• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Revolution in Russia, Civil War and the rule of Stalin, (1917 - 41).

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Revolution in Russia, Civil War and the rule of Stalin, (1917 - 41) Interpretation Essay 'Stalin had luck on his side which helped him become leader of the USSR' M. McCauley a British historian who wrote Russia 1917-41, 1997, p. 78 How valid is this interpretation of Stalin's rise to power? The interpretation written by M. McCauley suggests that Stalin became leader of the USSR because of luck. However, there have been other interpretations that have suggested Stalin became leader of the USSR because of his importance of his position of the party, his policies, Stalin's personal characteristics and political skills, weaknesses of his opponents such as Trotsky, Rykov and Kamenev. Historians including E.H. Carr, C. Ward and R. Conquest have suggested these interpretations. The historian M. McCauley may have formed his interpretation by reading documents that they may have been suppressed before the collapse of the Soviet Union, and therefore, may be more reliable than interpretations written before 1991. ...read more.

Middle

It was also lucky for Stalin that he had managed to trick Trotsky into not attending Lenin's funeral, as a result, this had portrayed Stalin as his chief mourner and it had also resulted in damaging Trotsky's position within the Bolsheviks and had made him unpopular with Bolshevik supporters as Lenin had become a cult figure. Trotsky also was ill for most of the Power Struggle, which was also lucky for Stalin because it meant that Trotsky's strength was sapped which left him unable to deal with the persisting internal attacks mounted on him by his colleagues and enemies. In addition, it meant that he could not be involved in crucial votes in the Politburo. However, there were certain times when important meetings were held by his bedside. When he was left out on crucial votes it meant that Stalin could have his own way, and increased his chances of being victorious in the Power Struggle. However, the source may not also be entirely true, because it has to be stressed that there were other reasons why Stalin had become leader of the USSR. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another mistake that Trotsky made is agreeing to the suppression of Lenin's Testament as if it had not been kept a secret then it would have been very unlikely that Stalin would have got the chance to win the Power Struggle. Another reason why Stalin became leader was that he was politically very skilful and cunning. An example was that there had been an argument between the Politburo members about having a Permanent Revolution. However, Stalin had favoured Socialism in One Country because that had been more popular with most party members and with their supporters. The same was that of other policies, that Stalin adopted policies that were popular with the majority of the Communist Part. It is therefore reasonable to suggest that Stalin had luck on his side, which helped him, become leader of the USSR. However, there were other factors that were important to help Stalin become leader of Russia. These include the weaknesses of the other contenders in the power struggle, Stalin's political skills and his personal characteristics. Rhiann Johns History Miss McCue ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    * Agriculture had been largely reorganised into collective farms. Production was up by one-third. * Stalin was untouchable; he had complete control of the USSR: contrary advice was not welcomed and could be very unwise. * The Soviet population was much greater than that of Germany.

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    it would have been difficult for the peasants to know how to act, even if they had wanted to make an impact on events in the capital. This was a problem, incidentally, which in 1917 limited the effectiveness of all groups, peasant or not, outside the revolutionary hearth of Petrograd.

  1. The 1917 Revolution.

    while the Tsar was unwilling to concede any of his remaining autocratic powers. The domestic political situation was further complicated by the intrigue of the monk-adventurer, Rasputin. He seriously disorganized the government at a critical time by using his influence to exclude from office able men he disliked and to

  2. Russian Revolution Sources Question

    Lenin stole the land policy from the social revolutionaries, this put the peasants on the Bolshevik's side. This shows Lenin's ability to change his policies to get the Russian people on his side. But Lenin's policies were not all positive for the Russian peasants who made up the majority of the population.

  1. The Bolshevik Revolution In October-November 1917

    They naturally turned to the Bolsheviks but at this time they were not ready to seize power. In the end the demonstrating turned into riots and troops were sent into break up the mobs. Kerensky used this opportunity to shame the leader of the Bolsheviks, Lenin, by producing letters which

  2. Russian Revolution Sources Questions

    from his position of General Secretary and give it to a man who is completely different to Stalin in all respects and find someone ' More patient, more loyal, more polite and more attentive to colleagues.' Lenin has obviously has personal experience of Stalin's faults and is warning the other communists of the dangers faced.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work