• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Propaganda Was an Essential Weapon In the War Against Germany’ - To What Extent Do You Agree With This Opinion On the Role of Propaganda As Used By the British Government During World War One?

Extracts from this document...


Introduction During the First World War there were many aspects which effected the result of the war. Apart from the obvious confrontational conflict which took place, these took the form of fighting on the fronts war at sea and conflicts in the air. However there was also a great weapon which was utilised during the First World War by the British Empire. Propaganda was generally used in Britain to influence someone's decision about particular issues related to the war. This seemingly subtle way of influencing people's opinions was actually quite an effective way of influencing people's general views. The aims of propaganda are therefore: * influence people what they think, how they think and why the think in this fashion * to maintain the support of the people * to recruit volunteer soldiers * to justify subscription to the armed forces after 1916 when subscription to the armed forces was made mandatory * to convince people that the British will win * to convince people that it is right and necessary to fight by generating ideas that the enemy is supremely evil and that getting rid of radicating this enemy is worth the cost of lives in war. * to support people in times of suffering and hardship * to instil a sense of national pride in the country, the men who were going to fight, the monarchy and the government. * Propaganda contained information on crucial things such as food shortages and to cope in these situations with only the basics amenities needed to survive and how to generate your own amenities. Formats of propaganda Posters These were very important pieces of propaganda as they had the most people looking at them. This was because posters could be easily seen from great distances, therefore a wider range of people could view the posters from further away. This actual was a very effective form of propaganda as single 'buzz' words could be placed on the poster and people would instantaneously know what the poster was trying to say to them. ...read more.


At the bottom of the advert is the words ' Join to-day', this I believe is a final prompt to join the army. The text is obviously just as important as the picture as the mother type figure seems to be gesturing towards the words. Also the words are in an uppercase font so that if a person is far away they may not be able to see the illustration but they will see the wording. Another poster which promotes enlisting in the army but is apparent from a different approach is the 'Daddy what did YOU do in the Great War.' This depicts a girl child sitting on the lap of her father sometime in the future after the great war and a boy child sitting at his feet playing with some toy army vehicles. The girl is reading a book when she asks the question indicting she is reading some sort of history book. The father is obviously contemplating the question and has a worried look on his face. This image is meant to depict the child getting ready for her father's response about he was in the war fighting for what he believed, while the father ponders how he is going to tell his proud daughter that he was a coward and did not enter the war. This plays on the conscience of the observer who will put himself in that situation. Of course this person does not want to have to play this scenario so they enlist to show they are not cowardly. This poster basically says join the army and defend your family and country and be a hero, or do not join and live your life as a coward. The advert obviously puts forward the statement that the war will not damage the sociality of Britain much as the people in the advert seem to be well off and happy. ...read more.


The honour in defending your family and country against the enemy was something everyone was raised to believe in, in those days. George Weill commented, 'each of the warring nation's persuaded itself that its government had neglected propaganda, whereas the enemy.........had been most effective', in these other states propaganda was free to flow throughout the country and most likely it did. Therefore this argument that a country lost the war due to propaganda seems like a front. I believe this front is an excuse to take the blame off themselves by saying that we lost the war due to propaganda and not because of our ability to fight in wars. As I believe that these countries felt it would be more appropriate and less humiliating to blame something which sounds insignificant like propaganda, rather than blaming their own abilities which were considered significant aspects in defending their country. I believe that propaganda was important in the Great War but only to a certain extent, it was very good for the preparation of war but did nothing to influence the actual battles themselves. Propaganda did not help a soldier to fight better; it may have given him an incentive but did not get him to fight better. Propaganda was mainly used to influence the people in Britain, but as soon as the required task was achieved the propaganda ceased. For example once a man had enlisted as a soldier propaganda became ineffective. It was very good for raising funds, morale and hostility all the things needed to battle in the war but the eventual outcome I think was down to the people who were effected by propaganda least, the soldiers. I can put my thoughts into this analogy, propaganda is the fuel which is placed upon the wood to help a fire burn the soldiers are the fire. Without the fuel the fire burns but not as brightly or with as much vigour, however without the fire the fuel is useless. Michael Robinson 11:13 GCSE History Coursework Assignment 1 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    In Czechoslovakia the leaders were simply murdered. * He did not trust the west, Britain and the USA, because they had invaded Russia in 1919 and had delayed the invasion of France until 1944. * Stalin knew that Germany had invaded Russia twice in the twentieth century, he was determined to prevent this happening a third time.

  2. How Significant were the Normandy landings in Defeating Germany in World War Two?

    There are many reasons as to why the allies defeated Germany. Source D illustrates one aspect. Source D shows Adolf Hitler ordering troops to invade the USSR but they turn into graves instead. From my own knowledge I know that this occurred on June 22nd 1942.

  1. The great Patriotic war - From incompetence to victory.

    it.vii The purges not only decimated the experience of the officer corps, but it silenced most, if not all, of its forward thinking strategists. One of these was Marshal of the Soviet Union M. N. Tukhachevskii, First Deputy Commissar for Defense, Chief of Red Army Ordnance and potential commander-in-chief in the event of war.

  2. How important was the war at sea

    This was vital to the munitions industry, which produced weapons for the Western Front. The production increased, and women began to take on other jobs such as working on the railway system.

  1. Assess the effectiveness of the governments in Britain and Germany in maintaining the war ...

    As seen in Source G, people were forced to scavenge for food scraps, which was dramatically lowering the support of the German people for the government, as they were living in such appalling conditions. The problem for the Germany was firstly, all of their efforts were going in to keep

  2. How did World War II affect the lives of civilians in Wales and Britain?

    This is then backed up as the source progresses to say that 'newspaper versions of life going on normally are grotesque' and that there was, 'No bread, no electricity, no milk, on telephones.' The happy scene created in the previous source is fast becoming to seem less likely, as people

  1. Women and social change - To what extent did World War One effect womens ...

    Work in munition factories provided better conditions, more freedom and better pays although they were not given the same pay or rights as men had had. Although the government needed women, workers but they didn't really like it. The use of the term subscription helped to reasure employers and make

  2. American Propaganda During World War II

    Germans usually had their noses and chins pointed towards the sky because they wanted to give the impression that Germans were very egoistic about themselves and their country. Hitler was an epic character and the animators made fun of him by having people throw tomatoes at him or else make

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work