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Select and explain the most important turning points in WW1 between March 1918 and November 1918.

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Introduction

End of WW1 - Essay Coursework 1) Select and explain the most important turning points in WW1 between March 1918 and November 1918. I believe that there are three important turning points between March and November 1918 in the end of the war. I think the first turning point is Ludendorff's Offensive. This is because the main aim of the war was to gain territory and the war had been in a stalemate since December 1914. And because America was moving 50,000 troops into France per month, Ludendorff decided that Germany needed a quick victory and launched the spring offensive. At first this seemed to be a winning formula as the Germans had broke through the allied defence and advanced 65Km and so were only 5Km from Paris. However making this breakthrough caused 400,000 German losses and they had no reserves. Many of the planned German attacks were held up because of bad food supplies and so on the 18th July the allied counter attack at the Marne left the Germans with nothing except a destroyed army. ...read more.

Middle

Because of the military not only trying to fight a war but run the country as well it meant that the military went into the war with out considering what would happen if the war lasted a long time, therefore all the military plans like the Schlieffen plan weren't effective because they didn't account for a long war. And so the military decided to call in more and more men, this meant that the jobs which these men did couldn't be accounted for which led to the country to be under great economic strain. Because of this and Germany's incompetence to defend her port, the allies blocked all of Germany's ports in 1915, which meant that Germany couldn't export any goods to make profits which intern meant that the economy would be on the brink of collapse and so wouldn't be able to fund any more money for artillery for the military. And also Germany couldn't import and food for civilians and soldiers which meant that the diet was poor and so meant that disease started spreading and by 1918 750,000 men died of starvation and influenza. ...read more.

Conclusion

However the reason why the spring offensive was adopted in the first place and the war of attrition didn't carry on was because Ludendorff saw America's potential threat, that not only would the German's be fighting the French and British but the America's too, and Ludendorff knew that the German army just couldn't cope with that, as the army wasn't as good as it was in 1914. Which is why he decided that Germany was in a do or die situation and needed a quick victory and so launched the spring offensive. So overall I believe that the spring offensive was in effect the reason why the Germans were defeated in WW1 in the short term. However, I consider the America's role to be the reason why the German's were defeated in the long term. This is because the America's were the reason why the spring offensive was launched but had also contributed to the war in the allies favour by loaning them lots of money over long periods of time, boosting morale and supplying them with men needed to counter attack the spring offensive in order to defeat Germany. ...read more.

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