• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Politics of 1850

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Politics of the 1850s 1. The whig Party was established in 1834 by politicians opposed to the "executive tyranny of Andrew Jackson. In 1840 the party's presidential candidate, was William Henry Harrison. However 4 years later the Whig party was defeated by a split vote by an anti-slavery Liberty party. The Whig Party returned to power in 1848 when they defeated competition from two other parties. In 1852 the war hero Winfield Scott was nominated as its candidate. The party was badly divided with Southerners deeply suspicious of Scott's views on slavery. Franklin Pierce won 1,601,474 votes against Scott's 1,386,578. Most Whigs joined the newly created Republican Party in 1854. 2. The Free Soil Party was a short-lived political party in the United States active in the 1848 and 1852 presidential elections, and in some state elections. It was a third party that largely appealed to and drew its greatest strength from New York State. The party leadership consisted of former anti-slavery members of the Whig Party and the Democratic Party. ...read more.

Middle

as the principal opposition to the Democratic Party.[10] It first came to power in 1860 with the election of Abraham Lincoln, a former Whig, to the presidency and presided over the American Civil War and Reconstruction. John Charles Fr�mont (January 21, 1813 - July 13, 1890), was an American military officer, explorer, the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the United States, and the first presidential candidate of a major party to run on a platform in opposition to slavery. During the 1840s, that era's penny press accorded Fr�mont the sobriquet The Pathfinder, which remains in use, sometimes as "The Great Pathfinder". 5. The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opened new lands, repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and allowed settlers in those territories to determine if they would allow slavery within their boundaries. The initial purpose of the Kansas-Nebraska Act was to create opportunities for a Mideastern Transcontinental Railroad. ...read more.

Conclusion

The real issue in this controversy is the sentiment on the part of one class that looks upon the institution of slavery as a wrong, and of another class that does not look upon it as a wrong. One of the methods of treating it as a wrong is to make provision that it shall grow no larger. Abraham Lincoln, speech at Quincy, Illinois (1858) We have in this nation the element of domestic slavery. The Republican Party think it wrong - we think it is a moral, a social, and a political wrong. We think it is wrong not confining itself merely to the persons of the States where it exists, but that it is a wrong which in its tendency, to say the least, affects the existence of the whole nation. Because we thing it wrong, we propose a course of policy that shall deal with it as a wrong. We deal with it as with any other wrong, insofar as we can prevent it growing any larger, and so deal with it that in the run of time there may be some promise of an end to it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. "How Did The Election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 lead to the Secession of ...

    The South viewed the republic as a compact union of sovereign states which were free and independent states. However, in contrast according to Richard H Sewell believed that Southern Unionists insisted "...far from protecting slavery...secession would place it in peril, for secession was bound to lead to war, and war to emancipation."

  2. Missouri Compromise 1820.

    blacks were free there would just be an array of massacres led by angry blacks. Southerners Spent more time on the issue of protecting themselved from a threat of slave rebellions due to abolitionsit literature sparking rebellions than any other matter.

  1. US History. How would you characterize the positions of the North at the time ...

    The position of the North at the time leading up to the Compromise of 1850 could be divided into several categories. These include unionists, abolitionists, and free-soilers. Some Northerners didn't want the South to secede and wanted to maintain the United States as a whole; they were considered Unionists.

  2. US Popular Culture - Woody Guthrie Biography

    . and made up songs to pay honor and tribute to the story of the trade union workers around the world." Woody continued to perform with the group until late 1942, when it separated. During this period, Woody's personal and professional situation changed dramatically.

  1. America's Reconstruction as Revolution

    Furthermore, Johnson was opposed to the idea of blacks voting altogether. "'White men alone,' Johnson declared, 'must manage the South'"4 His plans provided few new roles for freedmen, and essentially forced them to return to plantation labor. "The freedmen had no role in his vision of a reconstructed South.

  2. What was the 1850 Compromise and Why did it Fail?

    This compromise said that California was to be admitted into the union as a free state; that New Mexico and Utah were to be organised into territories, allowing popular sovereignty; and as a sop to win over both sides,

  1. Why were the Liberals defeated in the general election of 1874?

    What this Act did was to increase the number of voters based on certain qualifications. (Hopkins, 2000, pp.1- 5) While this Act gave the right to vote to every male householder in the boroughs, who had occupied a house with a rental value of at least �10 (Disraeli, 1998, p.

  2. A contented, successful and united nation. How far is this an accurate comment on ...

    prosperity, in particular the slaves which were the basis of the entire southern economy. They were shipped over from Africa in what was known as the ?Triangular Trade? route which went through Britain and America and rich landowners would buy them to work their land, increasing the profitability of the agriculture.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work