• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Little more than a show and a sham" Discuss this view of Mussolini's economic policies.

Extracts from this document...


* "Little more than a show and a sham" Discuss this view of Mussolini's economic policies. Mussolini's economic policies included the battle for lire, grain and land as well as the idea of Corporativism and state intervention during the worldwide depression following the Wall Street crash. All of his policies involved a propaganda, or 'show', element to them. This highlighted their success and hid their failures. To decide whether his economic policies were a show and a sham, each separate part of his policies need to be looked at. Mussolini wanted Italy to be 'great, respected and feared'; he tried to achieve this through his economic 'battles'. The fact that they were called battles shows that Mussolini wanted to use them for propaganda purposes. The biggest show of Mussolini's economic battles was the Battle for Land. This battle aimed to turn Italy's unusable marshland into land that could be used to build city's upon and for agricultural purposes. 80,000 hectares of former marshland was drained and tuned into useable land, this was only one-twentieth of the propaganda claim. ...read more.


Importantly, it also resulted in the production of products such as olives and grapes declining. These products were exported to other countries and gave Italy a lot of money. The battle for grain can also been seen as a show. There are memorable pictures of a bare chest Mussolini helping present farmers take in the years harvest. Overall, the battle for grain was not a complete sham but was a show. Mussolini was the pioneer of what he saw as the 'third way' between capitalism and communism. This was the corporative state, and its aim was to reconcile workers and employers and unite Italian's to produce for the nation. This third way would organise the economy into corporation in which both employers and workers would be represented. Businesses would not be owned by the state, like they would be in a communist state, and they would not be completely free, like they would be in a true capitalist state. Instead they would be left in private hands but would be regulated by corporations in order to ensure that production was directed in the national interest. ...read more.


The government's actions to survive the great depression mean that not all of Mussolini's economic policies were a show and a sham. In conclusion, Mussolini's economic policies were essentially a show and a sham engineered to ensure the regime's support. The battle for land produced few results but was billed as success on an international level. The battle for lira made the country look strong whilst it actually weakened it and resulted in wage cuts. The corporative state did little for the countries workers and was not effective at helping the nations interests. Despite these failures there were two successes. The main one is the government's dealing with the worldwide depression. Their intervention prevented the levels of mass unemployment and recession that were seen in other Western European countries. To a lesser extent, the battle for grain was a success as by 1940 the country was almost self sufficient in this area. Even with these two successes it must be remembered that the countries national debt before the war was over 150 billion lire. With this taken into account it is reasonable to say that Mussolini's economic policies were a show and a sham. History (NAJ) Fascist Economy Essay 3/7/07 Russell Wright 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Assess the view that the failures of the Congress of Vienna outweighed the successes.

    In a little over 15 years, many elements of the Settlement were undermined: the newly created Kingdom of Holland was broken up, the Bourbon restoration in France had ended and Tsar Nicholas I had revoked the constitution granted to Poland.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    Other claims include the idea that the confessions of the accused were fabricated by the government, and that Trotsky is brilliant, which shows an opposition to Stalin. In a summary, by reading articles about the trials and purges in The Times, it can be observed that the paper did not

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    In November 1807, Russia declared war on her former ally, Britain. Any further anti-French coalition was obviously impossible for the time being. Napoleon would never again be so well placed to dominate Europe. There were still victories to come and conquests to be made, but only at an increased cost

  2. 'In reality he achieved very little.' How far do you agree with this judgment ...

    His social policies affected all areas of people lives. The leisure organization Dopolavoro was set up in 1925 with the aim to influence adults in the workplace and outside the workplace to compensate for the ban of trade unions. It provided activities such as football, and they opened 1350 theatres and 3000 brass bands.

  1. To what extent were economic considerations the main motive for Portuguese exploration and empire ...

    explore but once they found all this gold, slaves and a new spice root. The wealth from these pulled them into funding more and more of similar voyages, as the monarchy and the merchants of Portugal wanted more power, more wealth and more land.

  2. "The Fascist Economy was pure illusion". Discuss

    The first of these was the Battle for the Lira which tried to fix the value of Lira to 90 to the �, which was the amount when Mussolini came to power in 1922. Mussolini wanted to "defend the Lira with strenuous decisiveness...to the last breath, to the last drop of blood".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work