing affect of Second World War propaganda and the Korean War propaganda was that the Korean War propaganda led to a more serious outcome that resulted in a definite branching of the two Koreas, and the erection of the 38th parallel border. In likelihood, propaganda in both situations exacerbated the intensity of friction within the animosities within the Korean peoples. Again, the propaganda during the Second World War brought the lower and middle peasantry together in bitterness, and alienated the higher class from the others, for they were trying to spread Japanese propaganda to the lower/middle classes for their personal gains. Moreover, propaganda was very social, and thus had largely affected the daily lives of civilians. Note: there must be a general understanding that at least fifty percent of this paper is based upon the interviews that I have conducted. Critical judgement and background reading, as well as bias affecting knowledge were taken into account on my part when synthesizing this paper. However, there are limitations to this work because the information, as knowledge, through personal experiences, may be emotional, thus not very reliable. Also, Myong-man Yoon was an active part of the South Korean (U.S. led) Korean War, hence, one must take into account that he is more likely to be pro-US and democracy. Nevertheless, the information included in the paper, goes accordingly to the books I've read on propaganda, as well as on the events. ...read more.

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