• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Propaganda was the key factor in the consolidation of the Fascist regime in Italy in the years 1922-29. Explain why you agree or disagree with this statement

Extracts from this document...


'Propaganda was the key factor in the consolidation of the Fascist regime in Italy in the years 1922-29.' Explain why you agree or disagree with this statement * Cult of personality (59-63) * Propaganda claims of success in foreign policy (59-63) * Propaganda claims of success in economic policy (59-63) * Propaganda claims of success in social policy (59-63) * But was it key? Also examine Mussolini's tactics in the period 1922-25 which enabled the creation of the dictatorship (47-54) * The use of violence and repression 1922-39 (69-71) * Mussolini's accommodation with powerful groups in Italian society (65) Propaganda played a vital part in the consolidation of the Fascist regime 1922-29. Mussolini used a variety of methods, and as a former journalist, he was aware of the importance of a strong media image. Propaganda was used to enhance the public image of Mussolini as a great and wise leader. Mussolini used methods of propaganda to develop the idea that he was the leader of his people. ...read more.


However, the fascistisation of youth did not end in the classroom; there were also youth movements which were made compulsory to join in April 1926. The boy's youth movement encouraged them to be courageous and strong; they were involved in military practices and outdoor activities. Mussolini wished to encourage this behaviour for Italy's future army, however the youth movements also suffered from political indoctrination. Newspapers were the most important form of propaganda, particularly in the 1920s. Mussolini suppressed criticism and ensured that journalists were aware that they could be arrested for criticising or publishing derogatory material. Official Fascist events were advertised through newspapers and he ensured the press followed official views. To enhance Fascism's virile and dynamic image, Mussolini particularly encouraged the development of leisure and sport. They hosted the second football World Cup in 1934 and became world champions, which boosted Italian prestige. Leisure activities ranging from sporting events to cinema, theatre and radio were covered with propaganda. Mussolini realised the importance of radio, his speeches were broadcasted live and radios were set up in town squares and schools. ...read more.


The regime also set up concentration camps, although there were fewer than 5000 prisoners, which is very little in comparison to other 20th century dictatorships. Mussolini adopted a broadly conciliatory approach when dealing with those interest groups whose support he needed to consolidate his regime: the Church and industry. Mussolini pointed out that Fascism and Catholicism faced common enemies in Socialism and Liberalism. Relations steadily warmed and in 1929 the Lateran Agreements were signed, finally healing the breach between the Catholic Church and the Italian state. Mussolini could now rely on official Catholic support for his regime. Mussolini also adopted tactics when dealing with Italian industrialists. Socialist and Catholic trade unions were banned and, in the following year, strikes were outlawed. These early concessions were instrumental in securing industrialists' loyalty to the regime. Propaganda was the key factor in presenting Mussolini as a powerful and brave leader. However, the extent to which the Italian people believed the propaganda is controversial as when the Fascist government fell, the majority of people were not indoctrinated. This also ultimately led to Mussolini's downfall, as he believed his own propaganda: 'Il Duce'. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. To What Extent Did Mussolini Achieve his Foreign Policy Aims of making Italy "Great ...

    It went back to Mussolini's aim in 1922 of eradicating the humiliation of Italy's defeat by the Ethiopians in 1887 and 1896. A shooting of Italians at an oasis on the Ethiopian side of the border with the Italian Somaliland triggered off the attack.

  2. How Successfully did Mussolini Consolidate Fascist Power between 1922 and 1925?

    From the start, circumstances arose in which opposition could have been mobilised. Parliament could have revolted against Mussolini at any point; nothing forced them to pass Mussolini's decrees. If they had liased with the king then they might have come to an agreement to back each other up.

  1. To what extent did Mussolini consolidation of power in Italy between 1922 and 1928 ...

    The old system of election was scrapped and now any party with the majority of votes provided they won at least 25%, would take two thirds of the seats. When it came for Parliament to vote on the Acerbo Law, many politicians agreed to a law that would almost certainly

  2. "Mussolini was an all powerful dictator" - How accurate is this statement?

    The law was passed and when the politician Giacomo Matteotti spoke out against Mussolini fascist thugs killed him, and the King ignored the demands of the Aventine Succession and the public outcry to remove Mussolini as he was still no better alternative for the king to appoint.

  1. To what extent did Mussolini make Italy 'great, respected and feared'?

    This successful showing was thought to warn off others. The assault was a considerable success, he had astutely realised that the modern weapons of the Italians would be no match for the Ethiopians. Any attempt to stop Mussolini had proved feeble. Mussolini went from one war straight to another.

  2. Mussolini(TM)s rise to power up to 1922 owes more to the failures of others ...

    we are allowed to govern, or we will seize power by marching on Rome [to] take by the throat the miserable political class that govern us"10. This shows that he was constantly aware of the thoughts and feelings both within his party and the politicians and influential figures holding the power in Italy.

  1. Explain how Mussolini was able both to obtain office and to consolidate his power ...

    But this public animosity toward the government was by no means the only contributory factor that led to Mussolini's rise popularity - although a major feature was the incompetence and ineffectiveness of anti-fascist factions of government. Although there were undoubtedly a copious abundance of factors that contributed to the rise

  2. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    * Even more important was that the disasters of 1812 and the defeats in the Peninsular War shattered Napoleon's reputation for military invincibility. * It had always been a weakness in his command structure that he did not take his senior officers into his confidence when on campaign, nor allow them any independence of action.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work