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Pearl Harbor: 1941.

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Introduction

Pearl Harbor: 1941 In 1941 the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, which was one of the main Naval bases for the Americans. At the time of the attack the American Pacific Fleet was anchored in the harbor, not expecting to be attacked and unprepared to defend itself. A lot of losses resulted in this attack. The Main Reasons Why. Japan had very few raw materials of its own and in the years leading up to the attack had invaded several countries in Asia to gain territory and power. America was worried about this because Japan was a threat to them. Japan had been at war with China for a long time and the Americans were supporting the Chinese. ...read more.

Middle

The second wave of 167 planes attacked 12minuites later and targeted ships and shipyard facilities. Eight battle ships were damaged with 5 sunk. 9 other ships were destroyed as well as 188 aircraft. 2,335 service men and 68 civilians were killed and 1,178 were wounded. By comparison the Japanese losses were light, 27 planes and 5 midget submarines were lost. The air raid lasted till 9:45am. It would have lasted longer but the Japanese did not send out their third wave. It was lucky for the Americans that the 3 U.S Pacific fleet aircraft carriers were not in the port and that the base fuel tanks were not damaged. The Effects America was shocked and appalled and angry when news of the sneak attack was broadcast that Sunday afternoon. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was regarded as Winston Churchill as a huge step in the efforts to win the war and beat the Germans. He wrote in his diary: "To have the United States at our side was to me the greatest joy. Now at this very moment I knew the United States was in the war, up to the neck and in to the death. So we had won after all!....Hitler's fate was sealed. Mussolini's fate was sealed. As for the Japanese, they would be ground to powder" Churchill's prediction of the future was accurate, Germany was defeated and Japan was almost ground to a powder due to the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Jo Moss Year9 ...read more.

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