• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the various stages in the development of warfare since the middle of the 19th century

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

GV:1600 - OUTLINE THE VARIOUS STAGES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF WARFARE SINCE THE MIDDLE OF THE 19TH CENTURY Technology defines the strategic agenda of a nation at any given time; in particular, the concepts of war, crisis, terrorism and therefore military warfare. Military technology has allowed for Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiles, Precision Guided Munitions, Long Range Theatre Nuclear Weapons, Ballistic Missile-Carrying Submarines and many more. New military concepts have arisen out from the advancement of military technology, for example arms races or Mutually Assured Destruction; all of these complex military terminologies were unheard of in the middle of the 19th century, therefore showing how drastic warfare has developed since then. As military warfare has an extremely strong influence on the state of international relations as it affects the balance of power and the polarity of the world, it is important to understand both why and how the wars that happen today have expanded. The industrial revolution in the middle of the 19th century brought about a fundamental transformation in military technology; gone were the cavalry wars with spears as weapons and castles as defence, in was the mass production of war machinery. Nearly every aspect of warfare changed, and has been advancing and increasing ever since. ...read more.

Middle

Technology in the late 20th century extended methods of protection to Electronic Counter Measures to locate enemy weapons even before they are deployed - the ultimate method of protection. This would not have been possible without the advancement in artificial intelligence through sophisticated computers to perform operations such as detecting long-range missiles from satellite cameras. The advancement of military warfare is due to a number of things: the progression of science and development of human intelligence mainly as a result of better education and more of a desire to be all-knowing has created more effective and practical ideas for warfare. In addition, the influx capitalism after the industrial revolution has meant that the munitions industry has profit to be made, and as capitalism seems ever increasing the production of weapons has also amplified. Also, countries around the world have increased their defence spending budgets therefore more money is constantly being spent on inventing the best, most destructive, powerful weapons. This, along with the enlarged competition between states to have the most advanced technological warfare machinery has led to a number of disputes which set the agenda for international relations at the time. The Cold War between Russia and the United States from the middle of the 20th century until the collapse of the ...read more.

Conclusion

This creates the problem of not knowing where to attack, and counties such as America attacking countries like Afghanistan just because they believe they were harbouring terrorists after the September the 11th attacks. It is likely that warfare technology will advance in the future despite the disarmament issue over the past few decades. While superpower countries like the United States continue with their arms building, refuse to ratify the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty or participate in talks regarding the Antiballistic Missile Treaty in June, and continue to own 95% of the 31,000-plus nuclear weapons along with Russia6, the Doomsday Clock might actually reach midnight. After World War One, Sir Edward Grey said that the horrors of the Great War would make it possible for states 'to find as least one common ground on which they should come together in confident understanding: an agreement that, in the disputes between them, war must be ruled out as a means of settlement that entails ruin'7. Obviously, this idea seems much too idealistic when we look back at the technological advancements in warfare since World War One, which can maybe suggest that states will always dispute and technology will always advance - the terrifying thought of a future super-war is very possible. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Sitting across the table from Stalin, Churchill proposed that Russia exercise 90 percent predominance in Romania, 75 percent in Bulgaria, and 50 percent control, together with Britain, in Yugoslavia and Hungary, while the United States and Great Britain would exercise 90 percent predominance in Greece.

  2. Superpower Relations 1945-90

    Why did the superpowers produce so many nuclear weapons in the 1950s? The superpowers had financial, political and military reasons for continuing the arms race: * At the time President Eisenhower came to power in 1953, it was 70 times cheaper to match Soviet military strength with nuclear, rather than conventional weapons.

  1. The role of Saddam Hussain in serving the aims of America in the Middle ...

    of his participation in an attempt by the Ba'ath party to assassinate 'Abdul Kareem Kassim in 1961. It is true that the Ba'athists did collaborate with the British agents in the coup d'�tat of t 17th July 1968, but they soon got rid of the British agents in another coup on the 30th of the same month.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    unacceptable shift in the balance of forces that could not be endured indefinitely. Therefore, Israel had reasons of its own for a future attack on the Syrians in Lebanon. The Two-Week War As the tension in the Bekaa Valley subsided, IDF chief of staff Rafael Eitan urged Begin to mount an artillery bombardment of Palestinian bases in Lebanon.

  1. The proposition that the Meiji Restoration and Japan's modernisation were caused by Western Imperialism ...

    When the American ships were sighted, the Tokugawa and its officials realised just how impressive the Western powers were. The shogun feared that the Americans would use force to come ashore and consented to receive their delegation. The Americans were not aware that they would be dealing with the shogunate,

  2. Considering the changes in warfare 1845-1991 how far can Blitzkrieg be considered a turning ...

    as the Panzer IV, this was credited to the ideas of Heinz Guderian who specified the importance of mechanised and mobile forces in modern warfare. "The officers and men in many cases come to consider the approach of tanks a sufficient explanation for not fighting.

  1. War in the air.

    To do this, because of lack of funding, had to be by adapting their own cameras. Just before the outbreak of war photographs were taken of the defences of the Isle of Wight. During the war Lieutenants J.T.C. Moore-Brabazon and C.D.M. Cambell, Sergent F.C.V. Laws and Second Air mechanic W.D.

  2. International Relations Assess the arguments for and against the proliferation of nuclear weapons

    what size of arsenal does the state have, what sort of NWs are in it and in what state of repair are they?) and upon a state's willingness to use such an armoury. The motivation of the attacked to defend is presumed stronger than the motivation of the attacker to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work